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Home > Countries & Regions > Sub-Saharan Africa > Zambia
Updated July 2009
HIV/AIDS-Specific Country Profiles
Health and Development Profiles
Guidelines and Best Practices
Surveys and Assessments
Policy Reports and Papers
Journal Articles
Research Summaries
Provider Education and Training
Clinician Support Tools
Program Management Materials
Patient and Community Education
National Organizations
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International Organizations
HIV/AIDS Web Sites
Comprehensive Indicator Report
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List of all countries
Indicator Database
Focus on Care and Treatment
HIV/AIDS in Zambia
Population, 201314,200,000
People living with HIV/AIDS, 20121,100,000
Women (aged 15+) with HIV/AIDS, 2012490,000
Children with HIV/AIDS, 2012160,000
Adult HIV prevalence (%), 201212.7
AIDS deaths, 201230,000
nd = No data
Source: Population Reference Bureau & UNAIDS
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HIV/AIDS-Specific Country Profiles
PEPFAR Country Profile
A summary of the activities of the U.S. President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) in selected countries.
UNAIDS Country Profile
A brief summary of national socioeconomic conditions in the context of the HIV epidemic, and information (where available) on UNAIDS' country-level activities.
UNAIDS 2008 Country Progress Report
Reports progress made in implementing the UN Declaration of Commitment on HIV/AIDS. The report includes summary indicator data through the end of 2007. [PDF, 3MB]
UNAIDS/WHO Epidemiological Fact Sheet
Statistics on the prevalence and incidence of HIV/AIDS and other sexually transmitted infections, and discussion of knowledge and behaviors related to HIV transmission. 2008. [PDF, 1 MB]
Global Fund Country Programs
Discussion of the national epidemic and description of HIV/AIDS projects supported by the Global Fund, including funding details, planned activities, and expected results.
HIV/AIDS in Zambia
Lisa Garbus. Country AIDS Policy Analysis Project, AIDS Policy Research Center, University of California San Francisco, March 2003.
IRIN Country Profile
Contact information for national HIV/AIDS organizations, selected indicators, antiretroviral treatment statistics, and an epidemiological fact sheet from the United Nation's Integrated Regional Information Networks.
CDC Global AIDS Program Country Profile
An overview of the HIV/AIDS situation in selected countries, description of the Global AIDS Program response, and contacts and links.
WHO HIV/AIDS Treatment Scale-Up Summary Country Profile
A summary of current antiretroviral therapy coverage and resource requirements for scaling up treatment in countries receiving support under the WHO's "3 by 5" treatment initiative. 2005. [PDF, 448K]
Health and Development Profiles
CIA World Factbook
Extensive data over a range of fields, including geography, population, government, the economy, the military, and communications.
Population Reference Bureau Country Profile
Key demographic, health, and development indicators, selected reports and articles, and links.
UNICEF Country Tables
Statistics in the areas of population, mortality, general and reproductive health, and education.
WHO Country Profile
Links to tables containing general health indicators, country profiles on specific diseases, and selected health-related documents. Also in Spanish and French.
Guidelines and Best Practices
Zambian Guidelines for Antiretroviral Therapy of HIV infection in Infants and Children: Towards Universal Access
Zambia Ministry of Health, UNICEF, 2007. [PDF, 1.02MB]
PMTCT: National Protocol Guidelines Integrated Prevention of Mother-to-Child Transmission of HIV/AIDS
National AIDS Council, Zambia Ministry of Health, 2007. [PDF, 361K]
Zambia Nutrition Guidelines for the Care and Support of People Living with HIV/AIDS
National Food and Nutrition Commission, Food and Nutrition Technical Assistance Project, November 2004. See also related Zambian HIV and Nutrition Wall Charts & Flip Chart, 2007.
HIV&AIDS in the World of Work: Good Practices in Zambian Workplaces
Zambian Workplace AIDS Partnership (ZWAP) and National AIDS Council, 2006. [PDF, 2.28MB]
National Guidelines on Management and Care for HIV/AIDS
National AIDS Council, Republic of Zambia, 2004. [PDF, 977K]
Surveys and Assessments
Concurrent Sexual Partnerships and HIV Infection: Evidence from National Population-Based Surveys
Mishra V and Bignami-Van Assche S. Demographic and Health Surveys, UNAIDS, March 2009. [PDF, 576K]
Zambia: Demographic and Health Survey (DHS), 2007
Central Statistical Office, Ministry of Health, March 2009. [PDF, 3.07MB] See also HIV fact sheet and key findings.
