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Home > Countries & Regions > South & Southeast Asia > India
Updated July 2009
HIV/AIDS-Specific Country Profiles
Health and Development Profiles
Guidelines and Best Practices
Surveys and Assessments
Policy Reports and Papers
Journal Articles
Provider Education and Training
Program Management Materials
Patient and Community Education
National Organizations
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Research Institutions
International Organizations
HIV/AIDS Web Sites
Conferences and Events
Other Information Sources
Comprehensive Indicator Report
Quick Links
List of all countries
Indicator Database
Focus on Care and Treatment
HIV/AIDS in India
Population, 20131,276,500,000
People living with HIV/AIDS, 20122,100,000
Women (aged 15+) with HIV/AIDS, 2012750,000
Children with HIV/AIDS, 2012nd
Adult HIV prevalence (%), 20120.3
AIDS deaths, 2012140,000
nd = No data
Source: Population Reference Bureau & UNAIDS
India map
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HIV/AIDS-Specific Country Profiles
PEPFAR Country Profile
A summary of the activities of the U.S. President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) in selected countries.
UNAIDS Country Profile
A brief summary of national socioeconomic conditions in the context of the HIV epidemic, and information (where available) on UNAIDS' country-level activities.
UNGASS 2008 Country Progress Report
Reports progress made in implementing the UN Declaration of Commitment on HIV/AIDS. The report includes summary indicator data through the end of 2007. [PDF, 577K]
UNAIDS/WHO Epidemiological Fact Sheet
Statistics on the prevalence and incidence of HIV/AIDS and other sexually transmitted infections, and discussion of knowledge and behaviors related to HIV transmission. 2008. [PDF, 1.3 MB]
Global Fund Country Programs
Discussion of the national epidemic and description of HIV/AIDS projects supported by the Global Fund, including funding details, planned activities, and expected results.
World Bank Country Brief
An overview of HIV in specific countries, including common risk factors, key challenges to HIV prevention, and both national and World Bank responses. February 2009. [PDF, 120K]
CDC Global AIDS Program Country Profile
An overview of the HIV/AIDS situation in selected countries, description of the Global AIDS Program response, and contacts and links.
USAID HIV/AIDS Country Profile
A description of the HIV/AIDS epidemic in selected countries, the national response, and USAID programs and support. [PDF, 91K]
WHO HIV/AIDS Treatment Scale-Up Summary Country Profile
A summary of current antiretroviral therapy coverage and resource requirements for scaling up treatment in countries receiving support under the WHO's "3 by 5" treatment initiative. 2005. [PDF, 346K]
Health and Development Profiles
CIA World Factbook
Extensive data over a range of fields, including geography, population, government, the economy, the military, and communications.
Population Reference Bureau Country Profile
Key demographic, health, and development indicators, selected reports and articles, and links.
UNICEF Country Tables
Statistics in the areas of population, mortality, general and reproductive health, and education.
WHO Country Profile
Links to tables containing general health indicators, country profiles on specific diseases, and selected health-related documents. Also in Spanish and French.
Guidelines and Best Practices
Guidelines on HIV Testing
National AIDS Control Organisation, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, March 2007
Operational Guidelines for Integrated Counselling and Testing Centres
National AIDS Control Organisation, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, July 2007
Guidelines for Prevention and Management of Common Opportunistic Infections
National AIDS Control Organisation, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, May 2007
Antiretroviral Therapy Guidelines for HIV infected Adults and Adolescents including Post-Exposure Prophylaxis
National AIDS Control Organisation, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, August 2007.
Guidelines for HIV Care and Treatment in Infants and Children
National AIDS Control Organisation, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, November 2006
Surveys and Assessments
Concurrent Sexual Partnerships and HIV Infection: Evidence from National Population-Based Surveys
Mishra V and Bignami-Van Assche S. Demographic and Health Surveys, UNAIDS, March 2009. [PDF, 576K]
HIV/AIDS in India: Survey Results for Country and Eight States
Population Reference Bureau, March 2006.
National Baseline High Risk Groups and Bridge Population Survey (BSS), India 2002: Men Who Have Sex with Men
Indian National AIDS Control Organization, MEASURE DHS, Macro International, March 2002.
