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Home > Countries & Regions > Sub-Saharan Africa > Uganda
Updated July 2009
HIV/AIDS-Specific Country Profiles
Health and Development Profiles
Guidelines and Best Practices
Surveys and Assessments
Policy Reports and Papers
Journal Articles
Research Summaries
Presentations, Interviews, and Roundtable Discussions
Provider Education and Training
Clinician Support Tools
Program Management Materials
National Organizations
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International Organizations
HIV/AIDS Web Sites
Conferences and Events
Comprehensive Indicator Report
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Indicator Database
Focus on Care and Treatment
HIV/AIDS in Uganda
Population, 201336,900,000
People living with HIV/AIDS, 20121,500,000
Women (aged 15+) with HIV/AIDS, 2012780,000
Children with HIV/AIDS, 2012190,000
Adult HIV prevalence (%), 20127.2
AIDS deaths, 201263,000
nd = No data
Source: Population Reference Bureau & UNAIDS
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These pages will be updated regularly. To suggest a document for inclusion on this page, please send an email to

HIV/AIDS-Specific Country Profiles
PEPFAR Country Profile
A summary of the activities of the U.S. President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) in selected countries.
UNAIDS/WHO Epidemiological Fact Sheet
Statistics on the prevalence and incidence of HIV/AIDS and other sexually transmitted infections, and discussion of knowledge and behaviors related to HIV transmission. 2008. [PDF, 1 MB]
Global Fund Country Programs
Discussion of the national epidemic and description of HIV/AIDS projects supported by the Global Fund, including funding details, planned activities, and expected results.
HIV/AIDS in Uganda
Lisa Garbus, Elliot Marseille. Country AIDS Policy Analysis Project, AIDS Policy Research Center, University of California San Francisco, November 2003.
WHO HIV/AIDS Treatment Scale-Up Summary Country Profile
A summary of current antiretroviral therapy coverage and resource requirements for scaling up treatment in countries receiving support under the WHO's "3 by 5" treatment initiative. 2005. [PDF, 374K]
UNGASS 2008 Country Progress Report
Reports progress made in implementing the UN Declaration of Commitment on HIV/AIDS. The report includes summary indicator data through the end of 2007. [PDF, 1MB ]
Health and Development Profiles
CIA World Factbook
Extensive data over a range of fields, including geography, population, government, the economy, the military, and communications.
Population Reference Bureau Country Profile
Key demographic, health, and development indicators, selected reports and articles, and links.
UNICEF Country Tables
Statistics in the areas of population, mortality, general and reproductive health, and education.
WHO Country Profile
Links to tables containing general health indicators, country profiles on specific diseases, and selected health-related documents. Also in Spanish and French.
Guidelines and Best Practices
National ARV Treatment and Care Guidelines for Adults and Children
Uganda Ministry of Health, November 2003. [MS Word, 416K] See also National Guidelines for Implementation of Antiretroviral Therapy May 2003. Ministry of Health, Uganda. [PDF, 4.5MB]
Antiretroviral Treatment Policy for Uganda
Uganda Ministry of Health, June 2003. [Word, 187K]
Policy for Reduction of the Mother To-Child HIV Transmission In Uganda
May 2003. Ministry of Health, Uganda. [PDF, 470K]
Serologic Diagnosis of HIV Infections: Evolving Roles of National Reference Laboratories
Materials include best practices, technical guidelines, monitoring and evaluation guidelines, and training materials. Uganda Ministry of Health, November 2002.
Nutritional Care and Support for People Living with HIV/AIDS in Uganda: Guidelines for Service Providers
Uganda Ministry of Health STD/AIDS Control Programme, Uganda Action for Nutrition, Food and Nutrition Technical Assistance Project (FANTA), n.d. [PDF, 632K]
Surveys and Assessments
Concurrent Sexual Partnerships and HIV Infection: Evidence from National Population-Based Surveys
Mishra V and Bignami-Van Assche S. Demographic and Health Surveys, UNAIDS, March 2009. [PDF, 576K]
The Role of Partner Reduction and Faithfulness in HIV Prevention in Sub-Saharan Africa: Evidence from Cameroon, Rwanda, Uganda, and Zimbabwe
Vinod Mishra, Rathavuth Hong, Simona Bignami-Van Assche, Macro International Inc., January 2009. [PDF, 400K]
Uganda: HIV/AIDS Sero-Behavioural Survey 2004-2005
Ministry of Health, Uganda, March 2006. [PDF, 2.3MB]
Policy Reports and Papers
HIV Prevention Response and Modes of Transmission Analysis
Uganda National AIDS Commission, World Bank Global HIV/AIDS Program, UNAIDS, March 2009. [PDF, 1.7MB]
Revised CD4 Cell Count for ART
Uganda Ministry of Health. Kampala, Uganda, February 2009. [PDF, 122K]
HIV/AIDS, Human Rights, and Legal Services in Uganda
Stella Mukasa, Anne Gathumbi, Open Society Institute, May 2008.
