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Home > Countries and Regions > East Asia
Updated June 2011
Regional Overview
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Epidemiology and Trends
Health and Development Profiles
Guidelines and Best Practices
Policy Reports and Papers
International Organizations
HIV/AIDS Web Sites
Conferences and Events
News Sources and Periodicals
Other Information Sources
Comprehensive Indicator Report
Focus on Care and Treatment
Country Profiles
Democratic People's Republic of Korea
Hong Kong
Republic of Korea
HIV/AIDS in East Asia
Population, 20131,594,000,000
People living with HIV/AIDS, 2012880,000
Women (aged 15+) with HIV/AIDS, 2012250,000
Children with HIV/AIDS, 20128,200
Adult HIV prevalence (%), 2012<0.1
AIDS deaths, 201241,000
nd = No data
Source: Population Reference Bureau & UNAIDS
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Regional Overview

Abstracted from the 2010 Report on the Global AIDS Epidemic, UNAIDS, November 2010.

Epidemiology and Trends

The Asian epidemic is largely stable. In all of Asia, including Southern Asia, an estimated 4.9 million [4.5 million-5.5 million] people were living with HIV in 2009, about the same as five years earlier. Most national HIV epidemics appear to have stabilized. No country in the region has a generalized epidemic. Thailand is the only country in this region in which the prevalence is close to 1%, and its epidemic appears to be stable overall. A resurgent epidemic in the late 1990s (when up to 60,000 people were becoming newly infected annually) has since receded. The adult HIV prevalence was 1.3% [0.8%-1.4%] in 2009, and the HIV incidence had slowed to 0.1%.

There were 360,000 [300,000-430,000] people newly infected with HIV in 2009, 20% lower than the 450,000 [410,000-500,000] in 2001. Incidence fell by more than 25% in Nepal between 2001 and 2009.

Epidemic patterns vary between and within countries. The overall trends in this region hide important variation in the epidemics, both between and within countries. In most of them, the epidemics appear stable. In many countries in the region, national epidemics are concentrated in a relatively small number of provinces. In China, five provinces account for just over half (53%) of the people living with HIV. Asia's epidemics remain concentrated largely among people who inject drugs, sex workers and their clients, and men who have sex with men. Incidence patterns can vary considerably in large countries.

Health and Development Profiles
AIDS Epidemic Update Regional Summary - Asia
UNAIDS, April 16, 2008. [PDF, 435K] Also in Spanish, French, and Russian.
Fact Sheet: AIDS Epidemic in Asia
UNAIDS, December 2006. [PDF, 51K] Also in Spanish, French, and Russian.
HIV/AIDS in Asia and the Pacific Region 2003
World Health Organization, 2004. [PDF, 1.4MB]
Guidelines and Best Practices
HIV/AIDS Care and Treatment for People Who Inject Drugs in Asia and the Pacific - An Essential Practice Guide
World Health Organization South-East Asia and Western Pacific Regions, 2008. [PDF, 1.9MB]
Prevention of Mother-to-Child Transmission of HIV in Asia: Practical Guidance for Programs
Elizabeth A. Preble, Ellen G. Piwoz. Linkages, June 2002. [PDF, 615K]
Policy Reports and Papers
HIV Transmission in Intimate Partner Relationships in Asia
Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS, UNAIDS, August 2009. [PDF, 785K]
HIV Vulnerabilities Faced by Women Migrants: from Asia to the Arab States
UNDP Regional Centre in Colombo. October 2008. [PDF, 2MB]
Asia-Pacific Operational Framework for Linking HIV/STI Services with Reproductive, Adolescent, Maternal, Newborn, and Child Health Services
World Health Organization, 2008. [PDF, 1.7MB]
Redefining AIDS in Asia: Crafting an Effective Response
UNAIDS, Unite for Children (UNICEF), United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), 2008. [PDF, 1.6MB]
HIV and Men who have Sex with Men in Asia and the Pacific
UNAIDS, September 2006. [PDF, 1.1MB]
Male-Male Sex and HIV/AIDS in Asia
Monitoring the AIDS Pandemic Network, July 2005. [PDF 1.9MB] See also Drug Injection and HIV/AIDS in Asia and Sex Work and HIV/AIDS in Asia.
A Scaled-Up Response to AIDS in Asia and the Pacific
UNAIDS, June 2005. [PDF, 2.8MB]
Addressing HIV/AIDS in East Asia and the Pacific
World Bank, 2004. [PDF, 2.2MB]
International Organizations
Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria
Site includes summary of regional HIV/AIDS programs supported by the Global Fund.
World Bank Asia Country Briefs: East Asia and the Pacific
HIV/AIDS Web Sites
Asia Pacific Council of AIDS Service Organisations
Adolescent Reproductive and Sexual Health (ARSH)
UNESCO, UNFPA. The site contains searchable databases of information on current adolescent reporductive health programs in the Asia/Pacific region; as well as news updates, reports, guidelines, tools and demographic profiles for selected countries.
Asia Pacific Network of People Living with HIV/AIDS (APN+)
A web-based database of current Asia Pacific HIV/AIDS policies and analyses, for use by policy-makers, practitioners, fieldworkers and researchers.
Conferences and Events
Asia Pacific Conference on Reproductive and Sexual Health
Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, November 17-21, 2005.
Seventh International Congress on AIDS in Asia and the Pacific
Kobe, Japan, July 1-5, 2005.
News Sources and Periodicals
Asia Observer
Includes comprehensive links to other regional and country media.
Asia Times Online
Asia Today: Social Issues
AIDS-related stories tend to fall under Social Issues; can also search by subregion and other topics. From AsiaSource, a resource of the Asia Society. Free email subscription.
Other Information Sources
Asia-Pacific Treatment Access
A discussion list serv created for the Asia-Pacific participants of the International Treatment Preparedness Summit that took place in Cape Town, South Africa 13-16 March 2003. The group aims to increase access to HIV/AIDS treatment in the Asia and Pacific region.
Evidence to Action Data Hub
Website intended to strengthen evidence-based action towards universal access to HIV and AIDS prevention, treatment, and care in the Asia-Pacific region.