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Epidemiology of HIV
Natural Science of HIV
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Biology of HIV Infection and Treatment
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Clinical Laboratory Methods
Diagnosis and Clinical Management of HIV
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Primary Care
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Antiretroviral Therapy
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Systems of Care
Clinical Manifestations of HIV
Infections Associated with HIV
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Bacterial Infections
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Fungal Infections
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Viral Infections
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Parasitic Infections
Malignancies Associated with HIV
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Kaposi Sarcoma and Human Herpesvirus 8
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Lymphoma
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Human Papilloma Virus-Associated Neoplasms
Transmission and Prevention of HIV
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Concepts and Techniques of HIV Prevention
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Modes of Transmission and Interventions
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HIV Vaccines
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HIV Transmission and Prevention in Specific Populations
HIV Policy
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Global
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United States
Knowledge Base
About the Knowledge Base
Author List
Epidemiology of HIV
Epidemiology of HIV in the United States
Dennis H. Osmond, PhD
History and Origins of the HIV Epidemic
Natural Science of HIV
Biology of HIV Infection and Treatment
Molecular Insights Into HIV Biology
Warner C. Greene, MD, PhD, and B. Matija Peterlin, MD
Structure, Expression, and Regulation of the HIV Genome
Thomas J. Hope, PhD, and Didier Trono, MD
Immunopathogenesis of HIV Infection
Michael M. Lederman, MD, Benigno Rodriguez, MD, MSc, and Scott Sieg, PhD
HIV Vaccine Development
Clinical Laboratory Methods
HIV Antibody Assays
Niel Constantine, PhD
Nucleic Acid-Based HIV-1 Viral Load Assays
Teri J. Liegler, PhD, and Robert M. Grant, MD, MPH
HIV Viral Antigen Assays
Niel Constantine, PhD
Assays for Antiretroviral Resistance
Robert W. Shafer, MD
Assays to Detect Host Immune Responses to HIV
Helen Horton, PhD, and M. Juliana McElrath, MD, PhD
Diagnosis and Clinical Management of HIV
Primary Care
Clinical Overview of HIV Disease
C. Bradley Hare, MD
How to Tell Patients They Have (or Do Not Have) HIV
Paul A. Volberding, MD
Epidemiology of Disease Progression in HIV
Dennis H. Osmond, PhD
Primary Care of Patients with HIV
Coping with the Psychological Stressors of HIV
Managing Medical Conditions Associated with Cardiac Risk in Patients with HIV
Daniel Wlodarczyk, MD
Symptom Management Guidelines
Lisa Capaldini, MD
Adverse Events Due to Non-Antiretroviral Medications During Treatment of HIV-Related Infections and Complications
Ian McNicholl, PharmD Christine Jamjian, PharmD
Immunizations and HIV
Frederick M. Hecht, MD
Annie Luetkemeyer, MD
Infection and Travel in Patients with HIV Disease
Janice K. Louie, MD, MPH, DTM&H Harry W. Lampiris, MD
Nutritional Issues in HIV
Diagnosis and Management of Primary (Acute) HIV Infection
Women and HIV
Primary Care of Infants and Children with HIV
Primary Care of Adolescents with HIV
HIV and Aging
Care of HIV Infection in the Developing World
Antiretroviral Therapy
Overview of Antiretroviral Drugs
