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Home > Knowledge Base > Transgender: Related Resources
HIV Prevention and Care in Transgender People: Related Resources
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arrow imageJournal Articles
arrow imageGuidelines and Best Practices
arrow imagePolicy Reports, Papers, and Briefs
arrow imageConference Reports and Proceedings
arrow imagePresentations, Interviews, and Roundtable Discussions
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Journal Articles
Unprotected Sexual Behavior and HIV Risk in the Context of Primary Partnerships for Transgender Women
Operario D, Nemoto T, Iwamoto M, et al. AIDS Behav. 2010 Aug 26.
A Mixed Methods Study of the Sexual Health Needs of New England Transmen Who Have Sex with Nontransgender Men
Reisner SL, Perkovich B, Mimiaga MJ. AIDS Patient Care STDS. 2010 Aug;24(8):501-13.
HIV Risk and Social Networks among Male-To-Female Transgender Sex Workers in Boston, Massachusetts
Reisner SL, Mimiaga MJ, Bland S, et al. J Assoc Nurses AIDS Care. 2009 Sep-Oct;20(5):373-86.
Risk Behaviors and Psychosocial Stressors in the New York City House Ball Community: A Comparison of Men and Transgender Women Who Have Sex with Men
Sanchez T, Finlayson T, Murrill C, et al. AIDS Behav. 2010 Apr;14(2):351-8.
Moving Forward: Transgender Persons as Change Agents in Health Care Access and Human Rights
Cobos DG, Jones J. J Assoc Nurses AIDS Care. 2009 Sep-Oct;20(5):341-7.
"I Don't Think This Is Theoretical; This Is Our Lives": How Erasure Impacts Health Care for Transgender People
Bauer GR, Hammond R, Travers R, et al. J Assoc Nurses AIDS Care. 2009 Sep-Oct;20(5):348-61.
Transitioning Into Competent Health and HIV Care for Transgender Persons
Phillips JC, Patsdaughter CA. J Assoc Nurses AIDS Care. 2009 Sep-Oct;20(5):335-8.
"There's No Pamphlet for the Kind of Sex I Have": HIV-Related Risk Factors and Protective Behaviors Among Transgender Men Who Have Sex with Nontransgender Men
Sevelius J. J Assoc Nurses AIDS Care. 2009 Sep-Oct;20(5):398-410.
Improving the Health of Transgender People: Transgender Medical Education in Arizona
Vanderleest JG, Galper CQ. J Assoc Nurses AIDS Care. 2009 Sep-Oct;20(5):411-6.
Exploring HIV Prevention Utilization Among Female Sex Workers and Male-to-Female Transgenders
Harawa NT, Bingham TA. AIDS Educ Prev. 2009 Aug;21(4):356-71.
Lifetime Risk Factors for HIV/Sexually Transmitted Infections Among Male-to-Female Transgender Persons
Nuttbrock L, Hwahng S, Bockting W, et al. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2009 Jun 22.
La Atención a la Salud en Brasil a Partir de la Percepción de Travestis, Transexuales y Transgéneros
Rocha KB, Barbosa LHR, Barboza CZ, et al. Forum Qualitative Sozialforschung. 2009 May;Volume(10):No.2:Art.28.
Informing Interventions: The Importance of Contextual Factors in the Prediction of Sexual Risk Behaviors Among Transgender Women
Sevelius JM, Grinstead Reznick O, Hart SL, Schwarcz S. AIDS Education and Prevention. 2009 Apr;21(2):113-127.
Transgender Female Youth and Sex Work
Wilson EC, Garofalo R, Harris RD, et al. AIDS Behav. 2009
Sex Work in Mexico: Vulnerability of Male, Travesti, Transgender and Transsexual Sex Workers
Infante C, Sosa-Rubi SG, Cuadra SM. Cult Health Sex. 2009 Jan;12:1-12.
HIV Risk Behaviors Among Mahuwahine (Native Hawaiian Transgender Women)
Ellingson L, Odo C. AIDS Educ Prev. 2008 Dec;20(6):558-69.