Adults´ Perceptions of Adolescents´ Sexual and Reproductive Health: Qualitative Evidence from Uganda
Kibmobo R et al. Guttmacher Institute, February 2008. [PDF, 530K]
Rapid Analysis of HIV Epidemiological and Response Data on Vulnerable Populations in the Great Lakes Region of Africa
Great Lakes Initiative on AIDS (GLIA), Global HIV/AIDS Monitoring and Evaluation Team (GAMET), Global HIV/AIDS Program, World Bank, January 2008. [PDF, 3.23MB]
Protecting the Next Generation in Uganda: New Evidence on Adolescent Sexual and Reproductive Health Needs
Darabi L, Akinrinola B, Kalundi S, et al. Guttmacher Institute, 2008. [PDF, 1.45MB]
Report Card on HIV Prevention for Girls and Young Women
United Nations Population Fund and the International Planned Parenthood Federation, 2007. [PDF, 345K]
Protecting the Next Generation in Sub-Saharan Africa: Learning from Adolescents to Prevent HIV and Unintended Pregnancy
Ann E. Biddlecom, Laura Hessburg, Susheela Singh, et al. Guttmacher Institute, 2007. [PDF, 3.84MB]
The Politics of HIV/AIDS in Uganda
Tumushabe J. United Nations Research Institute for Social Development, August 2006. [PDF, 630K]
Journal Articles
The impact of maternal highly active antiretroviral therapy and short-course combination antiretrovirals for prevention of mother-to-child transmission on early infant infection Rates at the Mulago National Referral Hospital in Kampala, Uganda, January 2007 to May 2009
Namukwaya Z, Mudiope P, Kekitiinwa A, Musoke P, Matovu J, Kayma S, Salmond W, Bitarakwate E, Mubiru M, Maganda A, Galla M, Byamugisha J, Fowler MG. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2011; 56: Number, 69-75. Includes commentary from the UCSF Institute for Global Health.
HIV-1 transmission among HIV-1 discordant couples before and after the introduction of antiretroviral therapy in Rakai, Uganda
Reynolds SJ, Makumbi F, Nakigozi G, Kagaayi J, Gray RH, Wawer M, Quinn TC, Serwadda D. AIDS. 2011 Feb 20;25(4):473-7. Includes commentary from the UCSF Institute for Global Health.
Association of aging and survival in a large HIV-infected cohort on antiretroviral therapy in Uganda
Bakanda C, Birungi J, Mwesigwa R, Ford N, Cooper CL, Au-Yeung C, Chan K, Nachega JB, Wood E, Hogg RS, Dybul M, Mills EJ. AIDS. 2011 Mar 13;25(5):701-705. Includes commentary from the UCSF Institute for Global Health.
Rates of virological failure in patients treated in a home-based versus a facility-based HIV-care model in Jinja, southeast Uganda: a cluster-randomised equivalence trial
Jaffar S, Amuron B, Foster S, et al. Lancet 2009 Dec 19;374(9707):2080-9. Includes commentary from the UCSF Institute for Global Health.
Breastfeeding, mother-to-child HIV transmission, and mortality among infants born to HIV-infected women on highly active antiretroviral therapy in rural Uganda
Homsy J, Moore D, Barasa A. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2010 Jan 1;53(1):28-35. Includes commentary from the UCSF Institute for Global Health.
Failure of immunologic criteria to appropriately identify antiretroviral treatment failure in Uganda
Reynolds S, Nakigozi G, Newell K, et al. AIDS 2009. Mar 27;23(6):697-700. Includes commentary from the UCSF Institute for Global Health.
Two-year virologic outcomes of an alternative AIDS care model: evaluation of a peer health worker and nurse-staffed community-based program in Uganda
Chang LW, Alamo S, Guma S, et al. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 2009;50:276-82. Includes commentary from the UCSF Institute for Global Health.
HIV prevalence and incidence are no longer falling in southwest Uganda: evidence from a rural population cohort 1989-2005
Shafer LA, Biraro S, Nakiyingi-Miiro J, et al. AIDS. 2008;22(13):1641-9. Includes commentary from the UCSF Institute for Global Health.
