|People living with HIV/AIDS, 2009||770,000|
|Women (aged 15+) with HIV/AIDS, 2009||220,000|
|Children with HIV/AIDS, 2009||8,000|
|Adult HIV prevalence (%), 2009||0.1|
|AIDS deaths, 2009||36,000|
nd = No data
Population Reference Bureau &
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| Regional Overview|
Abstracted from the 2010 Report on the Global AIDS Epidemic, UNAIDS, November 2010.
| Epidemiology and Trends|
The Asian epidemic is largely stable. In all of Asia, including Southern Asia, an estimated 4.9 million [4.5 million-5.5 million] people were living with HIV in 2009, about the same as five years earlier. Most national HIV epidemics appear to have stabilized. No country in the region has a generalized epidemic. Thailand is the only country in this region in which the prevalence is close to 1%, and its epidemic appears to be stable overall. A resurgent epidemic in the late 1990s (when up to 60,000 people were becoming newly infected annually) has since receded. The adult HIV prevalence was 1.3% [0.8%-1.4%] in 2009, and the HIV incidence had slowed to 0.1%.
There were 360,000 [300,000-430,000] people newly infected with HIV in 2009, 20% lower than the 450,000 [410,000-500,000] in 2001. Incidence fell by more than 25% in Nepal between 2001 and 2009.
Epidemic patterns vary between and within countries. The overall trends in this region hide important variation in the epidemics, both between and within countries. In most of them, the epidemics appear stable. In many countries in the region, national epidemics are concentrated in a relatively small number of provinces. In China, five provinces account for just over half (53%) of the people living with HIV. Asia's epidemics remain concentrated largely among people who inject drugs, sex workers and their clients, and men who have sex with men. Incidence patterns can vary considerably in large countries.
| Health and Development Profiles|
| Guidelines and Best Practices|
| Policy Reports and Papers|
| International Organizations|
| HIV/AIDS Web Sites|
|Adolescent Reproductive and Sexual Health (ARSH)|
UNESCO, UNFPA. The site contains searchable databases of information on current adolescent reporductive health programs in the Asia/Pacific region; as well as news updates, reports, guidelines, tools and demographic profiles for selected countries.
A web-based database of current Asia Pacific HIV/AIDS policies and analyses, for use by policy-makers, practitioners, fieldworkers and researchers.
| Conferences and Events|
| News Sources and Periodicals|
Includes comprehensive links to other regional and country media.
| Other Information Sources|
| Asia-Pacific Treatment Access|
A discussion list serv created for the Asia-Pacific participants of the International Treatment Preparedness Summit that took place in Cape Town, South Africa 13-16 March 2003. The group aims to increase access to HIV/AIDS treatment in the Asia and Pacific region.
|Evidence to Action Data Hub|
Website intended to strengthen evidence-based action towards universal access to HIV and AIDS prevention, treatment, and care in the Asia-Pacific region.