Correlates and Prevalence of HIV and Sexually Transmitted Infections Among Hijras (Male Transgenders) in Pakistan
Khan AA, Rehan N, Qayyum K, et al. Int J STD AIDS. 2008 Dec;19(12):817-20.Click here to read
HIV-Related Needs for Safety Among Male-to-Female Transsexuals (Mak Nyah) in Malaysia
Koon Teh Y. Sahara J. 2008 Dec;5(4):178-85
Estimating HIV Prevalence and Risk Behaviors of Transgender Persons in the United States: A Systematic Review
Herbst JH, Jacobs ED, Finlayson TJ, et al. AIDS Behav. 2008 Jan;12(1):1-17.
Men Who Have Sex with Transgender Women: Challenges to Category-based HIV Prevention
Operario D, Burton J, Underhill K, Sevelius J. AIDS Behav. 2008 Jan;12(1):18-26.
Overlooked, misunderstood and at-risk: Exploring the lives and HIV risk of ethnic minority male-to female transgender youth
Garofalo R, Deleon J, Osmer E, Doll M, Harper GW. J Adolesc Health. 2006; 38(3): 230-236.
'It's really a hard life': Love, Gender and HIV Risk Among Male-to-Female Transgender Persons
Melendez RM, Pinto R. Cult Health Sex. 2007 May-Jun;9(3):233-45.
The Impact of Exposure to Transphobia on HIV Risk Behavior in a Sample of Transgendered Women of Color in San Francisco
Sugano E, Nemoto T, Operario D. AIDS Behav. 2006 Mar;10(2):217-25.
HIV-Related Tuberculosis in a Transgender Network -- Baltimore, Maryland, and New York City Area, 1998 - 2000
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. MMWR 2000;49:317-320.
Guidelines and Best Practices
Transgender Issues in HIV
Sevelius J. HIV Specialist. American Academy of HIV Medicine. December 2013.
Primary Care Protocol for Transgender Patient Care
The Center of Excellence for Transgender Health, April 2011.
Competencies for Counseling Transgender Clients
Association for Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Issues in Counseling, September 2009. [PDF, 192KB]
Recommendations for Inclusive Data Collection of Trans People in HIV Prevention, Care and Services
Data collection recommendations prepared by the Center of Excellence for Transgender Health, March 2009. [PDF, 197KB]
Eight Best Practices for HIV Prevention Among Trans People
Fact sheet and poster prepared by the Center of Excellence for Transgender Health, August 2008. [PDF, 140KB]
Transgender HIV/AIDS Health Services Best Practices Guidelines
Transgender Health Services Working Group, City and County of San Francisco, May 2007. [PDF, 1.1MB]
Protocols for Hormonal Reassignment of Gender
Tom Waddell Health Center (San Francisco, CA). December 12, 2006. [PDF, 76KB]
Guidelines for Transgender Care
Trans Care Project (Vancouver, British Columbia), 2006.
Policy Reports, Papers, and Briefs
Costs and Benefits of Providing Transition-related Health Care Coverage in Employee Health Benefits Plans: Findings from a Survey of Employers
The Williams Institute, UCLA. September 2013.
Our Moment for Reform: Immigration and Transgender People
National Center for Transgender Equality. 2013.
The Health of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender People: Building a Foundation for Better Understanding
Institute of Medicine Consensus Report. March 2011.
Healthy People 2020: Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Health
Overview, objectives and data, and evidence-based resources from this important U.S. public health initiative. This is the first time that LGBT health has been included in the Healthy People campaign.
T-SISTA: Resource Guide for Adapting SISTA for Transwomen
The Transitions Project, UCSF, May 2009.
What are Transgender Men's HIV Prevention Needs?
Center for AIDS Prevention Studies (CAPS), January 2009.
Immigration Law and the Transgender Client
Immigration Equality, December 2009.
Policy Regarding Sexual Orientation
American Medical Association, December 2009.
Physical and Emotional Health Needs of Transgender Individuals in Philadelphia: Summary of Key Findings
Public Health Management Corporation Research and Evaluation, November 2009.
Rights Not Rescue: Female, Male, and Trans Sex Workers' Human Rights in Botswana, Namibia, and South Africa
Jayne Arnott and Anna-Louise Crago. Open Society Institute. June 2009.
Transgender Persons and HIV
San Francisco AIDS Foundation, January 2009.
