|People living with HIV/AIDS, 2012||3,900,000|
|Women (aged 15+) with HIV/AIDS, 2012||1,400,000|
|Children with HIV/AIDS, 2012||200,000|
|Adult HIV prevalence (%), 2012||0.3|
|AIDS deaths, 2012||220,000|
nd = No data
Population Reference Bureau &
|View full indicator report|
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| Regional Overview|
Abstracted from the 2010 Report on the Global AIDS Epidemic, UNAIDS, November 2010.
| Epidemiology and Trends|
The Asian epidemic is largely stable. In all of Asia, an estimated 4.9 million [4.5 million-5.5 million] people were living with HIV in 2009, about the same as 5 years earlier. Most national HIV epidemics appear to have stabilized. No country in the region has a generalized epidemic. Thailand is the only country in this
region in which the prevalence is close to 1%, and its epidemic appears to be stable overall. A resurgent epidemic in the late 1990s (when up to 60,000 people were becoming newly infected annually) has since receded. The adult HIV prevalence was 1.3% [0.8%-1.4%] in 2009, and the HIV incidence had slowed
to 0.1%. In Cambodia, the adult HIV prevalence declined to 0.5% [0.4%-0.8%] in 2009, down from 1.2% [0.8%-1.6%] in 2001. But the HIV prevalence is increasing in such low-prevalence countries as Bangladesh, Pakistan (where drug injecting is the main mode of HIV transmission), and the Philippines.
There were 360,000 [300,000-430,000] people newly infected with HIV in 2009, 20% lower than the 450,000 [410,000-500,000] in 2001. Incidence fell by more than 25% in India, Nepal, and Thailand between 2001 and 2009. The epidemic remained stable in Malaysia and Sri Lanka during this time period. Incidence increased by 25% in Bangladesh and Philippines between 2001 and 2009 even as the countries continue to have relatively low epidemic levels.
Epidemic patterns vary between and within countries. The overall trends in this region hide important variation in the epidemics, both between and within countries. In most of them, the epidemics appear stable. In many countries in the region, national epidemics are concentrated in a
relatively small number of provinces. HIV infection levels in Indonesia's Papua province are 15 times higher than the national average. Asia's epidemics remain concentrated largely among people who inject drugs, sex workers and their clients, and men who have sex with men. Incidence patterns can vary considerably in large countries such as India. About 90% of people newly infected with HIV in India are believed to have acquired it during unprotected sex, but the common use of contaminated injecting equipment by
two or more people on the same occasion is the main mode of HIV transmission in the country's north-eastern states.
| Health and Development Profiles|
| Guidelines and Best Practices|
| Policy Reports and Papers|
|HIV Transmission in Intimate Partner Relationships in Asia|
A joint collaboration of the Asia-Pacific regional offices of the United Nations Population
Fund (UNFPA), the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) and the Asia-Pacific Network of Sex Workers (APNSW) to document and share programming and advocacy experience from across the Asia-Pacific region; 2012. [PDF, 890K]
| Journal Articles|
|Survival of HIV-infected children: A cohort study from the Asia-Pacific region|
Lumbiganon P, Kariminia A, Aurpibul L, Hansudewechakul R, Puthanakit T, Kurniati N, Kumarasamy N, Chokephaibulkit K, Nik Yusoff NK, Vonthanak S, Moy FS, Mohd Razali KA, Nallusamy R, Sohn AH. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2011 56:4,365-71. Includes commentary from the UCSF Institute for Global Health.
| Clinician Support Tools|
| Program Management Materials|
| Provider Education and Training|
| International Organizations|
|Adolescent Reproductive and Sexual Health Project|
Managed by UNFPA and UNESCO Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific. Includes demographic profiles, IEC strategies, reproductive and sexual health educational resources, bibliographic and photo databases, and links.
| HIV/AIDS Web Sites|
|South East Asian UN Resources List|
Originally the location of the UNDP Special Initiative on HIV/AIDS for South and North East Asia site, it currently lists UN resources for this region.
| Other Information Sources|
|Evidence to Action Data Hub|
Website intended to strengthen evidence-based action towards universal access to HIV and AIDS prevention, treatment, and care in the Asia-Pacific region.