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Am I at risk of HIV infection?

Some behavior is more risky than others. It is important to recognize that risk factors are not the direct cause of disease. HIV affects people at every point on the risk spectrum and many people who are most "at risk" of HIV infection never become infected. Understanding HIV risk factors can help you better evaluate your own risk and take steps to reduce your risk of infection.

Some of the most common behavioral risk factors include:

High Risk
Having unprotected anal or vaginal sex with an HIV-infected person or with a person whose HIV status is unknown
Having multiple sexual partners
Having sex with sex workers
Having sex with IV drug users
Sharing syringes or needles
Using nonsterile needles for piercing or tattooing
Low Risk
Having vaginal or anal sex with a condom
Oral sex
Other factors that may put you at risk of HIV infection include:
Another sexually transmitted disease (STD) such as herpes, chlamydia, gonorrhea, and trichomoniasis
Having been the victim of sexual assault
Having sex while under the influence of drugs or alcohol
Having a mother who had HIV when you were born
Sharing needles when injecting drugs
Learn More
Safer Sex Methods
HIV InSite Knowledge Base.