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Home > Countries & Regions > Sub-Saharan Africa > Ethiopia
Updated July 2009
HIV/AIDS-Specific Country Profiles
Health and Development Profiles
Guidelines and Best Practices
Surveys and Assessments
Policy Reports and Papers
Journal Articles
Research Summaries
Presentations, Interviews, and Roundtable Discussions
Online Books and Chapters
Provider Education and Training
Program Management Materials
Patient and Community Education
National Organizations
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International Organizations
Conferences and Events
Other Information Sources
Comprehensive Indicator Report
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Indicator Database
Focus on Care and Treatment
HIV/AIDS in Ethiopia
Population, 201389,200,000
People living with HIV/AIDS, 2012760,000
Women (aged 15+) with HIV/AIDS, 2012380,000
Children with HIV/AIDS, 2012170,000
Adult HIV prevalence (%), 20121.3
AIDS deaths, 201247,000
nd = No data
Source: Population Reference Bureau & UNAIDS
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HIV/AIDS-Specific Country Profiles
PEPFAR Country Profile
A summary of the activities of the U.S. President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) in selected countries.
UNAIDS Country Profile
A brief summary of national socioeconomic conditions in the context of the HIV epidemic, and information (where available) on UNAIDS' country-level activities.
UNGASS 2008 Country Progress Report
Reports progress made in implementing the UN Declaration of Commitment on HIV/AIDS. The report includes summary indicator data through the end of 2007. [PDF, 469K]
UNAIDS/WHO Epidemiological Fact Sheet
Statistics on the prevalence and incidence of HIV/AIDS and other sexually transmitted infections, and discussion of knowledge and behaviors related to HIV transmission. 2008. [PDF, 1.1MB]
Global Fund Country Programs
Discussion of the national epidemic and description of HIV/AIDS projects supported by the Global Fund, including funding details, planned activities, and expected results.
HIV/AIDS in Ethiopia
Lisa Garbus. Country AIDS Policy Analysis Project, AIDS Policy Research Center, University of California San Francisco, April 2003.
IRIN Country Profile
Contact information for national HIV/AIDS organizations, selected indicators, antiretroviral treatment statistics, and an epidemiological fact sheet from the United Nation's Integrated Regional Information Networks.
WHO HIV/AIDS Treatment Scale-Up Summary Country Profile
A summary of current antiretroviral therapy coverage and resource requirements for scaling up treatment in countries receiving support under the WHO's "3 by 5" treatment initiative. 2005. [PDF, 361K]
HIV/AIDS in Ethiopia: An Epidemiological Synthesis
Ethiopia HIV/AIDS Prevention and Control Office, Global HIV/AIDS Monitoring and Evaluation Team, World Bank Global HIV/AIDS Program, April 2008. [PDF 1.12MB]
Health and Development Profiles
CIA World Factbook
Extensive data over a range of fields, including geography, population, government, the economy, the military, and communications.
Population Reference Bureau Country Profile
Key demographic, health, and development indicators, selected reports and articles, and links.
UNICEF Country Tables
Statistics in the areas of population, mortality, general and reproductive health, and education.
WHO Country Profile
Links to tables containing general health indicators, country profiles on specific diseases, and selected health-related documents. Also in Spanish and French.
Guidelines and Best Practices
National Guidelines for HIV/AIDS and Nutrition in Ethiopia
HIV/AIDS Prevention and Control Office, Ethiopia Ministry of Health, October 2008. [PDF, 1.0MB]
Guidelines for Paediatric HIV/AIDS Care and Treatment in Ethiopia
HIV/AIDS Prevention and Control Office, Ethiopia Ministry of Health, July 2008. [PDF, 2.29MB]
Guidelines for Prevention of Mother-to-Child Transmission of HIV In Ethiopia
HIV/AIDS Prevention and Control Office, Ethiopia Ministry of Health, July 2007. [PDF, 472K] See also Back Pocket Updates: Prevention of Mother- to-Child Transmission of HIV [PDF, 1.32MB]
Guidelines for Managment of Opportunistic Infections and Antiretroviral Treatment in Adolescents and Adults in Ethiopia
HIV/AIDS Prevention and Control Office, Ethiopia Ministry of Health, July 2007. [PDF, 609K]
Guidelines for HIV Counseling and Testing in Ethiopia
HIV/AIDS Prevention and Control Office, Ethiopia Ministry of Health, July 2007. [PDF, 325K]
Guidelines for Implementation of the Antiretroviral Therapy Programme in Ethiopia
Ethiopia Ministry of Health, July 2007. [PDF, 1.1MB]
Compiled Information on Antiretroviral Drugs
This page contains a list of the hospitals issuing ARV prescriptions, pharmacies distributing ARVs, and clinics conducting CD4 and viral load tests.