Policy Reports and Papers
Rapid Situation Assessment of Drugs and HIV in Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Nepal and Sri Lanka
UNODC South Asia. 2008. [PDF, 1.5MB]
HIV & AIDs and Mobility in South-East Asia: A Rapid Assessment
United Nations Regional Task Force on Mobility and HIV Vulnerability Reduction in South-East Asia and Southern Provinces of China (UNRTF). 2008. [PDF, 2.7MB]
Migration/Mobility and Vulnerability to HIV among Male Migrant Workers
Population Council, 2008. [PDF, 2MB]
Technical Consultation to Review HIV Surveillance in India
WHO Regional Office for South-East Asia, India National AIDS Control Organization. April 2008. [PDF, 233K]
India: Fitting HIV/AIDS into a Public Health Strategy
Teresita C. Schaffer, Pramit Mitra, Vibhuti Hate, and J. Stephen Morrison, Center for Strategic and International Studies, November 20, 2007. [PDF, 968]
Corporate Responses to HIV/AIDS: Case Studies from India
The World Bank. July 2007.
Report Card on HIV Prevention for Girls and Young Women
United Nations Population Fund and the International Planned Parenthood Federation, 2007. [PDF, 223K]
Antiretroviral Drugs for All? Obstacles to Access to HIV/AIDS Treatment - Lessons from Ethiopia, Haiti, India, Nepal and Zambia
The Panos Global AIDS Programme, May 2006.
Reducing AIDS-related Stigma and Discrimination in Indian Hospitals
Vaishali Mahendra, Laelia Gilborn, Bitra George, Luke Samson, Rupa Mudoi, Sarita Jadav, Indrani Gupta, Shalini Bharat, Celine Daly. Horizons Population Council, April 2006. [PDF, 342K]
HIV/AIDS Epidemic in India: Risk Factors, Risk Behaviour and Strategies for Prevention and Control
Sheela Godbole, Sanjay Mehendale. Indian Journal of Medical Research, April 2005. [PDF, 78K]
HIV/AIDS in Karnataka: Situation and Response
Population Foundation of India, Karnataka State AIDS Prevention Society, India-Canada Collaborative HIV/AIDS Project, Population Reference Bureau, December 2004. [PDF, 506K] In English and Hindi.
Growing Up Together: Experiences of Care and Support for Children Affected by HIV/AIDS in India
Alliance India, The International HIV/AIDS Alliance, August 2004. [PDF, 452K]
Treating HIV/AIDS Patients in India with Antiretroviral Therapy: A Management Challenge
Ramesh Bhat, Sunil Kumar Maheshwari, Somen Saha. Indian Institute of Management, June 2004. [PDF, 250K]
HIV/AIDS Treatment and Prevention in India: Modeling the Costs and Consequences
Mead Over, Peter Heywood, Julian Gold, Indrani Gupta, Subhash Hira, Elliot Marseille. Human Development Network, World Bank, June 2004. [PDF, 469K] See also Integrating HIV Prevention and Antiretroviral Therapy in India: Costs and Consequences of Policy Options. [PowerPoint, 759K]
Moving Forward: A Report on Pioneering Responses to Children Affected by HIV/AIDS in Andhra Pradesh, India
Vasavya Mahila Mandali. International HIV/AIDS Alliance, March 2004. [PDF, 410K]
Risk, Morality, and Blame: A Critical Analysis of Government and U.S. Donor Responses to HIV Infections Among Sex Workers in India
Center for Health and Gender Equity (CHANGE), January 2004. [PDF, 431K]
The Effect of a Livelihoods Intervention in an Urban Slum in India: Do Vocational Counseling and Training Alter the Attitudes and Behavior of Adolescent Girls?
Barbara S. Mensch, Monica J. Grant, Mary P. Sebastian, Paul C. Hewett, Dale Huntington. Population Council, 2004. [PDF, 531K]
An Action Plan for Blood Safety
National AIDS Control Organisation, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, August 2007.
The Involvement of People Living with HIV/AIDS in Community-Based Prevention, Care and Support Programs in Developing Countries: A Multi-Country Diagnostic Study
Christophe Cornu, Kathy Attawell. Population Council, International HIV/AIDS Alliance, July 2003. [PDF, 1.2MB]
The Saadhan Helpline: HIV/AIDS Information and Counseling in Mumbai-A Case Study
Population Services International India, June 2003. [PDF, 942K]
"Without My Consent" - Women and HIV-Related Stigma in India
Ann Ninan. Population Reference Bureau, March 2003.
