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Epidemiology and HIV Transmission in Injection Drug Users: Related Resources
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Journal Articles
HIV-Associated Behaviors among Injecting-Drug Users
23 Cities, U.S., May 2005--February 2006. April 10, 2009. MMWR. 58(13);329-332.
Global epidemiology of injecting drug use and HIV among people who inject drugs: a systematic review
Mathers BM, Degenhardt L, Phillips B, et al, 2007 Reference Group to the UN on HIV and Injecting Drug Use. Lancet. 2008 Nov 15;372(9651):1733-45.
A rapid situation and response assessment of the female regular sex partners of male drug users in South Asia: Factors associated with condom use during the last sexual intercourse
Kumar MS, Virk HK, Chaudhuri A, Mittal A, Lewis G. Int J Drug Policy. 2008;19:148-58. Includes commentary from the UCSF Institute for Global Health.
Peer-driven HIV interventions for drug injectors in Russia: first year impact results of a field experiment
Broadheada RS, Volkanevsky VL, Rydanovab T, Ryabkovab M, Borcha C, van Hulsta Y, Fullertona A, Sergeyevc B, Heckathornd DD. Intrnl Jrnl Drug Policy. 2006 Sept;17(5):379-92. Includes commentary from the UCSF Institute for Global Health.
Behavioral HIV risk reduction among people who inject drugs: meta-analytic evidence of efficacy
Copenhaver MM, Johnson BT, Lee IC, Harman JJ, Carey MP; SHARP Research Team. J Subst Abuse Treat. 2006 Sep;31(2):163-71. Includes commentary from the UCSF Institute for Global Health.
Do supervised injecting facilities attract higher-risk injection drug users?
Wood E, Tyndall MW, Li K, Lloyd-Smith E, Small W, Montaner JS, Kerr T. Am J Prev Med. 2005 Aug;29(2):126-130.
Update: Syringe Exchange Programs--United States, 2002
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, MMWR 2005;54(27):673-676.
Guidelines and Best Practices
Medical Care of HIV-Infected Substance-Using Women
New York State Department of Health AIDS Institute, February 2009
Policy Reports, Papers, and Briefs
Evidence for Action for HIV Prevention, Treatment and Care among Injecting Drug Users
WHO, December 14, 2005. [PDF, 1.8MB]
"Flashblood" and HIV Risk among IDUs in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
Sheryl A. McCurdy. BMJ, August 25, 2005.
Evidence for Action on HIV/AIDS and Injecting Drug Use: 5 Policy Briefs
WHO, June 2005. In English and Russian.
Policy and Programming Guide for HIV/AIDS Prevention and Care among Injecting Drug Users
WHO, March 14, 2005.
Effectiveness of Drug Dependence Treatment in Preventing HIV Among Injecting Drug Users
WHO, March 2005. [PDF, 156K]
An Open Letter to the Delegates of the 48th Session of the Commission on Narcotic Drugs (CND)
Human Rights Watch, March 2005.
Evidence for Action: Effectiveness of Community-Based Outreach in Preventing HIV/AIDS Among Injecting Drug Users
WHO, April 2004. [PDF, 325K]
Effectiveness of Sterile Needle and Syringe Programming in Reducing HIV/AIDS Among Injecting Drug Users
WHO, 2004. [PDF, 342K]
Unintended Consequences: Drug Policies Fuel the HIV Epidemic in Russia and Ukraine
Kasia Malinowska-Sempruch, Jeff Hoover, Anna Alexandrova. International Harm Reduction Development, Open Society Institute, April 2003. [PDF, 158K]
Drug Abuse and HIV/AIDS: Lessons Learned
UNAIDS, UN Office for Drug Control and Crime Prevention, April 2001. [PDF, 958K] A case studies booklet from Central and Eastern Europe and the Central Asian States.
Does HIV Needle Exchange Work?
Peter Lurie, Pamela DeCarlo. Center for AIDS Prevention Studies (CAPS), University of California San Francisco, December 1998.
Provider Education and Training
Training Guide for HIV Prevention Outreach to Injecting Drug Users: Workshop Manual
Dave Burrows. WHO, 2003. [PDF, 630K]
H is for Heroin
Harm Reduction Coalition, 2001. [PDF, 4.3MB]
Getting Off Right: A Safety Manual for Injection Drug Users
Rod Sorge, Sara Kershnar. Harm Reduction Coalition, 1998. [PDF, 2.8MB]
Program Management Materials
Starting and Managing Needle and Syringe Programs: A Guide for Central and Eastern Europe and the Newly Independent States of the Former Soviet Union
Dave Burrows, International Harm Reduction Development (IHRD), 2000. [PDF, 549K]
The Rapid Assessment and Response Guide on Injecting Drug Use
Gerry V. Stimson, Chris Fitch, Tim Rhodes. WHO Substance Abuse Department, May 1998. [PDF, 901K] Draft document for field testing.
Canadian Harm Reduction Network
The network for individuals and organizations across Canada dedicated to reducing the social, health, and economic harms associated with drugs and drug policies.
Burnet Institute
Australian organization that addresses some harm reduction topics as part of their international health work, focusing on the prevention of HIV/AIDS and Hepatitis C among injecting drug users.
Harm Reduction Coalition
(HRC) Committed to reducing drug-related harm among individuals and communities by initiating and promoting local, regional, and national harm reduction education, interventions, and community organizing.
International Harm Reduction Association
An international professional association for individuals and associations concerned with the development of drug policies to reduce the harmful consequences of drug use.
International Harm Reduction Development Program
(IHRD) A project of the Open Society Institute, IHRD's mission is to diminish the individual and social harms associated with drug use--particularly the risk of HIV infection--through innovative measures based on the philosophy of harm reduction. IHRD currently supports more than 180 projects in over 20 countries in Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union.
Site includes materials designed to help drug users reduce the risks related to their drug use, and to help those working or living with them to give better advice.