Guideline for Cotrimoxazole Prophylaxis in HIV/AIDS Care and Treatment
Ethiopia Ministry of Health, February 2006. [PDF, 3.1MB]
National Guidelines for the Management of STI Using the Syndromic Approach
HIV/AIDS Prevention and Control Office, Ethiopia Ministry of Health, 2006. [PDF, 7.37MB]
Surveys and Assessments
Concurrent Sexual Partnerships and HIV Infection: Evidence from National Population-Based Surveys
Mishra V and Bignami-Van Assche S. Demographic and Health Surveys, UNAIDS, March 2009. [PDF, 576K]
AIDS in Ethiopia: Sixth Report
Ethiopia Ministry of Health, September, 2006. [PDF, 645K]
Ethiopia Demographic and Health Survey 2005
Topics include reproduction, contraception, pregnancy, fertility preferences, HIV, STDs, AIDS, and sexual activity. Central Statistical Agency, Ethiopia, September 2006. [PDF, 3MB]
HIV/AIDS Behavioral Surveillance Survey (BSS) in Ethiopia: Round Two
Ethiopia Ministry of Health, HIV/AIDS Prevention and Control Office, Addis Ababa University, Central Statistical Agency, 2005. [PDF, 987K]
Policy Reports and Papers
Ethiopia HIV/AIDS Care and Support Program: Semiannual Progress Report, July 1-December 31, 2008.
Ethiopia HIV/AIDS Care and Support Program, USAID, January 2009. [PDF, 459K]
HIV/AIDS Related Commodity Requirements for the Federal Republic of Ethiopia: 2009-2014
HIV/AIDS Prevention and Control Office, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, December 2008. [PDF, 2.74MB]
Working with Road Contractors to Prevent HIV Infection: Experience and Lessons from the Ethiopia Roads Sector Program
Antoine Lema, John Riverson, Negede Lewi, Global HIV/AIDS Program, World Bank, October 2008. [PDF, 635K]
Quality Management Framework for HIV/AIDS Services in Ethiopia
HIV/AIDS Prevention and Control Office, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, July 2008.
HIV/AIDS in Ethiopia : An Epidemiological Synthesis
Ethiopia HIV/AIDS Prevention and Control Office (HAPCO), Global AIDS Monitoring and Evaluation Team (GAMET), World Bank Global HIV/AIDS Program, April 2008. [PDF, 1.06MB]
TB and HIV/AIDS Integration in Ethiopia, Kenya, Tanzania, and Eritrea
Jan van den Hombergh, Kitty Lambregts-van Weezenbeek, AIDS Campaign Team for Africa (ACT Africa), World Bank, 2008. [PDF, 1.2MB]
Multisectoral Plan of Action for Universal Access to HIV Prevention, Treatment, Care and Support in Ethiopia: 2007-2010
National HIV/AIDS Prevention and Control Office, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, December 2007. [PDF, 1.05MB]
National Network of Positive Women Ethiopians Strategic Plan 2007-2010: Working for Positive Change
National Network of Positive Women Ethiopians (NNPWE), July 2007. [PDF, 1.87MB]
Report Card on HIV Prevention for Girls and Young Women
United Nations Population Fund and the International Planned Parenthood Federation, 2007. [PDF, 209K]
Antiretroviral Drugs for All? Obstacles to Access to HIV/AIDS Treatment - Lessons from Ethiopia, Haiti, India, Nepal and Zambia
The Panos Global AIDS Programme, May 2006. [PDF, 403K]
Journal Articles
Steep declines in population-level AIDS mortality following the introduction of antiretroviral therapy in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
Reniers G, Araya T, Davey G, et al. AIDS. 2009 Feb 20;23(4):511-8.
Adherence to highly active antiretroviral therapy and its correlates among HIV infected pediatric patients in Ethiopia.
Biadgilign S, Deribew A, Amberbir A, Deribe K. BMC Pediatr. 2008 Dec 6;8:53.
Research Summaries
Changes in HIV-Related Knowledge and Behavior in Ethiopia, 2000-2005
Further Analysis of the 2005 Ethiopia DHS. Suzuki C, Mishra V, Govindasamy P, et al. Macro International Inc., April 2008. [PDF, 619K] See also Evaluating HIV Seroprevalence Estimates from Ethiopia and Factors Associated with Prevalent HIV Infections among Ethiopian Adults.
VCT Events: Country Case Studies in Malawi, Ethiopia, and Brazil
Goldberg A, Kombe G. Abt Associates, Inc., World Health Organization (WHO), January 2008. [PDF, 450K]
Common at Its Core: HIV-Related Stigma Across Contexts
Jessica Ogden, Laura Nyblade. International Center for Research on Women, 2005. [PDF, 415K] See also Disentangling HIV and AIDS Stigma in Ethiopia, Tanzania and Zambia, 2003. [PDF, 1MB]
Presentations, Interviews, and Roundtable Discussions
HIV Clinical Care Discussion in Ethiopia
Johns Hopkins Center for Clinical Global Health Education. Archived video presentations from March, 2005 to May, 2007 on HIV/AIDS and related topics.