India: HIV and AIDS-Related Discrimination, Stigmatization and Denial
UNAIDS, 2001. [PDF, 306K]
Female Sex Worker HIV Prevention Projects: Lessons Learnt from Papua New Guinea, India and Bangladesh
UNAIDS, November 2000. [PDF, 921K]
Journal Articles
Emerging results from a scaled HIV prevention program–Avahan, the India AIDS Initiative
Sex Transm Infect. 2010 Feb;86 (Suppl1).
Declines in risk behaviour and sexually transmitted infection prevalence following a community-led HIV preventive intervention among female sex workers in Mysore, India
Reza-Paul S, Beattie T, Syed HUR, et al. AIDS. 2008;22 (suppl);S91-S100. Includes commentary from the UCSF Institute for Global Health.
A situation update on HIV epidemics among people who inject drugs and national responses in South-East Asia Region.
Sharma M, Oppenheimer E, Saidel T, Loo V, Garg R. AIDS. 2009 Jul 17;23(11):1405-13.
A longitudinal quality-of-life study of HIV-infected persons in South India: The case for comprehensive clinical care and support services
Suniti S, Batavia A, Venkatesh KK, et al. AIDS Education and Prevention. 2009;21(2): 104–112
Tackling HIV In India: evidence-based priority setting and programming
Claeson M, and Alexander A. Health Affairs. 2008 August; 27(4):1091-1102. [PDF, 451K]
Low utilization of HIV testing during pregnancy: What are the barriers to HIV testing for women in rural India?
Sinha G, Dyalchand A, Khale M, Kulkarni G, et al . J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr . 2008 Feb 01; 47(2):567-75.
Prevalence and determinants of HIV and sexually transmitted infections in a general population-based sample in Mysore district, Karnataka state, southern India
Munro HL, Pradeep BS, Jayachandran AA, et al. AIDS. 2008 Dec;22 Suppl 5:S117-25.
Risk factors associated with HIV in a population-based study in Andhra Pradesh state of India.
Dandona L, Dandona R, Kumar GA, et al. Int J Epidemiol. 2008 Dec;37(6):1274-86.
Clinical impact and cost-effectiveness of antiretroviral therapy in India: starting criteria and second-line therapy
Freedberg KA, Kumarasamy N, Losina E, Cecelia AJ, Scott CA, Divi N, et al. AIDS 2007 Jul;21 Suppl 4:S117-28. Includes commentary from the UCSF Institute for Global Health.
A Population-Based Study of Human Immunodeficiency Virus in South India Reveals Major Differences from Sentinel Surveillance-Based Estimates
Dandona L, Lakshmi V, Sudha T, Kumar GA, Dandona R. BMC Medicine. Dec 2006;4:31.
Routes of HIV Transmission in India: Assessing the Reliability of Information from AIDS Case Surveillance
Correa M, Gisselquist D. Int J STD AIDS. 2006 Nov;17(11):731-5.
Containing HIV/AIDS in India: The Unfinished Agenda
Chandrasekaran P, Dallabetta G, Loo V, Rao S, Gayle H, Alexander A. Lancet Infect Dis. 2006 Aug;6(8):508-21. (Full text is available with registration)
Provider Education and Training
Manual on Quality Standards for HIV Testing Laboratories
National AIDS Control Organisation, June 2007
Program Management Materials
Core Indicators for Monitoring & Evaluation
National AIDS Control Organisation, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, India, September 2007
HIV Counselling Training Modules -- Facilitator Guide
National AIDS Control Organisation, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, India, October 2007
Enhancing the Greater Involvement of People Living with HIV/AIDS (GIPA) in NGOs/CBOs in India
International HIV/AIDS Alliance, August 2006. [PDF, 1.7MB]
Let's Create a Rainbow: Guidelines for Communities Working with Orphans and Vulnerable Children
International HIV/AIDS Alliance, Centre for Health Education, Training and Nutrition Awareness, February 2005. In Hindi.
Patient and Community Education
Sakhi Saheli: Promoting Gender Equality and Empowering Young Women Training Manual
Population Council, Horizons, Committee of Resource Organizations For Literacy, Instituto Promundo. 2008.
Prevention is Better Than no Cure: Health Education Animation
A web-based animation made for an Indian audience, focusing on culturally-appropriate review of HIV biology and prevention. School of Education at Stanford University. February 2008. More products are available at
The Power to Change: Building Advocacy Capacity for India's HIV/AIDS Response
Avahan, The Futures Group, October 2007.