Assessing Progress, Advancing Excellence: Serving Transgender People in California
The Center of Excellence for Transgender Health, November 2008.
Report of the Task Force on Gender Identity and Gender Variance
APA Task Force on Gender Identity and Gender Variance. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association. 2008.
Transitioning Your Services: Serving Transgender Victims of Domestic Violence, Sexual Assault and Stalking
Lunine B. Transgender Law Center. Summer 2008.
Materials for Attorneys Representing LGBT and HIV-Positive Immigrants
The National Immigrant Justice Center's National Asylum Partnership on Sexual Minorities (NAPSM), July 2007.
The Health, Health-Related Needs, and Lifecourse Experiences of Transgender Virginians
Virginia Department of Health, Division of Disease Prevention through the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, January 2007.
HIV/AIDS in the Transgender Population: A Community Consultation Meeting
Division of Community Based Programs, HIV/AIDS Bureau, Health Resources and Services Administration, Rockville, MD, May 5, 2005
Transgender Health: Findings from Two Needs Assessment Studies in Philadelphia
Kenagy GP. Health Soc Work. 2005 Feb;30(1):19-26.
Identifying Training Needs of Health-Care Providers Related to Treatment and Care of Transgendered Patients: A Qualitative Needs Assessment Conducted in New England
Lurie S. International Journal of Transgenderism. 2005;8(2-3):93-112.
Conference Reports and Proceedings
United States Conference on AIDS Trans Institute
Proceedings of provider and consumer panels at a half-day institute. Organized by the Center of Excellence for Transgender Health, based at the University of California, San Francisco. Recorded at the 2009 United States Conference on AIDS, San Francisco, CA, October 29, 2009.
Equality and Parity II
Equality and Parity: A statewide action for transgender HIV prevention and care, Los Angeles, CA, U.S., January 26-28, 2009. Selected presentations available online in streaming audio with slides.
Equality and Parity
Equality and Parity: A statewide action for transgender HIV prevention and care, San Francisco, CA, U.S., May 17-19, 2005. Selected presentations available online in streaming audio with slides.
Transgender Care Conference
San Francisco, CA, U.S., May 5, 2000.
Presentations, Interviews, and Roundtable Discussions
Transgender Epidemiology in the Bay Area: A Brief Snapshot
A presentation for the Bay Area National Latino AIDS Awareness Day (BANLAAD), Keatley, J. October 15, 2009.
We Count
Video produced by Geovanni Lopez, www.malicemedia.com, and presented at Equality and Parity II, January 26-28, 2009. 20 minutes.
Who is Being Served?
HIV Prevention Utilization among Transgender Women in Los Angeles County, Harawa NT. November 2008
An Interview with Walter Bockting, PhD: A leading expert on HIV in the transgender community explains why there's more work to be done
Berry J. Positively Aware. July/August 2008.
Effects of Transphobia on Transgender Communities
An examination of societal forces, including stigma and discrimination, that lead to disproportionate rates of HIV and other negative health outcomes for transgender people. Presented by The Center of Excellence for Transgender Health. April 2008. [RealAudio with slides]
Transgender Youth of Color and HIV National Conference Calls
Series of conference calls from the YES Center at George Washington University covering basic issues of importance to providers seriving transgender youth. Topics include Transgender Youth 101; Access to Medical Care for Transgender Youth; Social Service Needs of Transgender Youth; Advocating and Referring Transgender Youth. Calls were held in Summer 2008, but call materials and transcripts are available online.
Hits 2003
A hits survey to better understand current HIV testing and sex-work-related HIV risk among female and transgender sex workers in Los Angeles County, Harawa NT. May 2005.
Research Summaries
Rapid HIV Testing in Transgender Communities by Community-Based Organizations in Three Cities
Schulden JD, Song B, Barros A, et al. Public Health Rep. Nov-Dec;123 Suppl 3:101-14, 2008.
Who is Being Served?
HIV Prevention Utilization among Transgender Women in Los Angeles County, Harawa NT. November 2008
Assessing Progress, Advancing Excellence: Serving Transgender People in California
The Center of Excellence for Transgender Health, November 2008.