Zambia: HIV Service Provision Assessment (SPA) Survey, 2005
Central Statistical Office, Ministry of Health, July 2006. [PDF, 2.68MB]
Zambia Sexual Behaviour Survey, 2005
Central Statistical Office, Ministry of Health, MEASURE Evaluation, March 2006. [PDF, 50MB]
Policy Reports and Papers
Joint Mid-Term Review of The National AIDS Strategic Framework 2006-2010 Technical Report
National AIDS Council, Government of Zambia, January 2009. [PDF 1.6MB]
Caring for Caregivers: An HIV/AIDS Workplace Intervention for Hospital Staff in Zambia
Kiragu K, Nyumbu M, Ngulube T, et al. Horizons/Population Council, July 2008. [PDF, 655K]
Sustainability Analysis of HIV/AIDS Services in Zambia
Stephen Resch, Michelle Lee, Gilbert Kombe, Elijah Sinyinza, Health Systems 20/20 project, Abt Associates Inc., May 2008. [PDF, 2.06MB]
Engaging Communities in Supporting HIV Prevention and Adherence to Antiretroviral Therapy in Zambia
Horizons/Population Council, January 2008. [PDF, 474K]
Food on the Table: The Role of Livelihood Strategies in Maintaining Nutritional Status among ART Patients in Kenya and Zambia
Samuels F, Rutenberg N, Simbaya J, et al. Horizons, Population Council, 2008. [PDF, 664K]
Cost Benefit Analysis of HIV Workplace Programmes in Zambia
Comprehensive HIV AIDS Management Programme (CHAMP) in Zambia, September 2007. [PDF, 1.21MB]
National HIV/AID/STI/TB Monitoring and Evaluation Plan for 2006-2010
National AIDS Council, Zambia Ministry of Health, September 2006. [PDF 8.1MB]
Understanding the Dynamics of HIV/AIDS and Family Planning at the Community Level in Zambia
Underwood C, Kapungwe A, Tembo R, et al. Center for Communication Programs, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, 2006. [PDF, 253K]
National HIV/AIDS/STI/TB Policy
Zambia Ministry of Health, Jaunary 2005. [PDF, 457K]
National HIV/AIDS Communication Strategy
National AIDS Council, Zambia Ministry of Health, 2005. [PDF 1.3MB]
Journal Articles
Drug resistance in human immunodeficiency virus type-1 infected Zambian children using adult fixed dose combination stavudine, lamivudine, and nevirapine
Gupta RK, Ford D, Mulenga V, Walker AS, Kabamba D, Kalumbi M, Grant PR, Ferrier A, Pillay D, Gibb DM, Chintu C. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2010; 29:e57-62. Includes commentary from the UCSF Institute for Global Health.
Mortality and virologic outcomes after access to antiretroviral therapy among a cohort of HIV-infected women who received single-dose nevirapine in Lusaka, Zambia
Kuhn L, Semrau K, Ramachandran S. Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2009 Sep;52(1):132-6. Includes commentary from the UCSF Institute for Global Health.
Survival from 9 months of age among HIV-infected and uninfected Zambian children prior to the availability of antiretroviral therapy
Sutcliffe CG, Scott S, Mugala N, et al. Clin Infect Dis. 2008;47:837-44. Includes commentary from the UCSF Institute for Global Health.
Baseline renal insufficiency and risk of death among HIV-infected adults on antiretroviral therapy in Lusaka, Zambia
Mulenga L, Kruse G, Lakhi S, et al. AIDS. 2008;22:1821-7. Includes commentary from the UCSF Institute for Global Health.
Adherence support workers: A way to address human resource constraints in antiretroviral treatment programs in the public health setting in Zambia
Torpey K, Mushota E, Mutale LN, et al. PLoS ONE. 2008;3(5):e2204. Includes commentary from the UCSF Institute for Global Health.
The cost-effectiveness of cotrimoxazole prophylaxis in HIV-infected children in Zambia
Ryan M, Griffin S, Chitah B, Walker AS, Mulenga V, Kalolo D, et al. AIDS 2008;22:749-57. Includes commentary from the UCSF Institute for Global Health.
