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Home > Countries & Regions > East Asia > China
Updated July 2009
HIV/AIDS-Specific Country Profiles
Health and Development Profiles
Guidelines and Best Practices
Surveys and Assessments
Policy Reports and Papers
Journal Articles
Research Summaries
Online Books and Chapters
Patient and Community Education
Program Management Materials
National Organizations
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Research Institutions
International Organizations
HIV/AIDS Web Sites
Comprehensive Indicator Report
Quick Links
List of all countries
Indicator Database
HIV/AIDS in China
Population, 20131,357,400,000
People living with HIV/AIDS, 2012nd
Women (aged 15+) with HIV/AIDS, 2012nd
Children with HIV/AIDS, 2012nd
Adult HIV prevalence (%), 2012nd
AIDS deaths, 2012nd
nd = No data
Source: Population Reference Bureau & UNAIDS
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View full indicator report

These pages will be updated regularly. To suggest a document for inclusion on this page, please send an email to

HIV/AIDS-Specific Country Profiles
UNAIDS Country Profile
A brief summary of national socioeconomic conditions in the context of the HIV epidemic, and information (where available) on UNAIDS' country-level activities.
UNAIDS 2008 Country Progress Report
Reports progress made in implementing the UN Declaration of Commitment on HIV/AIDS. The report includes summary indicator data through the end of 2007. [PDF, 3.5MB]
UNAIDS/WHO Epidemiological Fact Sheet
Statistics on the prevalence and incidence of HIV/AIDS and other sexually transmitted infections, and discussion of knowledge and behaviors related to HIV transmission. 2008. [PDF, 1.2MB]
Global Fund Country Programs
Discussion of the national epidemic and description of HIV/AIDS projects supported by the Global Fund, including funding details, planned activities, and expected results.
USAID HIV/AIDS Country Profile
A description of the HIV/AIDS epidemic in selected countries, the national response, and USAID programs and support. [PDF, 169K]
CDC Global AIDS Program Country Profile
An overview of the HIV/AIDS situation in selected countries, description of the CDC's Global AIDS Program response, contacts, and links.
WHO HIV/AIDS Treatment Scale-Up Summary Country Profile
A summary of current antiretroviral therapy coverage and resource requirements for scaling up treatment in countries receiving support under the WHO's "3 by 5" treatment initiative. 2005. [PDF, 242K]
Health and Development Profiles
CIA World Factbook
Extensive data over a range of fields, including geography, population, government, the economy, the military, and communications.
Population Reference Bureau Country Profile
Key demographic, health, and development indicators, selected reports and articles, and links.
UNICEF Country Tables
Statistics in the areas of population, mortality, general and reproductive health, and education.
WHO Country Profile
Links to tables containing general health indicators, country profiles on specific diseases, and selected health-related documents. Also in Spanish and French.
Guidelines and Best Practices
National Antiretroviral Treatment Manual
National Center for AIDS/STD Control and Prevention, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, December 2007. [PDF, 1.93MB] In Chinese.
Guidelines for Diagnosis and Treatment of HIV/AIDS in China
Chinese Medical Association and Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, 2005. [PDF, 1.25MB]
Surveys and Assessments
AIDS-Related Knowledge, Attitudes, Behavior, and Practices: A Survey of 6 Chinese Cities
China HIV/AIDS Media Partnership, 2008. [PDF, 674K]
A Joint Assessment of HIV/AIDS Prevention, Treatment, and Care in China
State Council AIDS Working Committee Office, UN Theme Group on AIDS in CHINA, December 2007. [PDF, 3.43MB]
AIDS Crisis Impending: Research on Knowledge, Attitudes and Behaviors Related to HIV/AIDS in China--Volume I, Main Findings
China-UK HIV Prevention and Care Project, Condom Social Marketing Project, Futures Group, May 2004. [PDF, 2.6MB]
Joint HIV Surveillance and Laboratory Assessment
National Center for AIDS/STD Prevention and Control, China CDC and Global AIDS Program, National Center for HIV/STD/TB Prevention and Control, US CDC, 2002. [PDF, 905K]
Policy Reports and Papers
Barriers to AIDS Treatment for Children in China
Lauren Burke, Joshua Greenstein. Asia Catalyst, April 2009. [PDF, 910K] Also available in Chinese.
