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Home > Countries & Regions > Sub-Saharan Africa > Rwanda
Updated July 2009
HIV/AIDS-Specific Country Profiles
Health and Development Profiles
Surveys and Assessments
Guidelines and Best Practices
Policy Reports and Papers
Journal Articles
Research Summaries
National Organizations
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International Organizations
U.S.-Sponsored Research and Training Programs
Conferences and Events
Comprehensive Indicator Report
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List of all countries
Indicator Database
HIV/AIDS in Rwanda
Population, 201311,100,000
People living with HIV/AIDS, 2012210,000
Women (aged 15+) with HIV/AIDS, 2012100,000
Children with HIV/AIDS, 201227,000
Adult HIV prevalence (%), 20122.9
AIDS deaths, 20125,600
nd = No data
Source: Population Reference Bureau & UNAIDS
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HIV/AIDS-Specific Country Profiles
PEPFAR Country Profile
A summary of the activities of the U.S. President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) in selected countries.
UNAIDS Country Profile
A brief summary of national socioeconomic conditions in the context of the HIV epidemic, and information (where available) on UNAIDS' country-level activities.
UNGASS 2008 Country Progress Report
Reports progress made in implementing the UN Declaration of Commitment on HIV/AIDS. The report includes summary indicator data through the end of 2007. [PDF, 1.1MB]
UNAIDS/WHO Epidemiological Fact Sheet
Statistics on the prevalence and incidence of HIV/AIDS and other sexually transmitted infections, and discussion of knowledge and behaviors related to HIV transmission. 2008. [PDF, 996K]
Global Fund Country Programs
Discussion of the national epidemic and description of HIV/AIDS projects supported by the Global Fund, including funding details, planned activities, and expected results.
WHO HIV/AIDS Treatment Scale-Up Summary Country Profile
A summary of current antiretroviral therapy coverage and resource requirements for scaling up treatment in countries receiving support under the WHO's "3 by 5" treatment initiative. 2005. [PDF, 331K]
HIV-AIDS in Rwanda: 2008 Epidemic Update
Center for Infectious Disease Control, Rwanda. [PDF, 500K]
Health and Development Profiles
CIA World Factbook
Extensive data over a range of fields, including geography, population, government, the economy, the military, and communications.
Population Reference Bureau Country Profile
Key demographic, health, and development indicators, selected reports and articles, and links.
UNICEF Country Tables
Statistics in the areas of population, mortality, general and reproductive health, and education.
WHO Country Profile
Links to tables containing general health indicators, country profiles on specific diseases, and selected health-related documents. Also in Spanish and French.
Surveys and Assessments
Concurrent Sexual Partnerships and HIV Infection: Evidence from National Population-Based Surveys
Mishra V and Bignami-Van Assche S. Demographic and Health Surveys, UNAIDS, March 2009. [PDF, 576K]
The Role of Partner Reduction and Faithfulness in HIV Prevention in Sub-Saharan Africa: Evidence from Cameroon, Rwanda, Uganda, and Zimbabwe
Vinod Mishra, Rathavuth Hong, Simona Bignami-Van Assche, Macro International Inc., January 2009. [PDF, 400K]
DHS HIV/MCH Survey, 2007
Demographic and Health Surveys, National Institute of Statistics of Rwanda, June 2007-September 2007.
Guidelines and Best Practices
National Guidelines for Food and Nutritional Support and Care for People Living with HIV/AIDS in Rwanda
Ministry of Health, Republic of Rwanda, April 2006. [PDF, 640K] See also related Rwandan HIV and Nutrition Wall Chart & Counseling Cards.
Laboratory Standard Operating Procedures for Antiretroviral Treatment Program in Rwanda
Ministry of Health National Reference Laboratory, July 2005. [PDF, 461K]
Policy Reports and Papers
Nutrition Care and Support of People Living with HIV in Countries in Francophone Africa: Progress, Experience, and Lessons Learned
Food and Nutrition Technical Assistance (FANTA-2), UNICEF, USAID, March 2009. [PDF, 674K] In French
HIV/AIDS-Related Stigma, Fear, and Discriminatory Practices among Healthcare Providers in Rwanda
Rachel Jean-Baptiste, Quality Assurance Project, USAID, September 2008. [PDF, 358K]
Rapid Analysis of HIV Epidemiological and Response Data on Vulnerable Populations in the Great Lakes Region of Africa
Great Lakes Initiative on AIDS (GLIA), Global HIV/AIDS Monitoring and Evaluation Team (GAMET), Global HIV/AIDS Program, World Bank, January 2008. [PDF, 3.23MB]
AWARENESS project : Rwanda country report 2002-2007
Institute for Reproductive Health, Georgetown University. USAID. January 2008. [PDF, 462K]
National Strategic Plan on HIV&AIDS 2009-1012
This national strategic plan describes how the unique challenges that HIV and AIDS pose to Rwanda’s economic and social development will be addressed between 2009 and 2012. National AIDS Control Commission, Ministry of Health, Republic of Rwanda, 2008. [PDF, 3.6M]
Rwanda Human Resources Assessment for HIV/AIDS Services Scale-up: Summary Report
Quality Assurance Project, USAID. December 2006. [PDF, 2.9MB]
Delivering Antiretroviral Therapy in Resource-Constrained Settings: Lessons from Ghana, Kenya and Rwanda
Robert Ritzenthaler. Family Health International, August 2005.