What are Male-to-Female Transgender Persons' (MtF) HIV Prevention Needs?
Keatley J, Bockting W. Center for AIDS Prevention Studies (CAPS), September 2008.
Transgender Identity and HIV: Resilience in the Face of Stigma
Bockting, WO. Focus. Spring 2008;32(2)1-4
Outside the Box: HIV Prevention with Hard-to-Categorize People
Operario D. Focus. Spring 2008;32(2)5-7
Hits 2003
A hits survey to better understand current HIV testing and sex-work-related HIV risk among female and transgender sex workers in Los Angeles County, Harawa NT. May 2005.
Newsletter Articles
Safer Sex Post-SRS: A brave new world, indeed
Jones L. Positively Aware. July/August 2008.
The Invisible: A quick looks at the HIV/AIDS epidemic in a group often overlooked
Kenagy G. Positively Aware. July/August 2008.
A Transgender Therapy Primer
Vásquez E. Positively Aware. July/August 2008.
Challenges of the Young and Transgender: A physician describes a population near and dear to his heart
Green K. Positively Aware. July/August 2008.
Transgender Therapy and HIV: Two complicated conditions rolled into one
Hickey D. Positively Aware. July/August 2008.
Policing Gender and Sexuality: Transgender sex workers, HIV, and justice
Vásquez E. Positively Aware. July/August 2008.
Provider Education and Training
Healthcare of the HIV Positive Transgender Person
Barry Zevin, MD. Presentation at San Francisco General Hospital's HIV/AIDS Grand Rounds, sponsored by the Positive Health Program, HIV/AIDS Division at SFGH. September 2009.
HIV Infection and Transgender Medicine
Barry Zevin, MD and Linette Martinez, MD. Presentation at San Francisco General Hospital's HIV/AIDS Grand Rounds, sponsored by the Positive Health Program, HIV/AIDS Division at SFGH. February 2007.
Transgender Women and HIV
Lynn E. Connolly, Lori Kohler. HIV Web Study, May 2, 2006.
Program Management Materials
Personalized Cognitive Counseling: An Adaptation for Working with Trans Women
The Transitions Project, UCSF, September 2013.
T-SISTA: Resource Guide for Adapting SISTA for Transwomen
The Transitions Project, UCSF, May 2009.
Developing a Comprehensive Package of Services to Reduce HIV Among Men who have Sex with Men (MSM) and Transgender (TG) Populations in Asia and the Pacific
Regional HIV and Development Programme for Asia and the Pacific, June 2009.
Assessing Progress, Advancing Excellence: Serving Transgender People in California
The Center of Excellence for Transgender Health, November 2008.
Transitioning our Shelters: A Guide to Making Homeless Shelters Safe for Transgender People
Mottet L and Ohle J M, National Gay and Lesbian Task Force, December 2003.
Clinical Update: Transgender HIV Prevention: A Model Education Workshop
Bockting W, Simon Rosser BR, Coleman E. Journal of the Gay and Lesbian Medical Association. December 2000;4:4. $32.00 charge from publisher.
Bending the Mold: An Action Kit for Transgender Youth
Lambda Legal and the National Youth Advocacy Coalition, 2004. [PDF, 612KB]
Patient and Community Education
Primed: A Back Pocket Guide for Transmen and the Men Who Dig Them
Gay/Bi/Queer Transmen Working Group, Ontario Gay Men's HIV Prevention Strategy, 2007. [PDF, 1.06 MB]
Guidelines for Transgender Care: Consumer Information
A community education booklet from Trans Care Project (Vancouver, British Columbia), 2006
Safer Sex for Transguys: A Guide for the Whole Spectrum
Fact sheet on safer sex for transmen (FTMs) designed by James Cullen, 2004.
Love Your Body! A Transwoman's Guide to Health and Wellness/Respect Your Body! A Transman's Guide to Health and Wellness
FTM and MTF health fact sheets, National Coalition for LGBT Health, February 6, 2004. [PDF, 2.28 MB]
First-Person Accounts
Lois Bates: The essence of strength, courage, wisdom
Green K. Positively Aware. July/August 2008.
Ginger Valdez: Glamour and grit, advocacy and outreach
Vázguez E. Positively Aware. July/August 2008.