Susa Coffey, MD, and Laurence Peiperl, MD
Clinical Implications of Immune Reconstitution in AIDS
Mark A. Jacobson, MD
Genotypic Testing for HIV-1 Drug Resistance
Robert W. Shafer, MD
Side Effects of Antiretroviral Drugs
Interactions of Antiretroviral Drugs
Metabolic Complications of HIV Therapy
Dominic C. Chow, MD, Larry J. Day, MD, Scott A. Souza, PharmD, and Cecilia M. Shikuma, MD
Adherence to HIV Antiretroviral Therapy
Edward L. Machtinger, MD, and David R. Bangsberg, MD
Antiretroviral Treatment Monitoring in Developing Countries
Systems of Care
Solid-Organ Transplantation in HIV-Infected Individuals
George Beatty, MD
Critical Care of Patients with HIV
Kristina Crothers, MD, and Laurence Huang, MD
Surgery in Patients with HIV
William P. Schecter, MD, and Peter Stock, MD
Outpatient Administration of Intravenous Therapies in HIV Infection
Huey-Ling Lei, RN, MSN, Edward Lor, PharmD, Christine Schwartz, RD, Hopkins Stanley, RN, ACRN, and Mark Jacobson, MD
Inpatient Management of Adults with Advanced HIV Disease
Anne M. Hughes, RN, MN, FNP, and Diane Jones, RN
Care of Injection Drug Users
Steven L. Batki, MD, and James L. Sorensen, PhD
Substance Abuse and HIV
Community-Based Care in the Developing World
Palliative Care of Patients with HIV
Alison Ludwig, MD, and Eva Chittenden, MD
Clinical Manifestations of HIV
Dermatologic Manifestations of HIV
Toby A. Maurer, MD, and Timothy G. Berger, MD
Neurologic Manifestations of HIV
Dawn McGuire, MD
AIDS Dementia Complex
Richard W. Price, MD
HIV-Associated Psychiatric Disorders
Pulmonary Manifestations of HIV
Laurence Huang, MD
Cardiac Manifestations of HIV
Nina Rakhlin, MD, Priscilla Hsue, MD, and Melvin D. Cheitlin, MD
Endocrine Manifestations of HIV
Marc K. Hellerstein, MD
HIV-Associated Wasting
Kathleen Mulligan, PhD, and Morris Schambelan, MD
Hematologic Manifestations of HIV
Donald W. Northfelt, MD
Renal Manifestations of HIV
Andy I. Choi, MD, MAS, and Rudolph A. Rodriguez, MD
Gastrointestinal Manifestations of HIV
Johannes Koch, MD, Lawrence S. Kim, MD, and Scott Friedman, MD
Ophthalmic Manifestations of HIV
Irma Ahmed, MD, Everett Ai, MD, Eugene Chang, MD, and Alan Luckie, MB, ChB
Otolaryngologic Manifestations of HIV
Kelvin C. Lee, MD, and Thomas A. Tami, MD
Oral Manifestations of HIV
Deborah Greenspan, DSC, BDS
Rheumatologic and Musculoskeletal Manifestations of HIV
Nancy Lane, MD
Radiographic Assessment of HIV-Associated Diseases
Philip C. Goodman, MD
Infections Associated with HIV
Bacterial Infections
Serious Bacterial Infections in Children with HIV
Shirley Jankelevich, MD
Pneumococcal Infection
Charles L. Daley, MD
Bartonella: Bacillary Angiomatosis and Peliosis
Jane E. Koehler, MD
Syphilis
Christopher S. Hall, MD, MS, and Gail Bolan, MD
Mycobacterium avium Complex and Atypical Mycobacterial Infections
Mark A. Jacobson, MD, and Judith A. Aberg, MD
Tuberculosis
Annie Luetkemeyer, MD
Fungal Infections
Pneumocystosis
Gifford S. Leoung, MD
Candidiasis
Carl J. Fichtenbaum, MD, and Judith A. Aberg, MD
Cryptococcosis
Judith A. Aberg, MD, and William G. Powderly, MD
Histoplasmosis
Erika M. Young, DO, and Mitchell Goldman, MD
Aspergillosis
Amy Sturt, MD, and Judith A. Aberg, MD
Coccidioidomycosis
Judith A. Aberg, MD
Paracoccidioidomycosis
Judith A. Aberg, MD
Penicilliosis
Woraphot Tantisiriwat, MD, and Judith A. Aberg, MD
Blastomycosis
Judith A. Aberg, MD
Viral Infections
Varicella-Zoster Virus
Kim S. Erlich, MD, and Sharon Safrin, MD
Herpes Simplex Virus
Jared M. Baeten, MD, PhD and Connie Celum, MD, MPH
Cytomegalovirus
W. Lawrence Drew, MD, PhD, and Jacob P. Lalezari, MD
Hepatitis B and HIV Coinfection
Annie Luetkemeyer, MD
Hepatitis C and HIV Coinfection
Annie Luetkemeyer, MD
Parasitic Infections
