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HIV Clinical Cases Library Instructions to Authors
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Introduction

The Editors at the Center for HIV Information at the University of California San Francisco invite authors to submit original patient case studies for inclusion in the HIV Clinical Cases Library. Such cases should describe observations related to HIV care and treatment in resource-constrained countries. The Library will contain a comprehensive online collection of real-life clinical cases from resource-constrained countries that will be shared on the Internet, free of charge, to health care providers and organizations that support them around the world.

Criteria for Publication

The UCSF Center for HIV Information will be highly selective in the case studies that it will choose for inclusion in the Library. Submitted case studies will be assessed by Library editorial staff members who will decide whether it has the potential to convey useful clinical lessons; if so, it will be sent to a Library medical editor for peer review. To be considered for publication in HIV Clinical Cases Library, case studies must be clearly written and must adhere to the guidelines listed below.

Selection criteria for case studies will include the following:

transparent gifgrey bulletPractical relevance of the case to clinicians in the field, particularly those working in facilities with limited diagnostic resources
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transparent gifgrey bulletCreativity and originality displayed in resolving the case
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transparent gifgrey bulletUsefulness of the case in filling a content gap in the Library
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transparent gifgrey bulletRegional uniqueness of the case; cases discussing clinical situations that are common in particular regions of the world but uncommon in the United States and Europe will be prioritized
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Once the editorial review is complete, a decision letter will be sent to the author. The Library editorial team will either:

transparent gifgrey bulletAccept the case study and request revision
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transparent gifgrey bulletInvite the author to revise the case study before a making final decision
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transparent gifgrey bulletReject the case study because it does not meet the criteria listed above
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Upon acceptance, case studies enter our production system and usually appear online within 3 months.

Author Agreement

Please review and sign the accompanying author agreement. Note that it includes spaces for the title of your case study, your name, title(s), a complete mailing address, phone and fax number, as well as email address, which is essential.

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Outline for Case Study
transparent gifgrey bulletPatient presentation: signs and symptoms or chief complaint(s) (1-2 sentences).
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transparent gifgrey bulletRelevant patient history (1-2 paragraphs).
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transparent gifgrey bulletThe results of initial physical exams. When possible, please include patient photos.
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transparent gifgrey bulletInitial (nondiagnostic) lab and imaging test results, if available. Provide the results of only the relevant tests.
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transparent gifgrey bulletDifferential diagnosis or diagnoses considered at the time of presentation (list the possible diagnoses with a 2-3 sentence discussion after each item).
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transparent gifgrey bulletConclusive lab, imaging, path, or other diagnostic tests, if available.
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transparent gifgrey bulletDiagnosis (1 sentence) or reason why diagnosis could not be definitively made.
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transparent gifgrey bulletTreatment (1 paragraph on the selection of treatment).
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transparent gifgrey bulletClinical course (1-2 paragraphs) including interdisciplinary approaches.
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transparent gifgrey bulletDiscussion: What was particularly usual or interesting about this case? How was the presentation, treatment, and/or course different from what would be expected in the United States or elsewhere?
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transparent gifgrey bullet3-5 bulleted summary points.
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General Writing Instructions

Please follow the instructions below when writing and submitting your case study.

transparent gifgrey bulletCase studies should be written in English.
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transparent gifgrey bulletPlease write your case study in MS Word or, if this is not available, in your email program.
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transparent gifgrey bulletSpell out abbreviated terms at first mention in all text, tables, and figures.
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transparent gifgrey bulletLocal terms should be explained or translated.
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transparent gifgrey bulletProject-specific jargon and uncommon abbreviations should be avoided.
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transparent gifgrey bulletPlease use the generic names of drugs.
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transparent gifgrey bulletPlease give specific drug dosage schedules.
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Tables
transparent gifgrey bulletPlease reference tables and figures in the text of your chapter; for example, "(see Table 1)".
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transparent gifgrey bulletTables in the text must be numbered (consecutively in the order mentioned in the text) and titled. Abbreviations in tables must be explained in a footnote.
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References

Please cite references numerically in order of appearance in text. Please ensure accuracy in spelling and details of publication. The first 3 authors of a publication must be listed, followed by "et al" for 4 or more authors. Only published or accepted manuscripts should be included in the reference list.

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Example of CHI Reference Format:
transparent gifgrey bulletJournal Article: Honer WG, Thornton AE, Chen EY, et al. Clozapine alone versus clozapine and risperidone with refractory schizophrenia. N Engl J Med. 2006 Feb 2;354(5):472-82.
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transparent gifgrey bulletBook: Sherlock S, Dooley J. Diseases of the Liver and Biliary System; 9th ed. Oxford, England: Blackwell Scientific Publications; 1993.
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Figures
transparent gifgrey bulletWe encourage the inclusion of figures with case studies.
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transparent gifgrey bulletAll figures should be submitted as digital files of at least 300 dpi (when taking photographs, please use the highest quality setting on your camera).
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transparent gifgrey bulletPlease title image files so that it is clear how they correspond with the figures mentioned in the text.
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transparent gifgrey bullet For each figure, please include a caption and title that does not duplicate text material.
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transparent gifgrey bulletThe preferred file formats for figures are TIFF and EPS. Although JPG files are also acceptable, they have low resolution and are suboptimal.
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transparent gifgrey bulletPlease submit files either as attachments to the email in which you send your case study or by post on a CD-ROM.
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transparent gifgrey bulletMultiple images can be sent by email by using WinZip software.
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transparent gifgrey bulletPlease do not embed figures in Microsoft application files such as MS Word, PowerPoint, and Excel.
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Author Checklist and Permission
transparent gifgrey bulletIn clinical photographs in which the patient could be recognized, the case study must either be accompanied by a statement signed by the patient or the patient's guardian granting permission to publish the photograph for educational purposes. If permission is not obtained, the photograph will be cropped accordingly to ensure that the patient's identity is not disclosed.
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transparent gifgrey bulletPlease ensure that you have received appropriate written permission to use any previously published figures and tables.
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transparent gifgrey bulletPlease supply a complete credit line for each previously published table or figure, especially if the table is modified from the original. A complete citation is vital.
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transparent gifgrey bulletAll images that are submitted as part of a case study will also be considered for inclusion in the CHI's HIV Image Library for open access. By submitting case studies to CHI, the authors grant CHI permission to disseminate these images.
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transparent gifgrey bulletPlease ensure that a signed author checklist is included in your case study submission.
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Submitting the Case Study

At the time of submission, the case study package should include the following components:

    transparent gifgrey bulletAuthor agreement
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    transparent gifgrey bulletThe case study text including references and tables
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    transparent gifgrey bulletClinical photographs (if applicable)
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Case studies should be submitted by email to hivinsite@ucsf.edu.

In circumstances in which material cannot be sent by email, it may be copied to a CD-ROM and sent by post to the following address:

UCSF Center for HIV Information
Attn: Clinical Cases Library
4150 Clement Street, Building 16
VAMC 111V - UCSF
San Francisco, CA 94121 USA

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