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Home > Countries & Regions > Sub-Saharan Africa > Swaziland
Updated July 2009
HIV/AIDS-Specific Country Profiles
Health and Development Profiles
Surveys and Assessments
Guidelines and Best Practices
Policy Reports and Papers
Journal Articles
Provider Education and Training
Clinician Support Tools
First-Person Accounts
Conferences and Events
Presentations, Interviews, and Roundtable Discussions
National Organizations
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Comprehensive Indicator Report
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Indicator Database
HIV/AIDS in Swaziland
Population, 20131,200,000
People living with HIV/AIDS, 2012210,000
Women (aged 15+) with HIV/AIDS, 2012110,000
Children with HIV/AIDS, 201222,000
Adult HIV prevalence (%), 201226.5
AIDS deaths, 20125,500
nd = No data
Source: Population Reference Bureau & UNAIDS
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These pages will be updated regularly. To suggest a document for inclusion on this page, please send an email to

HIV/AIDS-Specific Country Profiles
UNAIDS Country Profile
A brief summary of national socioeconomic conditions in the context of the HIV epidemic, and information (where available) on UNAIDS' country-level activities.
UNGASS 2008 Country Progress Report
Reports progress made in implementing the UN Declaration of Commitment on HIV/AIDS. The report includes summary indicator data through the end of 2007. [PDF, 1.5MB]
UNAIDS/WHO Epidemiological Fact Sheet
Statistics on the prevalence and incidence of HIV/AIDS and other sexually transmitted infections, and discussion of knowledge and behaviors related to HIV transmission. 2008. [PDF, 894K]
Global Fund Country Programs
Discussion of the national epidemic and description of HIV/AIDS projects supported by the Global Fund, including funding details, planned activities, and expected results.
IRIN Country Profile
Contact information for national HIV/AIDS organizations, selected indicators, and an epidemiological fact sheet from the United Nation's Integrated Regional Information Networks.
USAID HIV/AIDS Country Profile
A description of the HIV/AIDS epidemic in selected countries, the national response, and USAID programs and support. [PDF, 182K]
WHO HIV/AIDS Treatment Scale-Up Summary Country Profile
A summary of current antiretroviral therapy coverage and resource requirements for scaling up treatment in countries receiving support under the WHO's "3 by 5" treatment initiative. 2005. [PDF, 187K]
Health and Development Profiles
CIA World Factbook
Extensive data over a range of fields, including geography, population, government, the economy, the military, and communications.
Population Reference Bureau Country Profile
Key demographic, health, and development indicators, selected reports and articles, and links.
UNICEF Country Tables
Statistics in the areas of population, mortality, general and reproductive health, and education.
WHO Country Profile
Links to tables containing general health indicators, country profiles on specific diseases, and selected health-related documents. Also in Spanish and French.
Surveys and Assessments
Concurrent Sexual Partnerships and HIV Infection: Evidence from National Population-Based Surveys
Mishra V and Bignami-Van Assche S. Demographic and Health Surveys, UNAIDS, March 2009. [PDF, 576K]
Repositioning Postnatal Care in a High HIV Prevalence Environment: Operations Research in Swaziland
Warren C, Shongwe R, Waligo A, et al. The Population Council, February 2008.
Swaziland HIV Estimates and Projections
National Emergency Response Council on HIV and AIDS (NERCHA), December 2007.
Guidelines and Best Practices
Prevention of Mother to Child Transmission of HIV
2nd ed. Ministry of Health and Social Welfare, Swaziland, 2006. [PDF, 339K]
Policy Reports and Papers
HIV Prevention Response and Modes of Transmission Analysis
National Emergency Response Council on HIV and AIDS, World Bank Global HIV/AIDS Program, UNAIDS, March, 2009. [PDF, 1.7MB]
National HIV/AIDS Monitoring and Evaluation Annual Report 2008
National Emergency Response Council on HIV and AIDS (NERCHA). 2008. [PDF, 973K]
Report: The Road towards Universal Access to HIV and AIDS Prevention, Treatment, Care and Support
National Emergency Response Council on HIV and AIDS (NERCHA). November 2007. [PDF, 2.4MB]
Report Card on HIV Prevention for Girls and Young Women
United Nations Population Fund and the International Planned Parenthood Federation, 2007. [PDF, 363K]
Epidemic of Inequality: Women's Rights and HIV/AIDS in Botswana and Swaziland--An Evidence-Based Report on the Effects of Gender Inequity, Stigma and Discrimination
Physicians for Human Rights. May 25, 2007. [PDF, 2.3MB]
The National Multisectoral HIV and AIDS Policy
The National Emergency Response Council on HIV/AIDS, The Government of the Kingdom of Swaziland, June 2006. [PDF, 215K]
The Second National Multisectoral HIV and AIDS Strategic Plan: 2006-2008
The National Emergency Response Council on HIV/AIDS, The Government of the Kingdom of Swaziland, June 2006. [PDF, 631K] See also the report's Executive Summary. [PDF, 187K]
Journal Articles
Surveillance of transmitted HIV drug resistance in the Manzini-Mbabane corridor, Swaziland, in 2006
Maphalala G, Okello V, Mndzebele S, et al. Antivir Ther. 2008;13 Suppl 2:95-100.
Experiences of nurses working in Voluntary Counseling and Testing Services in Swaziland
Mkhabela MP, Mavundla TR, Sukati NA. J Assoc Nurses AIDS Care. 2008 Nov-Dec;19(6):470-9.
Provider Education and Training
Antiretroviral Treatment Skills and Knowledge Notebook for Community Workers in Southern Africa
Southern Africa HIV and AIDS Information Dissemination Service (SAfAIDS), USAID, 2008. [PDF, 1.79MB]
Clinician Support Tools
Clinical Guidelines for Antiretroviral Therapy Management for Displaced Populations
Southern African HIV Clinicians Society, United Nations Refugee Agency (UNHCR), 2007. [PDF, 989K]
First-Person Accounts
Pediatrician in Swaziland
Ryan Phelps, a pediatrician from Denison, Texas, tells tales about his work in Swaziland with the Baylor International Pediatric AIDS Initiative.
Conferences and Events
Access to ARVs: How free is free for all?
Proceedings from the Swaziland Antiretroviral Therapy Policy Dialogue. National HIV and AIDS Information and Training Centre. Manzini, Swaziland. May 16, 2007.
Nutrition, Herbs and ART: How can This Critical Linkage Be Supported By Policy?
Proceedings from the second Antiretroviral Therapy Policy Dialogue. Manzini, Swaziland. July 17, 2007.
Presentations, Interviews, and Roundtable Discussions
Male Partner Circumcision and HIV Seroconversion among Participants in the Phase 3 Carraguard Microbicide Trial
Gehret M, Palanee T, Skhosana J. Presentation at Microbicides 2008. New Delhi, India. February 24-27, 2008. [PDF]
National Organizations
Ministry of Health, Swaziland
National Emergency Response Council on HIV/AIDS (NERCHA)
NERCHA is mandated by the Swaziland government to coordinate and facilitate the national mulitsectoral response to HIV/AIDS.
Nhlangano AIDS Training Information and Counselling Centre (NATICC)
A church-based, non-profit NGO that provides Information, training and counselling on HIV/AIDS.
Swaziland Action Group Against Abuse (SWAGAA)
Provides a broad range of programs and services to address the issue of violence, particularly the abuse of women and children.
The AIDS Information and Support Centre (TASC)
Works to provide voluntary walk-in counseling and HIV antibody testing (VCT) with a rural outreach program which covers 35 communities in the 4 regions of Swaziland.