| Related Countries and Regions Pages|
| Journal Articles|
|HIV-Associated Behaviors among Injecting-Drug Users|
23 Cities, U.S., May 2005--February 2006. April 10, 2009. MMWR. 58(13);329-332.
|Global epidemiology of injecting drug use and HIV among people who inject drugs: a systematic review|
Mathers BM, Degenhardt L, Phillips B, et al, 2007 Reference Group to the UN on HIV and Injecting Drug Use. Lancet. 2008 Nov 15;372(9651):1733-45.
|A rapid situation and response assessment of the female regular sex partners of male drug users in South Asia: Factors associated with condom use during the last sexual intercourse|
Kumar MS, Virk HK, Chaudhuri A, Mittal A, Lewis G. Int J Drug Policy. 2008;19:148-58. Includes commentary from the UCSF Institute for Global Health.
|Peer-driven HIV interventions for drug injectors in Russia: first year impact results of a field experiment|
Broadheada RS, Volkanevsky VL, Rydanovab T, Ryabkovab M, Borcha C, van Hulsta Y, Fullertona A, Sergeyevc B, Heckathornd DD. Intrnl Jrnl Drug Policy. 2006 Sept;17(5):379-92. Includes commentary from the UCSF Institute for Global Health.
|Behavioral HIV risk reduction among people who inject drugs: meta-analytic evidence of efficacy|
Copenhaver MM, Johnson BT, Lee IC, Harman JJ, Carey MP; SHARP Research Team. J Subst Abuse Treat. 2006 Sep;31(2):163-71. Includes commentary from the UCSF Institute for Global Health.
|Do supervised injecting facilities attract higher-risk injection drug users?|
Wood E, Tyndall MW, Li K, Lloyd-Smith E, Small W, Montaner JS, Kerr T. Am J Prev Med. 2005 Aug;29(2):126-130.
|Update: Syringe Exchange Programs--United States, 2002|
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, MMWR 2005;54(27):673-676.
| Guidelines and Best Practices|
| Policy Reports, Papers, and Briefs|
|Evidence for Action for HIV Prevention, Treatment and Care among Injecting Drug Users|
WHO, December 14, 2005. [PDF, 1.8MB]
|"Flashblood" and HIV Risk among IDUs in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania|
Sheryl A. McCurdy. BMJ, August 25, 2005.
|Evidence for Action on HIV/AIDS and Injecting Drug Use: 5 Policy Briefs|
WHO, June 2005. In English and Russian.
|Policy and Programming Guide for HIV/AIDS Prevention and Care among Injecting Drug Users|
WHO, March 14, 2005.
|Effectiveness of Drug Dependence Treatment in Preventing HIV Among Injecting Drug Users|
WHO, March 2005. [PDF, 156K]
|An Open Letter to the Delegates of the 48th Session of the Commission on Narcotic Drugs (CND)|
Human Rights Watch, March 2005.
|Evidence for Action: Effectiveness of Community-Based Outreach in Preventing HIV/AIDS Among Injecting Drug Users|
WHO, April 2004. [PDF, 325K]
|Effectiveness of Sterile Needle and Syringe Programming in Reducing HIV/AIDS Among Injecting Drug Users|
WHO, 2004. [PDF, 342K]
|Unintended Consequences: Drug Policies Fuel the HIV Epidemic in Russia and Ukraine|
Kasia Malinowska-Sempruch, Jeff Hoover, Anna Alexandrova. International Harm Reduction Development, Open Society Institute, April 2003. [PDF, 158K]
|Drug Abuse and HIV/AIDS: Lessons Learned|
UNAIDS, UN Office for Drug Control and Crime Prevention, April 2001. [PDF, 958K] A case studies booklet from Central and Eastern Europe and the Central Asian States.
|Does HIV Needle Exchange Work?|
Peter Lurie, Pamela DeCarlo. Center for AIDS Prevention Studies (CAPS), University of California San Francisco, December 1998.
| Provider Education and Training|
| Program Management Materials|
|Canadian Harm Reduction Network|
The network for individuals and organizations across Canada dedicated to reducing the social, health, and economic harms associated with drugs and drug policies.
Australian organization that addresses some harm reduction topics as part of their international health work, focusing on the prevention of HIV/AIDS and Hepatitis C among injecting drug users.
|Harm Reduction Coalition|
(HRC) Committed to reducing drug-related harm among individuals and communities by initiating and promoting local, regional, and national harm reduction education, interventions, and community organizing.
|International Harm Reduction Association|
An international professional association for individuals and associations concerned with the development of drug policies to reduce the harmful consequences of drug use.
|International Harm Reduction Development Program|
(IHRD) A project of the Open Society Institute, IHRD's mission is to diminish the individual and social harms associated with drug use--particularly the risk of HIV infection--through innovative measures based on the philosophy of harm reduction. IHRD currently supports more than 180 projects in over 20 countries in Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union.
Site includes materials designed to help drug users reduce the risks related to their drug use, and to help those working or living with them to give better advice.