Joy Morris-Hightower: Survival and transcendence, blessed and not damned
Vázguez E. Positively Aware. July/August 2008.
One on One with Alexandra Billings
Berry J. Positively Aware. July/August 2008.
Teo's Journey: A transguy struggles with addiction and isolation and discovers wellness and his identity along the way
Berry J. Positively Aware. July/August 2008.
Links
HIV/AIDS-Specific Resources
Asian and Pacific Islander Wellness Center
HIV-specific programs and services for API transgender people. Located in San Francisco.
Positive Health Project
PHP is located on Manhattan's west side in New York City. It provides HIV prevention and care services to high risk, marginalized populations in the community that remain at very high risk of infection and transmission.
Transgender Trainings for Health Care Providers, Medical Students and Human Service Providers
Web site of Samuel Lurie, a provider of trainings on the health care of transgender people to the AIDS Education and Training Centers, community clinics, and health departments.
Trans-health Information Project (TIP)
A community-based organization designed by and for transgender, transexual, and gender-variant people in Philadelphia.
General Resources
The Gender Identity Project
The Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender Community Center in New York City offers trans-specific services including support groups, counseling and trainings.
International Foundation for Gender Education
Advocacy and education clearinghouse for transgender issues. Site includes referrals, online bookstore, quarterly newsletter.
International Journal of Transgenderism
A peer-reviewed, quarterly publication, updated with new articles during the quarter.
Jim Collins Foundation
The mission of the Jim Collins Foundation is to provide financial assistance to transgender people for gender-confirming surgeries.
National Center for Transgender Equality
The National Center for Transgender Equality (NCTE) is a national social justice organization devoted to ending discrimination and violence against transgender people through education and advocacy on national issues of importance to transgender people.
Queer Transmen
A website by the Gay/Bi/Queer Transmen Working Group of the Ontario Gay Men's HIV Prevention Strategy. The group raises awareness about the sexual health of transmen and shares information surroundings transmen's complex bodies, sexualities and sex lives.
Tom Waddell Health Center Transgender Clinic
A multidisciplinary primary care clinic focusing on the needs of underserved transgender populations of San Francisco.
bullet.gifProtocols for Hormonal Reassignment of Gender
Transgender American Veterans Association
TAVA collaborates with other concerned gay, lesbian, bisexual and transgender (GLBT) organizations to ensure that transgender veterans will receive appropriate care for their medical conditions in accordance with the Veterans' Administration's standards.
Transgender Civil Rights Project
A handbook for activists and policymakers from the National Gay and Lesbian Task Force.
Transgender Economic Empowerment Initiative
A collaborative program designed to help transgender individuals find stable jobs that provide a living wage, benefits, and opportunities for advancement.
Transgender Forum
Features a Community Center, with bulletin boards and links to support groups nationwide.
Transgender Legal Defense and Education Fund
Committed to ending discrimination based upon gender identity and expression and achieving equality for transgender people through public education, test-case litigation, direct legal services, community organizing, and public policy efforts.
Transgender Training and Advocacy
Training consulting committed to working with advocates and allies of transgender people so they can better meet the specific needs of trans people in areas of health care, HIV/AIDS services, counseling, case management, education, housing and employment.
Transgender Women's Resources
Medical and other resources for transsexual women from Anne Lawrence, MD.
Trans-Health Conference
Annual conference held in Philadelphia for community members and providers. Organized by the Mazzoni Center.
Trans-Health.com
An online magazine of health and fitness for transsexual and transgendered people.
TransKids Purple Rainbow Foundation
Dedicated to funding research and education about transgender issues to build a brighter future for all TransKids.
Transster.com
Site serves as a repository for images of FTM gender reassignment surgery results. A free user account must be created to access site.
Trans Youth
Created to link trans youth and the people in their lives with current resources, including coming out, trans pride, health care, body modification, dating and sex, school, work, id document changes, hotlines, organizations and shelters, conferences, online connections, books and media, and how to get involved.
World Professional Association for Transgender Health
(WPATH) formerly known as the Harry Benjamin International Gender Dysphoria Association, Inc. (HBIGDA) is an international professional organization devoted to the understanding and treatment of gender identity disorders.