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Home > Countries & Regions > Latin America > Brazil
Updated July 2009
HIV/AIDS-Specific Country Profiles
Health and Development Profiles
Guidelines and Best Practices
Policy Reports and Papers
Journal Articles
Research Summaries
Provider Education and Training
Patient and Community Education
National Organizations
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HIV/AIDS Web Sites
Comprehensive Indicator Report
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List of all countries
Indicator Database
Focus on Care and Treatment
HIV/AIDS in Brazil
Population, 2013195,500,000
People living with HIV/AIDS, 2012nd
Women (aged 15+) with HIV/AIDS, 2012nd
Children with HIV/AIDS, 2012nd
Adult HIV prevalence (%), 2012nd
AIDS deaths, 2012nd
nd = No data
Source: Population Reference Bureau & UNAIDS
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These pages will be updated regularly. To suggest a document for inclusion on this page, please send an email to

HIV/AIDS-Specific Country Profiles
UNAIDS Country Profile
A brief summary of national socioeconomic conditions in the context of the HIV epidemic, and information (where available) on UNAIDS' country-level activities.
UNGASS 2008 Country Progress Report
Reports progress made in implementing the UN Declaration of Commitment on HIV/AIDS. The report includes summary indicator data through the end of 2007. [PDF, 2MB]
UNAIDS/WHO Epidemiological Fact Sheet
Statistics on the prevalence and incidence of HIV/AIDS and other sexually transmitted infections, and discussion of knowledge and behaviors related to HIV transmission. 2008. [PDF, 1 MB]
Epidemiological Bulletin: AIDS & STDs
Brazilian statistics on the regional prevalence and incidence of HIV/AIDS other sexually transmitted infections. [PDF, 732K] Also in Portuguese
Global Fund Country Programs
Discussion of the national epidemic and description of HIV/AIDS projects supported by the Global Fund, including funding details, planned activities, and expected results.
CDC Global AIDS Program Country Profile
An overview of the HIV/AIDS situation in selected countries, description of the Global AIDS Program response, and contacts and links.
HIV/AIDS in Brazil
Oliver Bacon, Maria Lúcia Pecoraro, Jane Galvão, Kimberly Page-Shafer. Country AIDS Policy Analysis Project, AIDS Policy Research Center, University of California San Francisco, August 2004.
USAID HIV/AIDS Country Profile
A description of the HIV/AIDS epidemic in selected countries, the national response, and USAID programs and support. [PDF, 516K]
Health and Development Profiles
CIA World Factbook
Extensive data over a range of fields, including geography, population, government, the economy, the military, and communications.
Pan American Health Organization Country Health Profile
Contains indicators from PAHO's Core Health Data System, and a summary of the national health situation and trends. Also in Spanish.
Population Reference Bureau Country Profile
Key demographic, health, and development indicators, selected reports and articles, and links.
UNICEF Country Tables
Statistics in the areas of population, mortality, general and reproductive health, and education.
WHO Country Profile
Links to tables containing general health indicators, country profiles on specific diseases, and selected health-related documents. Also in Spanish and French.
Guidelines and Best Practices
Guia de Tratamento Clínico da Infecção pelo HIV em Crianças - 2006
Programa Nacional de DST e AIDS, Ministério da Saúde, 2006. [PDF, 2.2MB]
Recomendações para Profilaxia da Transmissão Vertical do HIV e Terapia Anti-retroviral em Gestantes - 2006
Coordenaçäo Nacional de DST/AIDS, Ministério da Saúde, 2006. [PDF, 853K]
Recomendações para Terapia Antiretroviral em Crianç e o Adolescentes Infectados pelo HIV
Programa Nacional de DST e AIDS, Ministério da Saúde, 2009. [PDF, 2.3MB]
Recomendações para Terapia Antiretroviral em Adultos Infectados Pelo HIV
Programa Nacional de DST e AIDS, Ministério da Saúde, 2008. [PDF, 340K]
Recomendações para Tratamento das Principais Doenças Oportunistas em Pacientes Adolescentes e Adultos Infectados pelo HIV ou com AIDS
Coordenaçäo Nacional de DST/AIDS, Ministério da Saúde, 2006. [PDF, 191K]
Critérios de Definição de Casos de AIDS em Adultos e Crianças
Programa Nacional de DST e AIDS, Ministério da Saúde, 2004. [PDF, 665K]
Recomendações para Imunização de Pessoas Infectadas pelo HIV
Coordenaçäo Nacional de DST e AIDS, n.d.
Policy Reports and Papers
Youth Risk-Taking Behavior in Brazil: Drug Use and Teenage Pregnancy
Ana Rute Cardoso & Dorte Verner, The World Bank, March 2008. [PDF, 93K].
