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Home > Countries & Regions > Sub-Saharan Africa > Tanzania
Updated July 2009
HIV/AIDS-Specific Country Profiles
Health and Development Profiles
Guidelines and Best Practices
Surveys and Assessments
Policy Reports and Papers
Journal Articles
Research Summaries
Program Management Materials
National Organizations
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International Organizations
HIV/AIDS Web Sites
Comprehensive Indicator Report
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List of all countries
Indicator Database
Focus on Care and Treatment
HIV/AIDS in Tanzania
Population, 201349,100,000
People living with HIV/AIDS, 20121,500,000
Women (aged 15+) with HIV/AIDS, 2012730,000
Children with HIV/AIDS, 2012230,000
Adult HIV prevalence (%), 20125.1
AIDS deaths, 201280,000
nd = No data
Source: Population Reference Bureau & UNAIDS
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HIV/AIDS-Specific Country Profiles
PEPFAR Country Profile
A summary of the activities of the U.S. President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) in selected countries.
UNAIDS Country Profile
A brief summary of national socioeconomic conditions in the context of the HIV epidemic, and information (where available) on UNAIDS' country-level activities.
UNGASS 2008 Country Progress Report
Reports progress made in implementing the UN Declaration of Commitment on HIV/AIDS. The report includes summary indicator data through the end of 2007. [PDF, 338K]
UNAIDS/WHO Epidemiological Fact Sheet
Statistics on the prevalence and incidence of HIV/AIDS and other sexually transmitted infections, and discussion of knowledge and behaviors related to HIV transmission. 2008. [PDF, 1.1 MB]
IRIN Country Profile
Contact information for national HIV/AIDS organizations, selected indicators, antiretroviral treatment statistics, and an epidemiological fact sheet from the United Nation's Integrated Regional Information Networks.
Global Fund Country Programs
Discussion of the national epidemic and description of HIV/AIDS projects supported by the Global Fund, including funding details, planned activities, and expected results. A seperate page is available for Zanzibar
HIV/AIDS in Tanzania
Lisa Garbus. Country AIDS Policy Analysis Project, AIDS Policy Research Center, University of California San Francisco, July 2004.
WHO HIV/AIDS Treatment Scale-Up Summary Country Profile
A summary of current antiretroviral therapy coverage and resource requirements for scaling up treatment in countries receiving support under the WHO's "3 by 5" treatment initiative. 2005. [PDF, 372K]
Health and Development Profiles
CIA World Factbook
Extensive data over a range of fields, including geography, population, government, the economy, the military, and communications.
Population Reference Bureau Country Profile
Key demographic, health, and development indicators, selected reports and articles, and links.
UNICEF Country Tables
Statistics in the areas of population, mortality, general and reproductive health, and education.
WHO Country Profile
Links to tables containing general health indicators, country profiles on specific diseases, and selected health-related documents. Also in Spanish and French.
World Bank Country Development Gateway
The Gateway will aim to reduce poverty in Tanzania by enhancing access to education and information, facilitating networking and partnerships, and improving the implementation of development projects.
Guidelines and Best Practices
National Guidelines for the Clinical Management of HIV/AIDS: Second Edition
National AIDS Control Programme, Ministry of Health, April 2005. [PDF, 3.4MB]
National Guidelines for Voluntary Counselling and Testing 2005
National AIDS Control Programme, Ministry of Health and Social Welfare, 2005. [PDF, 330K]
HIV/AIDS and STI Prevention and Care in Rwandan Refugee Camps in the United Republic of Tanzania
UNAIDS Best Practice Collection, March 2003. [PDF, 452K]
Investing in Our Future: Psychosocial Support for Children Affected by HIV/AIDS: A Case Study in Zimbabwe and the United Republic of Tanzania
UNAIDS Best Practice Collection, July 2001. [PDF, 710K]
Surveys and Assessments
Concurrent Sexual Partnerships and HIV Infection: Evidence from National Population-Based Surveys
Mishra V and Bignami-Van Assche S. Demographic and Health Surveys, UNAIDS, March 2009. [PDF, 576K]
Migration and Economic Mobility in Tanzania : Evidence from a Tracking Survey
Kathleen Beegle, Joachim De Weerdt, Stefan Dercon. World Bank. December, 2008. [PDF, 246K]
Tanzania HIV/AIDS and Malaria Indicator Survey Final Report, 2007/2008
Tanzania Commission for AIDS, Zanzibar AIDS Commission, National Bureau of Statistics, Office of Chief Government Statistician, and Macro International Inc., November 2008. [PDF, 1.8MB] A Fact Sheet summarizing key statistics is also available.