Community-based follow-up for late patients enrolled in a district-wide programme for antiretroviral therapy in Lusaka, Zambia
Krebs DW, Chi BH, Mulenga Y, Morris M, Cantrell RA, Mulenga L, et al. AIDS Care 2008;20:311-17. Includes commentary from the UCSF Institute for Global Health.
High uptake of exclusive breastfeeding and reduced early post-natal HIV transmission
Kuhn L, Sinkala M, Kankasa C, Semrau K, Kasonde P, Scott N, et al. PLoS ONE. 2007 Dec 6;2(12):e1363. Includes commentary from the UCSF Institute for Global Health.
Research Summaries
Food on the Table: The Role of Livelihood Strategies in Maintaining Nutritional Status Among ART Patients in Kenya and Zambia
Horizons/Population Council, 2008 [PDF, 664K]
Social Relationships and Adolescents' HIV Counseling and Testing Decisions in Zambia
Horizons/Population Council, June 2006. [PDF, 416K]
Provider Education and Training
Antiretroviral Treatment Skills and Knowledge Notebook for Community Workers in Southern Africa
Southern Africa HIV and AIDS Information Dissemination Service (SAfAIDS), USAID, 2008. [PDF, 1.79MB]
Training of Traditional Healers - Facilitator's Guide
Zambia Integrated Health Program, 2003. [PDF, 1.4MB]
Clinician Support Tools
Antiretroviral Therapy for Chronic HIV Infection in Adults and Adolescents: New ART Protocols
National AIDS Council Treatment Working Group, Zambia Ministry of Health, May 2007. [PDF, 327K]
Clinical Guidelines for Antiretroviral Therapy Management for Displaced Populations
Southern African HIV Clinicians Society, United Nations Refugee Agency (UNHCR), 2007. [PDF, 989K]
Program Management Materials
Nutrition, Food Security and HIV: A Compendium of Promising Practices
Castleman T, Mwadime R. Regional Centre for Quality of Health Care, Food and Nutrition Technical Assistance (FANTA) Project, October 2008. [PDF, 300K]
Monitoring and Evaluation of Zambia's HIV/AIDS Response: Reference Guide
National AIDS Council of Zambia, January 2008. [PDF, 2.22MB]
Zambia National Minimum Standards for Community and Home-Based Care Organisations
Technical Working Group on Voluntary Counseling and Testing (VCT)/Home-Based Care (HBC): HBC Forum, National AIDS Council, 2007. [PDF, 233K]
Zambia HIV Rapid Test Algorithm
National AIDS Council, 2007. [PDF, 1MB]
Workplace HIV and AIDS Policy Manual
National AIDS Council, Afya Mzuri, 2006. [PDF, 400K]
Facilitator's manual on Planning for Gender Sensitive Multi-Sectoral Response to HIV/AIDS Initiatives
National AIDS Council of Zambia, United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), January 2005. [PDF, 3.65MB]
Patient and Community Education
Our Future: Sexuality and Life Skills Education for Young People
International HIV/AIDS Alliance, December 2006. Available for grades 4-5, 6-7, and 8-9.
National Organizations
Zambia Ministry of Health
National HIV/AIDS/STI/TB Council
The council works to coordinate, monitor and evaluate inputs, outputs and the impact of HIV/AIDS programmes and interventions. This site provides information on the multi-sectoral response in Zambia and various reports on HIV and AIDS.
University of Zambia School of Medicine
Zambia National AIDS Network
This organization promotes coordination among HIV/AIDS service organisations and provides assistance to respond to the challenges of HIV/AIDS in Zambia.
International Organizations
Catholic Relief Services
This organization encourages HIV/AIDS prevention and supports AIDS orphans.
Supports local institutions seeking to address HIV/AIDS from a multisectoral perspective.
Project Concern International
Swedish Agency for International Development (SIDA)
UNICEF Zambia Page
USAID Zambia Mission
USAID promotes the integration of population, health and nutrition programs and democracy and governance. For more specific project information see AIDSMark/Population Services International.
World Bank
The site contains an overview, project information, data, publications and news.
World Vision
Faith-based relief and development NGO.
HIV/AIDS Web Sites
Children in Need Network (CHIN)
A network of over 70 organizations serving children in need in Zambia.