The Girls Left Behind: Out of the Box and Out of Reach
Bruce J. Gender Dimensions of HIV and Adolescent Programming in Ethiopia, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, April 11, 2007. [PDF, 1.94MB]
Online Books and Chapters
An Overview of HIV/AIDS in Ethiopia
Berhane Y, Wuhib T, Sanders E, et al., in: The Epidemiology and Ecology of Health and Disease in Ethiopia (chapter 26), Shama Books, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, 2006. [PDF, 322K]
Provider Education and Training
Ethiopian Guide to Clinical Nutrition Care for Children and Adults with HIV: Trainer's Manual
Ethiopia Ministry of Health, September 2008. [PDF, 2.32MB] See also the trainee's manual.
Guideline for HIV Care/ART Clinical Mentoring in Ethiopia
HIV/AIDS Prevention and Control Office, Ethiopia Ministry of Health, August 2007. [PDF, 309K]
Syndromic Management of STIs: Trainer's Guide
HIV/AIDS Prevention and Control Office, Ethiopia Federal Ministry of Health, 2006. [PDF] A reference manual is also available.
Introductory Curriculum on Pediatric HIV/AIDS Care and Treatment [Draft]: Trainer's Manual
Mailman School of Public Health at Columbia University. November 2005. [PDF, 3MB] See also the participant's manual. [PDF, 4MB]
Ethiopia National PMTCT Training Curriculum: Trainer's Guide
Ministry of Health, Ethiopia, April 2005. [PDF, 6MB] See also the Participant's Handbook [PDF, 294K] and Reference Manual [PDF, 4MB].
Nutritional Care and Support for People Living with HIV/AIDS: A Training Course
Ethiopia Ministry of Health, n.d. [PDF, 3.31MB]. See also the participant's guide. [PDF, 4.64MB]
Program Management Materials
National Nutrition and HIV/AIDS Implementation Reference Manual
Ethiopia Ministry of Health, September 2008. [PDF, 239K]
Patient and Community Education
Living Positively
Ethiopia AIDS Resource Center, 1997. In Amharic.
PMTCT Client Brochure
Ethiopia AIDS Resource Center, HAREG Project, n.d. In Amharic.
National Organizations
Ethiopia Ministry of Health
Amhara National Regional State HIV/AIDS Prevention and Control Secretariat
The Secretariat was established in December 2000 to coordinate all HIV/AIDS programs and activities of regional administrations and bureaux, NGOs, CBOs, religious organizations, the UN and other international partners and the National AIDS Council Secretariat in Amhara region.
AIDS Resource Center
Based in Addis Ababa, the Resource Center is the main source for up-to-date and accurate information on HIV/AIDS in Ethiopia. Web site contains factsheets, FAQs, databases, links, and news.
A Glimmer of Hope
Operates in rural Ethiopia. Its site contains an overview of the situation facing vulnerable people in rural areas, especially women and children.
A project active in the Tigray Region of Ethiopia, employing techniques of peer counseling along with public community visual and performance art to promote HIV/AIDS awareness, prevention, and sensitivity to those living with HIV/AIDS. The website shows examples of LIFESIGNS' art, descriptions of their projects, their mission, as well as ways to support this grassroots project.
International Organizations
Eastern African National Network of AIDS Service Organisations (EANNASO)
Regional umbrella network of HIV and AIDS service organisations covering 14 countries in Eastern Africa focused on strengthening network capacities and improving national responses to HIV/AIDS.
Organization provides access to medicines, treatment, and prevention education to strengthen regional medical infrastructure. Site details AIDS Treatment Access Program in select countries.
CARE International U.K.
Provides agricultural extension services, income-generation, family planning, and HIV/AIDS education. Site features country statistics, and links to related press releases. The CARE International U.S. site also details national and local development projects.
Center for Reproductive Rights
Site lists key indicators of women's and girls' status, reproductive health, and HIV/AIDS in Ethiopia.
Engender Health
Provides technical assistance, training, and information on reproductive health in areas lacking resources. Site features country fact sheet and related news releases.
Family Health International (FHI)
Ethiopia program overview.
Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF)
This site features current news updates about health and HIV/AIDS in Ethiopia with related articles and analysis.
In partnership with local NGOs, Pact bosters food security, HIV/AIDS prevention initiatives, reproductive health and orphan services.
People to People, Inc.
Organization offers prevention, treatment, counseling, and orphan services. Site features virtual clinic and links to related newscasts.
Swedish Agency for International Development (SIDA)
SIDA supports development projects in rural areas to increase agricultural output, expand healthcare and education. Funds medicine and reproductive health initiatives in Ethiopia.
Conferences and Events
Ethiopian National Conference on HIV and AIDS (ENCHA)
Ethiopia AIDS Resource Center, 2007.
Pediatric HIV/AIDS Care and Treatment in Ethiopia: Situational Analysis Report
International Center for AIDS Care and Treatment Programs - Ethiopia, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, January 25-27, 2006.
News/Periodicals Ethiopia
A compilation of daily news articles from a variety of media sources.
Other Information Sources
Abbyssinia Cyber Gateway
Site features numerous links to Ethiopian websites.
An electronic discussion forum for health professionals in Africa. Provides access to a range of critical information services.
Resource Directory of HIV/AIDS Services in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Addis Ababa Health Bureau, Regional AIDS Council Secretariat, Family Health International (FHI), 2003. [PDF, 1.4MB]