Promoting More Gender-Equitable Norms and Behaviors Among Young Men as an HIV/AIDS Prevention Strategy
Horizons/Population Council, February 2006. [PDF, 377K]
Promoting Healthy Relationships and HIV/STI Prevention for Young Men: Positive Findings from an Intervention Study in Brazil
Horizons/Population Council, April 2004. [PDF, 147K]
Aconselhamento em DST/HIV/Aids para a Atenção Básica
Programa Nacional de DST e Aids, 2003. [PDF 228K]
Guia de Prevenção das DST/Aids e Cidadania para Homossexuais
Ministério da Saúde, Setembro 2002. [PDF, 749K]
Essential Medicines and AIDS Care in Brazil: Recent Lessons Learnt
Jorge Bermudez, Maria Auxiliadora Oliveira. UNAIDS, 2002. [PDF, 390K]
Journal Articles
Temporal changes in causes of death among HIV-infected patients in the HAART era in Rio de Janeiro, Brazi
Pacheco AG, Tuboi SH, May SB, et al. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2009 Aug;51(5):624-30. Includes commentary from the UCSF Institute for Global Health.
Evolution of antiretroviral drug costs in Brazil in the context of free and universal access to AIDS treatment
Nunn AS, Fonseca EM, Bastos FI, Gruskin S, Salomon JA. PLoS Medicine. 2007, Nov; 4(11) 1804-1817.
Gender, Human Rights and Socioeconomic Impact of AIDS in Brazil
de Oliveira RM. Rev Saude Publica; 2006 Apr;40 Suppl:80-7. [PDF, 46K]
A Critical Analysis of the Brazilian Response to HIV/AIDS: Lessons Learned for Controlling and Mitigating the Epidemic in Developing Countries
Berkman A, Garcia J, Munoz-Laboy M, Paiva V, Parker R. Am J Public Health. 2005 Jul;95(7):1162-72.
Research Summaries
Addressing the HIV Prevention, Testing, and Treatment Needs of Mobile Populations: Focus on Truckers in Brazil
Horizons/Population Council, October 2006. [PDF, 849K]
Provider Education and Training
Handbook of Adherence to Treatment for People Living with HIV and AIDS
Department of Surveillance , National STD and AIDS Programme, Brazil Ministry of Health, 2008. [PDF, 327K]
Clinical Feeding and Nutritional Manual for Use in the Care of HIV-Infected Adults
Department of Surveillance, National STD and AIDS Programme, Brazil Ministry of Health, 2007. [PDF, 549K]
Manual para o Acompanhamento da Criança Infectada pelo HIV [Manual for Caring for Children living with HIV/AIDS]
Instituto de Puericultura e Pediatria Martagao Gesteira. Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, 2004. [PDF, 765K] This manual has information on PMTCT, HIV diagnosis, treatment of HIV, and follow-up care of HIV and its complications. In Portuguese.
Patient and Community Education
Cuidando de Alguém com AIDS
Programa Nacional de DST e AIDS, Ministério da Saúde, 1999. [PDF, 351K]
Alimentação e Nutrição para Pessoas que Vivem com HIV e Aids
Ministério da Saúde, 2006. [PDF, 758]
Cuidando da Minha Criança com Aids
An educational website with answers to basic questions about HIV and AIDS (in Portuguese).
National Organizations
Coordenação Nacional de DST e Aids
Government of Brazil National AIDS and STD Program. A Portuguese-language site.
MONITORAIDS: Brazilian STD/HIV Program Indicator Monitoring System
Site provides HIV/STD indicators in English and Portuguese.
Oswaldo Cruz Foundation (FIOCRUZ)
In partnership with the Brazilian Ministry of Health, FIOCRUZ conducts HIV/AIDS research and training, designs public health initiatives, distributes information, vaccines and drugs. A Portuguese-language site.
Agências de Noticias da AIDS
As part of Brazil's program to combat HIV/AIDS, this organization helps coordinate projects and align them with international initiatives. This Portuguese-language site features news releases, an electronic HIV/AIDS library, and an index of Brazilian NGOs.
Associação Brazileira Interdisciplinar de AIDS (ABIA)
ABIA informs public health policy and provides HIV/AIDS prevention, treatment and assistance services. This Portuguese- language site features project descriptions and numerous related links.
A local generic drug company which supplies 40% of the antiretrovirals used in the country's HIV/AIDS treatment program. Its generic zidovine, didanosine, lamivudine, zidovudine+lamivudine, and zalcitabine have been approved in bioequivalence tests. Generic indinavir and nevirapine are in the pipeline.
Grupo Pela Vidda
An umbrella organization comprised of nongovernmental, public and private organizations dedicated to HIV/AIDS support. Provides counseling, advocacy, and outreach services.
HIV/AIDS Web Sites
Forum Científico HIV/AIDS
Portuguese-language site with an "Ask the Experts" section for patients and health-care professionals. A project of Sociedade Viva Cazuza.
Testes para Vacinas Anti-HIV
Portuguese-language web site provides information about HIV vaccines for the general public, and offers volunteers the opportunity to sign up for vaccine trials at the University of São Paulo, Brazil.