Social context of disclosing HIV test results: HIV testing in Tanzania
Lugalla J, Madihi C, Sigalla H. Centre for Strategic Research and Development and Calverton, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. Macro International Inc., September 2008. [PDF, 620K]
The Future is in Our Hands: Tanzanian Youth, Reproductive Health and HIV
National Bureau of Statistics of the United Republic of Tanzania, Measure DHS, February 2007. [PDF, 1.3MB]
DHS HIV/MCH Delivery of HIV/AIDS Related Services Survey
Demographic and Health Surveys, 2006
Mapping of Community Home-Based Care Services in Five Regions of the Tanzania Mainland
Pathfinder International, June 2006. [PDF, 500K]
Policy Reports and Papers
Rapid Scale-Up of PMTCT Service Provision Using a District Approach: The Tanzania Experience
National AIDS Control Program, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. Elizabeth Glaser Pediatric AIDS Foundation, 2009. [PDF, 1.7MB]
Tanzania Adopts HIV Law
USAID Health Policy Initiative. September 2008. [PDF, 111K]
Rapid Analysis of HIV Epidemiological and Response Data on Vulnerable Populations in the Great Lakes Region of Africa
Great Lakes Initiative on AIDS (GLIA), Global HIV/AIDS Monitoring and Evaluation Team (GAMET), Global HIV/AIDS Program, World Bank, January 2008. [PDF, 3.23MB]
TB and HIV/AIDS Integration in Ethiopia, Kenya, Tanzania, and Eritrea
Jan van den Hombergh, Kitty Lambregts-van Weezenbeek, AIDS Campaign Team for Africa (ACT Africa), World Bank, 2008. [PDF, 1.2MB]
Towards Universal Access to Prevention, Treatment and Care: Experiences and Challenges From the Mbeya Region in Tanzania - a Case Study
UNAIDS, March 2007. [PDF, 432K]
Equity and Fair Process in Scaling Up Antiretroviral Treatment: Potentials and Challenges in the United Republic of Tanzania: Case Study
World Health Organization, 2006. [PDF, 285K]
National Policy on HIV/AIDS
The United Republic of Tanzania, Prime Minister's Office, September 2001. [PDF, 121K]
Journal Articles
A randomized trial to determine the optimal dosage of multivitamin supplements to reduce adverse pregnancy outcomes among HIV-infected women in Tanzania
Kawai K, Kupka R, Mugusi F, Aboud S, Okuma J, Villamor E, Spiegelman D, Fawzi WW. Am J Clin Nutr. 2010 Feb;91(2):391-7. Includes commentary from the UCSF Institute for Global Health.
Scaling up stigma? The effects of antiretroviral roll-out on stigma and HIV testing. Early evidence from rural Tanzania.
Roura M, Urassa M, Busza J, et al. 2008 Nov 26. Sex Transm Infect.
Separation of spouses due to travel and living apart raises HIV risk in Tanzanian couples.
Vissers DC, Voeten HA, Urassa M, et al. Sex Transm Infect. 2008 Aug;35(8):714-20.
Prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV-1 through breast-feeding by treating infants prophylactically with lamivudine in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania: the Mitra Study
Kilewo C, Karlsson K, Massawe A, et al. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2008 Jul 1;48(3):237-40. Includes commentary from the UCSF Institute for Global Health.
Effect of herpes simplex suppression on incidence of HIV among women in Tanzania
Watson-Jones D, Weiss HA, Rusizoka M, Changalucha J, Baisley K, Mugeye K, et al. New Engl J Med 2008;358:1-12. Includes commentary from the UCSF Institute for Global Health.
Research Summaries
Social Context of Disclosing HIV Test Results: HIV Testing in Tanzania
Lugalla J, Madihi C, Sigalla H. Centre for Strategic Research and Development , Dar es Salaam, Tanzania, September 2008. [PDF, 620K]
Moving Forward: Tackling Stigma in a Tanzanian Community
Nyblade L, MacQuarrie K, Kwesigabo G, et al. Horizons Final Report. Population Council, March 2008. [PDF, 616K]
Program Management Materials
Nutrition, Food Security and HIV: A Compendium of Promising Practices
Castleman T, Mwadime R. Regional Centre for Quality of Health Care, Food and Nutrition Technical Assistance (FANTA) Project, October 2008. [PDF, 300K]
Training Guide for Village and Ward Multisectoral HIV/AIDS Committees
UZIKWASA, Pangani, Tanzania, July 2007. [PDF, 600K]
National Organizations
Ministry of Health, Tanzania
Tanzania Commission for AIDS (TACAIDS)
This national organization provides strategic leadership for a national multi-sectoral response to the HIV/AIDS epidemic.
International Organizations
Eastern African National Network of AIDS Service Organisations (EANNASO)
Regional umbrella network of HIV and AIDS service organisations covering 14 countries in Eastern Africa focused on strengthening network capacities and improving national responses to HIV/AIDS.
Engender Health
Provides technical assistance, training, and information on reproductive health in areas lacking resources. Site features country fact sheet and related news releases.
Family Care International
Organization promotes women's reproductive health and rights through country-specific safe motherhood and adolescent sexual health programs.
HIV/AIDS Web Sites
This web site features weekly broadcasts from Kimasomaso, a Swahili radio series which explores sexual and reproductive health issues with and by young people.
Tanzanian-German Programme to Support Health
This programme supports health sector reform in Tanzania in order to improve the health and well-being of Tanzanians and to encourage the health system to be more responsive to the needs of the people.