Cryptosporidiosis, Cyclosporiasis, and Isosporiasis
Carolyn Petersen, MD
Microsporidiosis
Carolyn Petersen, MD
Toxoplasmosis
Carlos S. Subauste, MD
Malaria
James Whitworth, MD, FRCP
Malignancies Associated with HIV
Kaposi Sarcoma and Human Herpesvirus 8
Human Herpesvirus-8, Kaposi Sarcoma, and AIDS-Associated Neoplasms
Corey Casper, MD, MPH
Clinical Characteristics of Kaposi Sarcoma
Susan E. Krown, MD
Treatment of HIV-Associated Kaposi Sarcoma
Jamie H. Von Roenn, MD
Lymphoma
Pathogenesis of HIV-Associated Lymphoma
Valerie L. Ng, MD, PhD, and Michael S. McGrath, MD, PhD
Human Papilloma Virus-Associated Neoplasms
Clinical Management of Lower Genital Tract Neoplasia among Women with HIV
Priscilla Abercrombie, RN, NP, PhD
Anogenital Neoplasia
J. Michael Berry, MD, and Joel M. Palefsky, MD
Transmission and Prevention of HIV
Concepts and Techniques of HIV Prevention
Effective Behavioral Interventions
Counseling and Testing for HIV
Theory and Practice of Client-Centered Counseling and Testing
Nicolas Sheon, PhD
Modes of Transmission and Interventions
Sexual Transmission of HIV
Safer Sex Methods
Tim Lane, PhD, MPH, and Herminia Palacio, MD, MPH
Preventing Mother-to-Child Transmission
Microbicides and Female Controlled Prevention Technologies
Prophylaxis Following Occupational Exposure to HIV
Prophylaxis Following Nonoccupational Exposure to HIV
Transmission of HIV by Blood, Blood Products, Tissue Transplantation, and Artificial Insemination
Elizabeth Donegan, MD
Male Circumcision for HIV Prevention in High-Prevalence Countries
Antiretroviral Treatment as HIV Prevention
HIV Vaccines
Policy Issues in AIDS Vaccine Development
Chris Collins, MPP
HIV Transmission and Prevention in Specific Populations
Epidemiology and HIV Transmission in Injection Drug Users
Jeffrey H. Burack, MD, MPP, BPhil, and David Bangsberg, MD, MPH
HIV Prevention in Injection Drug Users
David R. Gibson, PhD
HIV Transmission and Prevention in Adolescents
Douglas Kirby, PhD
HIV Transmission and Prevention in Gay Men and other MSM
Systematic Review of HIV Behavioral Prevention Research in African Americans
Lynae A. Darbes, PhD, Gail E. Kennedy, MPH, Greet Peersman, PhD, Lev Zohrabyan, MD, MPH, and George W. Rutherford, MD
Systematic Review of HIV Behavioral Prevention Research in Asian Americans and Pacific Islanders
Lynae A. Darbes, PhD, Gail E. Kennedy, MPH, Greet Peersman, PhD, Lev Zohrabyan, MD, MPH, and George W. Rutherford, MD
Systematic Review of HIV Behavioral Prevention Research in Latinos
Lynae A. Darbes, PhD, Gail E. Kennedy, MPH, Greet Peersman, PhD, Lev Zohrabyan, MD, MPH, and George W. Rutherford, MD
HIV Transmission and Prevention in Native Americans
HIV Transmission and Prevention in Transgender People
Integrating HIV Prevention into the Care of People with HIV
Grant Colfax, MD, and Carol Dawson-Rose, RN, PhD
HIV Policy
Global
Resource Allocation
Treatment Access
Socioeconomic Impact of HIV/AIDS
Ethical Dimensions
Leslie E. Wolf, JD, MPH, and Bernard Lo, MD
Cost-Effectiveness of HIV Prevention in Developing Countries
Elliot Marseille, DrPH, MPP, Stephen F. Morin, PhD, Chris Collins, MPP, Todd Summers, Thomas J. Coates, PhD, and James G. Kahn, MD, MPH
Human Rights
Sofia Gruskin, JD, MIA, and Daniel Tarantola, MD
Forced Migration and Transmission of HIV and Other Sexually Transmitted Infections: Policy and Programmatic Responses
Therese McGinn, MPH, Susan J. Purdin, MPH, RN, Sandra Krause, MPH, BSN, and Rachel K. Jones, MA
Sexual Violence
Orphans and Affected Families
Policy Issues in AIDS Vaccine Development
Chris Collins, MPP
HIV/AIDS and the Workplace
Education Sector Response to HIV
Debt Relief and Poverty
Food Security and HIV/AIDS
The Stigma of HIV Infection
United States
Health Care Financing