Point-of-care lactate testing predicts mortality of severe sepsis in a predominantly HIV type 1-infected patient population in Uganda
Moore CC, Jacob ST, Pinkerton R, Meya DB, Mayanja-Kizza, Reynolds SJ, et al. Clin Infect Dis. 2008 Jan 15;46(2):215-22. Includes commentary from the UCSF Institute for Global Health.
A novel economic intervention to reduce HIV risks among school-going AIDS orphans in rural Uganda
Ssewamala FM, Alicea S, Bannon WM Jr, Ismayilova L. J Adolesc Health 2008 Jan;42(1):102-4. Includes commentary from the UCSF Institute for Global Health.
Research Summaries
Private-for-Profit HIV/AIDS Care in Uganda: An Assessment
Kyayise A, Kyeyagalire R. University Research Corp (URC). USAID. December 2008. [PDF, 553K]
Sexual and Reproductive Health Needs of Adolescents Perinatally Infected with HIV in Uganda
Birungi H, Mugisha J, Nyombi J, et al. Population Council. July 2008. [PDF, 460K]
Presentations, Interviews, and Roundtable Discussions
HIV InSite Interview with Sam Tushabe
HIV InSite interview with Sam Tushabe, Director of the AIDS Orphans Education Trust in Uganda. September 2002.
Provider Education and Training
Nutrition Care for People Living with HIV and AIDS: Training Manual for Community and Home-Based Care Providers
Regional Centre for Quality of Health Care, Makerere University, Uganda, 2008. [PDF, 2.86MB]
Clinician Support Tools
Food and Nutrition Counselling for PLWHA on Antiretroviral Therapy: A Job Aid for Counselors and Antiretroviral Therapy Service Providers
Regional Centre for Quality of Health Care, Food and Nutrition Technical Assistance Project, April 2005. [PDF, 201K]
Fact Sheet on Healthy Eating for PLWHA
Regional Centre for Quality of Health Care, Food and Nutrition Technical Assistance Project, April 2005. [PDF, 110K] See also related resources:
Nutrition for PLWHA: A Meal Planning Tool [PDF, 81K]
Nutritional Care for People Living with HIV/AIDS: Answers to Frequently Asked Questions [PDF, 2.3MB]
Nutrition for PLWHA: Counselling Cards [PDF, 2.3MB]
Program Management Materials
Nutrition, Food Security and HIV: A Compendium of Promising Practices
Castleman T, Mwadime R. Regional Centre for Quality of Health Care, Food and Nutrition Technical Assistance (FANTA) Project, October 2008. [PDF, 300K]
Promising practices II : HIV and AIDS integrated programming
Catholic Relief Services (CRS). March 2008.
Current research and good practice in HIV and AIDS treatment education
U.N. Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO). World Health Organization (WHO). January 2007.
National Organizations
Uganda AIDS Commission
Uganda Ministry of Health (UMH)
AIDS Information Centre Uganda
Aims to be a model of excellence in the provision and expansion of voluntary counseling and testing, information and education, and the promotion of care and support.
Hope for African Children Initiative
Community-based effort for children orphaned by AIDS or whose parents are ill or dying of AIDS-related causes.
Hope Clinic Lukuli
A non-profit organization providing community medical services.
National Community of Women Living With HIV/AIDS in Uganda (NACWOLA)
Services include psychosocial support through home visits and counseling to members, their children and communities. Helps establish guardianship arrangements and provide documentation of important family history and memories in a "memory book."
Reach Out
Kampala-based organization providing health care, social support, and community outreach services to the poorest and most vulnerable of the city's population.
International Organizations
Eastern African National Network of AIDS Service Organisations (EANNASO)
Regional umbrella network of HIV and AIDS service organisations covering 14 countries in Eastern Africa focused on strengthening network capacities and improving national responses to HIV/AIDS.
Pangaea Global AIDS Foundation
Dedicated to battling the impact of HIV at the international level, particularly in developing nations, by integrating medical and prevention efforts.
USAID Global Health Uganda
USAID is working to increase health sector resources to confront the HIV/AIDS epidemic. Site links to 2002 program report, HIV/AIDS fact sheet, project profiles, and a directory of HIV/AIDS associations.
HIV/AIDS Web Sites
This web site features weekly broadcasts from Kimasomaso, a Swahili radio series which explores sexual and reproductive health issues with and by young people.
Conferences and Events
2008 HIV/AIDS Implementers' Meeting
Conference Summary. Kampala, Uganda, June 3-7, 2008.