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Home > Countries & Regions > South & Southeast Asia > Nepal
Updated July 2009
HIV/AIDS-Specific Country Profiles
Health and Development Profiles
Guidelines and Best Practices
Surveys and Assessments
Policy Reports and Papers
Journal Articles
HIV/AIDS Web Sites
Comprehensive Indicator Report
Quick Links
List of all countries
Indicator Database
Focus on Care and Treatment
HIV/AIDS in Nepal
Population, 201326,800,000
People living with HIV/AIDS, 201249,000
Women (aged 15+) with HIV/AIDS, 201214,000
Children with HIV/AIDS, 2012nd
Adult HIV prevalence (%), 20120.3
AIDS deaths, 20124,100
nd = No data
Source: Population Reference Bureau & UNAIDS
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HIV/AIDS-Specific Country Profiles
UNAIDS Country Profile
A brief summary of national socioeconomic conditions in the context of the HIV epidemic, and information (where available) on UNAIDS' country-level activities.
UNGASS 2008 Country Progress Report
Reports progress made in implementing the UN Declaration of Commitment on HIV/AIDS. The report includes summary indicator data through the end of 2007. [PDF, 593K]
UNAIDS/WHO Epidemiological Fact Sheet
Statistics on the prevalence and incidence of HIV/AIDS and other sexually transmitted infections, and discussion of knowledge and behaviors related to HIV transmission. 2008. [PDF, 934K]
Global Fund Country Programs
Discussion of the national epidemic and description of HIV/AIDS projects supported by the Global Fund, including funding details, planned activities, and expected results.
World Bank Country Brief
An overview of HIV in specific countries, including common risk factors, key challenges to HIV prevention, and both national and World Bank responses. August 2008. [PDF, 125K]
USAID HIV/AIDS Country Profile
A description of the HIV/AIDS epidemic in selected countries, the national response, and USAID programs and support. [PDF, 117K]
Health and Development Profiles
CIA World Factbook
Extensive data over a range of fields, including geography, population, government, the economy, the military, and communications.
Population Reference Bureau Country Profile
Key demographic, health, and development indicators, selected reports and articles, and links.
UNICEF Country Tables
Statistics in the areas of population, mortality, general and reproductive health, and education.
WHO Country Profile
Links to tables containing general health indicators, country profiles on specific diseases, and selected health-related documents. Also in Spanish and French.
Guidelines and Best Practices
National Guidelines for Antiretroviral (ARV) Therapy
National Center For AIDS and STD Control, Ministry of Health, Nepal 2003. [PDF, 475K]
Surveys and Assessments
Nepal Demographic and Health Survey 2006
Anjushree Pradhan, Prakash Dev Pant, and Pav Govindasamy, New ERA and Macro International Inc. December 2007.
Behavioral and Sero Prevalence Survey Among Injecting Drug Users in the Pokhara Valley, Nepal
Family Health International, 2004.
National Estimates of Adult HIV Infections, Nepal
Family Health International, 2003.
Policy Reports and Papers
HIV Vulnerabilities Faced by Women Migrants: from Asia to the Arab States
UNDP Regional Centre in Colombo. October 2008. [PDF, 2MB]
Rapid Situation Assessment of Drugs and HIV in Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Nepal and Sri Lanka
UNODC South Asia. 2008. [PDF, 1.5MB]
Review of Existing and Emerging Patterns of Sex Work in Nepal in the Context of HIV/AIDS
UNAIDS. February 2008. [PDF, 894K]
Report Card on HIV Prevention for Girls and Young Women
United Nations Population Fund and the International Planned Parenthood Federation, 2007. [PDF, 211K]
AIDS In South Asia: Understanding and Responding to a Heterogeneous Epidemic
Moses S, Blanchard JF, Kang H, et al, World Bank, August 2006. [PDF, 1.4MB]
Antiretroviral Drugs for All? Obstacles to Access to HIV/AIDS Treatment - Lessons from Ethiopia, Haiti, India, Nepal and Zambia
The Panos Global AIDS Programme, May 2006. [PDF, 403K]
Commitment for Action: Assessing Leadership for Confronting the HIV/AIDS Epidemic Across Asia--Focus on Nepal
Sundar Man Shrestha. POLICY Project, January 2005. [PDF, 417K]
Attitudes and Beliefs Towards People Living with HIV/AIDS--Nepal
Family Health International, 2003. See also Stigma and Discrimination in Nepal: Community Attitudes and the Forms and Consequences for People Living with HIV/AIDS--Executive Summary and Women and HIV/AIDS: Experiences and Consequences of Stigma and Discrimination.
Rapid Ethnography of Male to Male Sexuality and Sexual Health
Paul Boyce, Sunil Pant. Family Health International, December 2001. [PDF, 797K]
Journal Articles
A situation update on HIV epidemics among people who inject drugs and national responses in South-East Asia Region.
Sharma M, Oppenheimer E, Saidel T, Loo V, Garg R. AIDS. 2009 Jul 17;23(11):1405-13.
Development of leadership self-efficacy and collective efficacy: adolescent girls across castes as peer educators in Nepal
Posner J, Kayastha P, Davis D, et al. Glob Public Health. 2009;4(3):284-302.
HIV prevalence and predictors of infection in sex-trafficked Nepalese girls and women
Silverman JG, Decker MR, Gupta J, et al. JAMA. 2007 Aug 1;298(5):536-42.
HIV/AIDS Web Sites
Engender Health
Provides technical assistance, training, and information on reproductive health in areas lacking resources. Site features country fact sheet and related news releases.
Family Health International (FHI)
Nepal program overview. Includes a description of activities and links to many HIV/AIDS-related reports.