|People living with HIV/AIDS, 2012||250,000|
|Women (aged 15+) with HIV/AIDS, 2012||120,000|
|Children with HIV/AIDS, 2012||16,000|
|Adult HIV prevalence (%), 2012||1|
|AIDS deaths, 2012||11,000|
nd = No data
Population Reference Bureau &
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| Regional Overview|
Abstracted from the 2010 Report on the Global AIDS Epidemic, UNAIDS, November 2010..
| Epidemiology and Trends|
The HIV prevalence among adults in the Caribbean is about 1.0% [0.9%-1.1%],
which is higher than in other all regions outside sub-Saharan Africa. However, the number of people living with HIV in the
Caribbean is relatively small - 240,000 [220,000-270 000] in 2009 - and has
varied little since the late 1990s. The burden of HIV varies considerably between and within countries. The
exceptionally low HIV prevalence in Cuba (0.1% [0.08%-0.13%]) contrasts, for
example, with a 3.1% [1.2%-5.4%] adult HIV prevalence in the Bahamas.
Meanwhile, 12% of pregnant women using antenatal facilities in one of Haiti's
cities have tested HIV-positive, compared with less than 1% in the west of the
country. In the neighbouring Dominican Republic, HIV infection levels
also vary considerably, with HIV prevalence among communities near sugar
plantations (the bateyes) about four times higher than the national average.
New infections have slightly declined between 2001 and 2009. An estimated
17,000 [13,000-21,000] people became newly infected with HIV in 2009, about
3000 less than the 20 000 [17,000-23,000] in 2001.
Unprotected sex between men and women - especially paid sex - is believed to be the main mode of HIV transmission in this region. The Caribbean remains the only region, besides sub-Saharan Africa, where women and girls
out number men and boys among people living with HIV. In 2009, an estimated 53% of people with HIV were female. High infection levels have been found among female sex workers, including 4% in the Dominican Republic, 9% in Jamaica, and 27% in Guyana. Most countries in the region have focused their HIV prevention efforts on
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