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Home > Countries & Regions > Sub-Saharan Africa > Lesotho
Updated July 2009
HIV/AIDS-Specific Country Profiles
Health and Development Profiles
Surveys and Assessments
Policy Reports and Papers
Journal Articles
Provider Education and Training
Clinician Support Tools
National Organizations
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International Organizations
Comprehensive Indicator Report
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Indicator Database
HIV/AIDS in Lesotho
Population, 20132,200,000
People living with HIV/AIDS, 2012360,000
Women (aged 15+) with HIV/AIDS, 2012190,000
Children with HIV/AIDS, 201238,000
Adult HIV prevalence (%), 201223.1
AIDS deaths, 201215,000
nd = No data
Source: Population Reference Bureau & UNAIDS
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HIV/AIDS-Specific Country Profiles
UNAIDS Country Profile
A brief summary of national socioeconomic conditions in the context of the HIV epidemic, and information (where available) on UNAIDS' country-level activities.
UNAIDS 2008 Country Progress Report
Reports progress made in implementing the UN Declaration of Commitment on HIV/AIDS. The report includes summary indicator data through the end of 2007. [PDF, 848K]
UNAIDS/WHO Epidemiological Fact Sheet
Statistics on the prevalence and incidence of HIV/AIDS and other sexually transmitted infections, and discussion of knowledge and behaviors related to HIV transmission. 2008. [PDF, 922K]
Global Fund Country Programs
Discussion of the national epidemic and description of HIV/AIDS projects supported by the Global Fund, including funding details, planned activities, and expected results.
IRIN Country Profile
Contact information for national HIV/AIDS organizations, selected indicators, antiretroviral treatment statistics, and an epidemiological fact sheet from the United Nation's Integrated Regional Information Networks.
USAID HIV/AIDS Country Profile
A description of the HIV/AIDS epidemic in selected countries, the national response, and USAID programs and support. [PDF, 102K]
WHO HIV/AIDS Treatment Scale-Up Summary Country Profile
A summary of current antiretroviral therapy coverage and resource requirements for scaling up treatment in countries receiving support under the WHO's "3 by 5" treatment initiative. 2005. [PDF, 293K]
Demographic and Health Surveys, 2009 [PDF, 1.3MB]
Health and Development Profiles
CIA World Factbook
Extensive data over a range of fields, including geography, population, government, the economy, the military, and communications.
Population Reference Bureau Country Profile
Key demographic, health, and development indicators, selected reports and articles, and links.
UNICEF Country Tables
Statistics in the areas of population, mortality, general and reproductive health, and education.
WHO Country Profile
Links to tables containing general health indicators, country profiles on specific diseases, and selected health-related documents. Also in Spanish and French.
Surveys and Assessments
Concurrent Sexual Partnerships and HIV Infection: Evidence from National Population-Based Surveys
Mishra V and Bignami-Van Assche S. Demographic and Health Surveys, UNAIDS, March 2009. [PDF, 576K]
Lesotho Demographic and Health Survey 2004
Ministry of Health and Social Welfare, Lesotho, Bureau of Statistics, Lesotho, ORC Macro Calverton, November 2005. [PDF] See also HIV fact sheet.
Policy Reports and Papers
Annual HIV and AIDS Response Report (2008-2009)
Presented at the HIV and AIDS Annual Partnership Forum, May 27, 2009. [PDF, 1.19MB]
HIV Prevention Response and Modes of Transmission Analysis
Lesotho National AIDS Commission, World Bank Global HIV/AIDS Program, UNAIDS, March 2009. [PDF, 1.4MB]
Reviewing "Emergencies" in HIV and AIDS-affected Countries in Southern Africa: Shifting the Paradigm in Lesotho
Kwame Owusu-Ampomah, Scott Naysmith, Clara Rubincam, National AIDS Commission, Lesotho, January 2009. [PDF, 1.81MB]
Alleviating the Burden of Responsibility: Report on a Study of Men as Providers of Community-Based HIV/AIDS Care and Support in Lesotho
Lesotho Ministry of Health and Social Welfare, The Capacity Project, USAID January 2009. [PDF, 447K]
Gender and Multiple and Concurrent Sexual Partnerships in Lesotho
National AIDS Commission (NAC) Lesotho, UNAIDS, and Family Health International (FHI), November 2008. [PDF, 442K]
Male Circumcision in Lesotho: Situation Analysis Report
Ministry of Health and Social Welfare, Lesotho, World Health Organization (WHO), October 2008. [PDF, 1.42MB]
Extending Prevention of Mother-to-Child Transmission through Postpartum Family Planning in Lesotho
Frontiers in Reproductive Health, Ministry of Health and Social Welfare, Lesotho, September 2008. [PDF, 1.21MB]
Desire for Children and Unmet Need for Contraception among HIV-Positive Women in Lesotho
Tim Adair, Macro International Inc., USAID, March 2007. [PDF, 134K]
Coordination Framework for the National Response to HIV and AIDS
National AIDS Commission, Lesotho, 2007. [PDF, 230K]
National HIV and AIDS Policy
National AIDS Commission, Lesotho, 2006. [PDF, 436K]
National HIV and AIDS Strategic Plan (2006-2011)
National AIDS Commission, Lesotho, 2006. [PDF, 560K]
National HIV and AIDS Monitoring and Evaluation Plan (2006-2011)
National AIDS Commission, Lesotho, 2006. [PDF, 298K]
Journal Articles
Confidentiality or continuity? Family caregivers' experiences with care for HIV/AIDS patients in home-based care in Lesotho.
Makoae MG, Jubber K. SAHARA J. 2008 Apr;5(1):36-46.
Male and Female Circumcision Associated With Prevalent HIV Infection in Virgins and Adolescents in Kenya, Lesotho, and Tanzania.
Brewer DD, Potterat JJ, Roberts JM Jr, Brody S. Ann. Epidemiol. 2007 Mar;17(3):217-226.
Provider Education and Training
Antiretroviral Treatment Skills and Knowledge Notebook for Community Workers in Southern Africa
Southern Africa HIV and AIDS Information Dissemination Service (SAfAIDS), USAID, 2008. [PDF, 1.79MB]
Antiretroviral Therapy Literacy for Community-Based Caregivers: A Reference Manual
Southern Africa HIV/AIDS Information Dissemination Service (SAFAIDS), Government of Lesotho, n.d. [4.37MB] Also see the course handbook.
Clinician Support Tools
Clinical Guidelines for Antiretroviral Therapy Management for Displaced Populations
Southern African HIV Clinicians Society, United Nations Refugee Agency (UNHCR), 2007. [PDF, 989K]
National Organizations
Ministry of Health and Social Welfare
National AIDS Commission
Apparel Lesotho Alliance to Fight AIDS (ALAFA)
Provides HIV/AIDS prevention and treatment for workers in the textile and apparel industry.
Lesotho Network of People Living With HIV/AIDS
Promotes unity and involvement among people living with HIV/AIDS in Lesotho.
International Organizations
Partners in Health
Worldvision in Lesotho
Care International in Lesotho