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Home > Countries & Regions > South & Southeast Asia > Pakistan
Updated July 2009
HIV/AIDS-Specific Country Profiles
Health and Development Profiles
Guidelines and Best Practices
Surveys and Assessments
Journal Articles
Policy Reports and Papers
Provider Education and Training
National Organizations
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Governmental Organizations
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Comprehensive Indicator Report
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Indicator Database
HIV/AIDS in Pakistan
Population, 2013190,700,000
People living with HIV/AIDS, 201287,000
Women (aged 15+) with HIV/AIDS, 201224,000
Children with HIV/AIDS, 2012nd
Adult HIV prevalence (%), 2012<0.1
AIDS deaths, 20123,500
nd = No data
Source: Population Reference Bureau & UNAIDS
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HIV/AIDS-Specific Country Profiles
UNAIDS Country Profile
A brief summary of national socioeconomic conditions in the context of the HIV epidemic, and information (where available) on UNAIDS' country-level activities.
UNGASS 2008 Country Progress Report
Reports progress made in implementing the UN Declaration of Commitment on HIV/AIDS. The report includes summary indicator data through the end of 2007. [PDF, 1.4MB]
UNAIDS/WHO Epidemiological Fact Sheet
Statistics on the prevalence and incidence of HIV/AIDS and other sexually transmitted infections, and discussion of knowledge and behaviors related to HIV transmission. 2008. [PDF, 625K]
Global Fund Country Programs
Discussion of the national epidemic and description of HIV/AIDS projects supported by the Global Fund, including funding details, planned activities, and expected results.
World Bank Country Brief
An overview of HIV in specific countries, including common risk factors, key challenges to HIV prevention, and both national and World Bank responses. August 2008. [PDF, 124]
USAID HIV/AIDS Country Profile
A description of the HIV/AIDS epidemic in selected countries, the national response, and USAID programs and support. [PDF, 117K]
Health and Development Profiles
CIA World Factbook
Extensive data over a range of fields, including geography, population, government, the economy, the military, and communications.
IRIN Country Profile
A summary of recent history and humanitarian efforts, selected indicators, and links from the United Nation's Integrated Regional Information Networks.
Population Reference Bureau Country Profile
Key demographic, health, and development indicators, selected reports and articles, and links.
UNICEF Country Tables
Statistics in the areas of population, mortality, general and reproductive health, and education.
WHO Country Profile
Links to tables containing general health indicators, country profiles on specific diseases, and selected health-related documents. Also in Spanish and French.
Guidelines and Best Practices
The National Guidelines for the Management of Sexually Transmitted Infections
National AIDS Control Programme, Ministry of Health, Pakistan. 2008. [PDF, 1.3MB]
Guidelines for the Use of Antiretroviral Therapy in HIV Positive Adults and Adolescents in Pakistan
National AIDS Control Programme, Ministry of Health, Pakistan. 2005. [PDF, 2.6MB]
Surveys and Assessments
Sexually Transmitted Infections and HIV Among People With High Risk Behaviours: Results of Behavioural and Biological Surveys in Rawalpindi and Abbottabad, Pakistan
London School of Hygeine &Tropical Medicine. April 2008. [PDF, 1.6MB]
National Study of Reproductive Tract Infections: Survey of High Risk Populations
National AIDS Control Program, August 2005. [PDF, 1.48MB]
Journal Articles
HIV and other sexually transmitted infections among men, transgenders and women selling sex in two cities in Pakistan: a cross-sectional prevalence survey
Hawkes S, Collumbien M, Platt L, et al. Sex Transm Infect. 2009 Apr;85 Suppl 2:ii8-16.
Large sharing networks and unusual injection practices explain the rapid rise in HIV among IDUs in Sargodha, Pakistan
Khan AA, Awan AB, Qureshi SU, Razaque A, Zafar ST. Harm Reduct J. 2009 Jun 26;6(1):13.
HIV and homosexuality in Pakistan
Rajabali A, Khan S, Warraich HJ, Khanani MR, Ali SH. Lancet Infect Dis. 2008 Aug;8(8):511-5.
HIV risk in Karachi and Lahore, Pakistan: an emerging epidemic in injecting and commercial sex networks
Bokhari A, Nizamani NM, Jackson DJ, et al. Int J STD AIDS. 2007 Jul;18(7):486-92.
Policy Reports and Papers
Confronting the HIV Challenge in Pakistan
Policy brief with research from the National AIDS Control Programme, Pakistan; Sindh Institute of Urology and Transplantation; and the London School of Hygiene & and Tropical Medicine. April 2009. [PDF, 350K]
AIDS In South Asia: Understanding and Responding to a Heterogeneous Epidemic
Moses S, Blanchard JF, Kang H, et al, World Bank, August 2006. [PDF, 1.4]
Guidelines for BCC: Enhancing Content and Strategies for Harm Reduction Service Provision
Shazia Mohammad, Habib Ahmed Afsar. National AIDS Control Programme, Futures Group, August 2004. [PDF, 609K]
Provider Education and Training
Caring for Ourselves, Our Families, and Our Communities: HIV/AIDS Care and Support Training Manual for a Concentrated Epidemic (Cover)
Both a Trainer's Manual, and a Participant's manual are available. National AIDS Control Programme, Ministry of Health, Pakistan. 2008. [PDF/Doc, 4.2MB]
Integrated Biology & Behavioral Surveillance: Training Manual for Master Trainers
Other surveillace materials are also available, such as a Field Operations manual in English & Urdu. Canada-Pakistan HIV/AIDS Surveillance Project. National AIDS Control Programme. 2008.
[PDF, 52MB]
National Organizations
Governmental Organizations
National AIDS Control Program
Resource of the Ministry of Health, Pakistan, with focuses on the prevention of HIV transmission, safe blood transfusions, reduction of STD transmission, establishment of surveillance, training of health staff, research and behavioural studies, and development of program management.
AMAL Human Development Network
A nonprofit organization working in the education, gender, and reproductive health sectors throughout Pakistan with particular emphasis on HIV/AIDS prevention and awareness, gender sensitization, reproductive health awareness, and capacity building of NGOs and individuals.
Nai Zindagi (A New Life)
A nonprofit organization working with disenfranchized groups in Pakistan to reduce HIV and drug-related harm.