Tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (Viread, TDF)

Published October 02, 2001; Updated June 2018
Susa Coffey, MD
Selected Reference
11. Podzamczer  D, Ferrer  E, Gatell  JM, Niubo  J, Dalmau  D, Leon  A, Knobel  H, Polo  C, Iniguez  D, Ruiz  I.
Early virological failure with a combination of tenofovir, didanosine and efavirenz. Antivir Ther. 2005 10(1):171-7
[PubMed ID: 15751775]
OBJECTIVE: To describe the occurrence of a high early virological failure (VF) rate and development of resistance mutations in antiretroviral-naive patients receiving tenofovir, didanosine and efavirenz. METHODS: HIV-infected antiretroviral-naive patients with viral load > or =30 000 copies/ml were enrolled in a pilot randomized trial of tenofovir/didanosine (250 mg)/ efavirenz with (arm A) or without (arm B) lopinavir/r for the first 12 weeks. As six cases of early VF (a drop of <2 log at month 3, or a rebound of >1 log from the nadir) were detected (five in arm B and one in arm A who had previously stopped lopinavir/r) an unplanned interim analysis was performed. RESULTS: A total of 29 out of 36 enrolled patients completed at least 3 months of follow-up and were included in the interim analysis. An intent-to-treat analysis showed treatment failure in 7/15 (46.7%) patients in arm B (five VF, one lost, one switched) versus 2/14 (14.3%) in arm A (one lost, one switched) (P=0.109). The patient in arm A who interrupted lopinavir/r at day 3 and continued with tenofovir/didanosine/efavirenz later developed VF. At baseline, 6/6 VF patients had VL >100000 copies/ml and an advanced stage of disease (CD4 <200 plus CDC stage C or B3) versus 0/8 non-VF patients taking the triple drug regimen (P<0.001). At failure, G190S/E alone or associated with K103N and K101R mutations was detected in five patients, and K103N/L1001/V108l in the sixth patient. Additionally, L74V/I and K65R were detected in four and two patients, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: A high early virological failure rate and the occurrence of resistance mutations were detected in a group of antiretroviral-naive patients treated with tenofovir/didanosine/efavirenz.