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Search Results: Eastern Europe and Central Asia

(67 results in Knowledge Base Chapters )


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  1. Cryptococcosis and HIV

    HIV InSite Knowledge Base Chapter
    May 2006
    Judith A. Aberg, MD, New York University, New York; William G. Powderly, MD, Mater University Hospital, Dublin, Ireland
    Cryptococcosis is the cause of the most common life-threatening meningitis in AIDS. Early in the epidemic, approximately 5-8% of patients with AIDS developed cryptococcal infection. Where effective antiretroviral...

  2. Cytomegalovirus and HIV

    HIV InSite Knowledge Base Chapter
    May 2006
    W. Lawrence Drew, MD, PhD, University of California San Francisco; Jacob P. Lalezari, MD, University of California San Francisco
    Early in the AIDS epidemic, cytomegalovirus (CMV) was a major cause of morbidity and mortality in patients with AIDS in the United States.(1) Epidemiologic studies indicated that through...

  3. Primary Care of Infants and Children with HIV

    HIV InSite Knowledge Base Chapter
    July 2001
    Andrew T. Pavia, MD, University of Utah
    There is a remarkable gap in the nature of HIV disease among infants and children between developed countries and the rest of the world. HIV infection has increased among women globally, but in developed...

  4. Renal Manifestations of HIV

    HIV InSite Knowledge Base Chapter
    November 2003; Updated January 2008
    Andy I. Choi, MD, MAS, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco General Hospital; Rudolph A. Rodriguez, MD, VA Puget Sound Healthcare System, University of Washington
    Shortly after the earliest descriptions of HIV infection were published in 1981, the first observations of focal segmental glomerular sclerosis and renal failure associated with HIV infection were reported.(1-6)...

  5. Neurologic Manifestations of HIV

    HIV InSite Knowledge Base Chapter
    June 2003
    Dawn McGuire, MD, University of California San Francisco
    HIV is classified among the lentiviruses, a family of viruses characterized in part by their tendency to cause chronic neurologic disease in their animal hosts. It is not surprising, then, that neurologic...

  6. Pulmonary Manifestations of HIV

    HIV InSite Knowledge Base Chapter
    May 1998
    Laurence Huang, MD, University of California San Francisco
    The evaluation of respiratory symptoms in HIV-infected patients can be challenging for a number of reasons. Respiratory symptoms are a frequent complaint in HIV-infected individuals and may be due to a...

  7. Histoplasmosis and HIV Infection

    HIV InSite Knowledge Base Chapter
    March 2006
    Erika M. Young, DO, Indiana University School of Medicine; Mitchell Goldman, MD, Indiana University School of Medicine
    Histoplasmosis is the most common of the endemic mycoses in patients with AIDS.(1) Disseminated histoplasmosis (DH) initially was reported in patients with AIDS in 1982 (2)...

  8. Outpatient Administration of Intravenous Therapies in Patients with HIV Infection

    HIV InSite Knowledge Base Chapter
    October 2004
    Huey-Ling Lei, RN, MSN, University of California San Francisco; Edward Lor, PharmD, San Francisco General Hospital; Christine Schwartz, RD, San Francisco General Hospital; Hopkins Stanley, RN, MS, CNS, University of California San Francisco; Mark A. Jacobson, MD, University of California San Francisco
    Many patients with HIV infection need intravenous (IV) therapy at some point in the course of their treatment. IV therapy generally is provided in hospital settings, but in some circumstances it can be...

  9. Penicilliosis and HIV

    HIV InSite Knowledge Base Chapter
    March 2006
    Woraphot Tantisiriwat, MD, Srinakharinwirot University, Bangkok, Thailand; Judith A. Aberg, MD, New York University, New York
    Penicilliosis is an infection caused by Penicillium marneffei, a dimorphic fungus endemic to Southeast Asia and the southern part of China.(1) Rarely noted before the AIDS epidemic,...

  10. Cost-Effectiveness of HIV Prevention in Developing Countries

    HIV InSite Knowledge Base Chapter
    September 2002
    Elliot Marseille, DrPH, MPP, University of California San Francisco; Stephen F. Morin, PhD, University of California San Francisco; Chris Collins, MPP, Progressive Health Partners; Todd Summers, Progressive Health Partners; Thomas J. Coates, PhD, University of California San Francisco; James G. Kahn, MD, MPH, University of California San Francisco
    This chapter posits that HIV prevention interventions in developing countries can reduce the incidence of HIV infection and sometimes save financial resources in the process. It also provides an overview...

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