Sexual and Reproductive Health and HIV/AIDS - A Flip Book
India HIV/AIDS Alliance, September 2006. Available in English, Hindi, Manipuri, Punjabi, Tamil, and Telugu.
National Organizations
India's National AIDS Control Organisation (NACO)
NACO is the central organization for formulation of policy and implementation of programs for prevention and control of HIV/AIDS in India. This site contains HIV/AIDS guidelines, policies, overviews of NACO programs, and lists of related sites.
Ministry of Health and Family Welfare
Tambaram Sanatorium, Government Hospital of Thoracic Medicine
Originally a private tuberculosis sanatorium, the Government Hospital of Thoracic Medicine is now the largest HIV care and training center in India.
The Pediatric Center at Tambaram Hospital
The Pediatric Center is a long-term effort to support social work and improve infrastructure and clinical care in the pediatric ward at Tambaram.
Tuberculosis Control - India
Directorate General of Health Services, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare. Implements Directly Observed Treatment, Short-course as part of a strategy for TB control throughout India.
AIDS Prevention and Control Project
A collaboration between Chennai Voluntary Health Services, USAID, and the Indian Government, this organization works to reduce the sexual transmission of HIV, build capacity of NGOs involved in AIDS prevention activities, increase access to condoms and quality STD care services, and build political support for AIDS prevention and care programs.
Freedom Foundation
Organization opened the first rehabilitation Centre for HIV in India, which has since been used as a model. Site details the history of HIV/AIDS in India.
Heroes Project
Partners with media organizations to create ad campaigns that educate the public about HIV and combat stigma.
India Network of People Living with HIV/AIDS (INP+)
INP+ aims to improve the quality of life for people living with HIV/AIDS in India .
Interventions for Sexual Health Project
Sponsored by the Indian Medical Association, Munnar Branch.
Lawyers Collective HIV/AIDS Unit
Provides free legal services to persons living with or affected by HIV/AIDS and conducts policy research on legal and human rights issues related to HIV/AIDS.
Positive Women Network
Provides counseling, advocacy, and support for women living with HIV and their families.
A nongovernmental organization that carries out information dissemination, advocacy, networking, research, capacity building, care, support and treatment services. See also the SAATHI list serv.
Tamil Nadu State AIDS Control Society
Implements HIV/AIDS prevention and control activities in the state of Tamil Nadu.
Thoughtshop Foundation
Organization provides counselling services and develops multi-media HIV/AIDS prevention materials. Site details projects and campaigns.
West Bengal Voluntary Health Association
In collaboration with local NGOs and the national government, this organization provides support services for community health programs throughout West Bengal. Site offers directory of affiliated NGOs and their respective projects.
Y.R. Gaitonde Centre for AIDS Research and Education (YRG CARE)
Organization supports HIV/AIDS education, research, and training, while also providing non-coercive, non-stigmatized counseling and testing. Site links to related publications, projects, and help line.
Research Institutions
AIDS Research and Control Center (ARCON)
An autonomous Institute of the Government of Maharashtra & the University of Texas - Houston, United States. ACORN supports HIV/AIDS prevention and treatment research; and supports VCT centers in Mumbai.
Indian Council of Medical Research
Includes the National AIDS Research Institute.
University of Kerala
This umbrella institution has 81 affiliated schools, including multiple Medical, and Teachers and Training Colleges. Site features links to publications.
International Organizations HIV and AIDS in India
Based in the UK, AVERT provides HIV/AIDS prevention and treatment services in countries with a high, or rapidly growing rate of infection. Site discusses national epidemic, features HIV/AIDS statistics, youth information, and numerous other resources.
Family Health International (FHI)
FHI develops behavioral and clinical HIV/AIDS prevention interventions, and publishes related studies.
Population Communications International (PCI)
PCI produces culturally-sensitive radio and television soap operas, which promote sexual health, HIV/AIDS prevention, and gender equality.
HIV/AIDS Web Sites
Health and Development Initiative
Based in Amritsar, India. Resources on HIV/AIDS and tuberculosis include training tools and online courses.
Conferences and Events
Risks and Responsibilities
Male Sexual Health and HIV in Asia and the Pacific - International Consultation. New Delhi, India, September 23-26, 2006.
HIV Clinical Workshop, Johns Hopkins Center for Clinical Global Health Education
Pune, India, April 5, 2005.
Other Information Sources
AIDS-India eForum
An HIV/AIDS online discussion group.