Journal Articles
Task shifting for scale-up of HIV care: Evaluation of nurse-centered antiretroviral treatment at rural health centers in Rwanda
Shumbusho F, van Griensven J, Lowrance D. PLoS Med. 2009 Oct;6(10):e1000163. Includes commentary from the UCSF Institute for Global Health.
Universal HIV testing of infants at immunization clinics: an acceptable and feasible approach for early infant diagnosis in high HIV prevalence settings
Rollins N, Mzolo S, Moodley T, Esterhuizen T, van Rooyen H. AIDS. 2009;23:1851-1857. Includes commentary from the UCSF Institute for Global Health.
Breastfeeding with maternal antiretroviral therapy or formula feeding to prevent HIV postnatal mother-to-child transmission in Rwanda
Peltier CA, Ndayisaba GF, Lepage P. AIDS. 2009 Aug 28. Includes commentary from the UCSF Institute for Global Health.
Research Summaries
Factors associated with adherence to antiretroviral therapy in Rwanda - a multi-site study: operations research results
Jean-Baptiste R. Quality Assurance Project, USAID, September 2008. [PDF, 216K]
HIV/AIDS-related stigma, fear, and discriminatory practices among healthcare providers in Rwanda: operations research results
Jean-Baptiste R. Quality Assurance Project, USAID, September 2008. [PDF, 358K]
The Well-Being of Children Affected by HIV/AIDS in Lusaka, Zambia and Gitarama Province, Rwanda: Findings from a Study
Minki Chatterji, Leanne Dougherty, Tom Ventimiglia, Yvonne Mulenga, Andrew Jones, Antoinette Mukaneza, Nancy Murray, Kathy Buek, William Winfrey, Joseph Amon. Pact, April 2005.
National Organizations
Rwanda Ministry of Health
La Commission Nationale de Lutte Contre le SIDA (CNLS)
The National AIDS Control Commission is the government agency responsible for implementation of national HIV/AIDS policies (Francais/English).
Treatment and Research AIDS Center (TRAC)
TRAC promotes research and clinical treatment for HIV/AIDS by providing technical assistance to the public and private sectors. Site contains links to statistical information and antiretroviral treatment centers [PDF, 101K].
International Organizations
Eastern African National Network of AIDS Service Organisations (EANNASO)
Regional umbrella network of HIV and AIDS service organisations covering 14 countries in Eastern Africa focused on strengthening network capacities and improving national responses to HIV/AIDS.
Family Health International (FHI)
FHI develops behavioral and clinical HIV/AIDS prevention interventions, and publishes related studies.
MTCT-Plus Initiative
An HIV/AIDS treatment program coordinated by the Mailman School of Public Health at Columbia University.
Pangaea Global AIDS Foundation
Dedicated to battling the impact of HIV at the international level, particularly in developing nations, by integrating medical and prevention efforts.
USAID Global Health Rwanda
USAID is working to increase health sector resources to confront the HIV/AIDS epidemic. Site links to 2002 program report, HIV/AIDS fact sheet, project profiles, and a directory of HIV/AIDS associations.
U.S.-Sponsored Research and Training Programs
AIDS International Training and Research Program (AITRP)
Trains scientists to address the global HIV/AIDS and related tuberculosis epidemic through research. A program of the Fogarty International Center and National Institutes of Health.
The President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR)
PEPFAR is a five-year initiative intended to combat the global HIV/AIDS pandemic, focusing on fifteen highly affected countries in Africa, South Asia, and the Caribbean.
Conferences and Events
2007 HIV/AIDS Implementers' Meeting
Conference Summary. Kigali, Rwanda, June 16-19, 2007. For additional details, see webcast coverage provided by the Kaiser Family Foundation.