Mid-term Assessment of the UN Joint Programme on AIDS in China (2007-2010)
Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS, UNAIDS, Beijing, China, March 2009. [PDF, 843K]
National AIDS Sentinel Surveillance Program Operation Manual
Chinese Center for Disease and Control and Prevention, March 2009. [Word, 3.16MB] In Chinese.
Enabling Effective Voluntary Counselling and Testing for Men Who Have Sex with Men
UN Technical Working Group on MSM and HIV/AIDS, Beijing, China, October 2008. [PDF, 800K]
Demography of HIV/AIDS in China
Bates Gill, Yanzhong Huang, Xiaoqing Lu, Task Force on HIV/AIDS, Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS), July 2007. [PDF, 1.12MB]
UN Joint Programme on AIDS in China (2007-2010)
People's Republic of China, UNAIDS China, June 2007. [PDF, 526K]
Report Card on HIV Prevention for Girls and Young Women
United Nations Population Fund and the International Planned Parenthood Federation, 2007. [PDF, 216K]
China's Action Plan for Reducing and Preventing the Spread of HIV/AIDS (2006-2010)
State Council Office, People's Republic of China, February 2006. [PDF, 55K]
China Confronts HIV/AIDS
Drew Thompson, Population Reference Bureau, June 2005. [PDF, 963K]
Journal Articles
A pilot intervention to increase condom use and HIV testing and counseling among men who have sex with men in Anhui, China
Zhang H, Wu Z, Zheng Y, Wang J, Zhu J, Xu J. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2010; 53:S88-S92. Includes commentary from the UCSF Institute for Global Health.
A pilot intervention to increase condom use and HIV testing and counseling among men who have sex with men in Anhui, China
Zhang H, Zunyou W, Yingjun Z, et al. J Acquired Immune Defic Synd. 2010 Feb;53(Supp1):S88-S92. Includes commentary from the UCSF Institute for Global Health.
Characteristics and determinants of sexual behavior among adolescents of migrant workers in Shangai, China
Li S, Huang H, Cai Y, et al. BMC Public Health. 2009 Jun 19;9:195.
Rising HIV prevalence among married and unmarried among men who have sex with men: Jinan, China.
Ruan S, Yang H, Zhu Y, et al. AIDS Behav. 2009 May 8. [Epub ahead of print]
HIV infection: Guangdong Province, China, 1997-2007
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. MMWR. 2009 April 24;58(15):396-400.
The changing face of HIV in China
Lin Lu, Manhong Jia, Yanling Ma, et al. Nature. Oct 2008; 455, 609-611.
Reducing HIV infection among new injecting drug users in the China-Vietnam Cross Border Project
Des Jarlais DC, Kling R, Hammett TM, Ngu D, Liu W, Chen Y, et al. AIDS. 2007 Dec;21 Suppl 8:S109-14. Includes commentary from the UCSF Institute for Global Health.
Research Summaries
In China, Negative Attitudes toward HIV-Infected People Are Associated with Risky Sexual Behavior
International Family Planning Perspectives, 2006 Jun;32(2).
Online Books and Chapters
"I Am Listening..." - Yunnan AIDS Counselors Notes
Zhang Yong. Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Yunnan Province, December 2007. [Online text] In Chinese
Patient and Community Education
HIV Treatment Education
AIDS Care China, China HIV/AIDS Information Network, July 2009. [Flash animation] In Chinese
HIV Education Animation For Adolescents
A web-based animation made for a Chinese-speaking audience, focusing on a review of HIV biology and prevention. School of Education at Stanford University, February 2008. [Flash animation] More products are available at
Program Management Materials
Eight Corporate Responses to Children, Young People, and AIDS: A Win-Win Guide
UNICEF China Office, UNAIDS, April 2007. [5MB]
National Organizations
Chinese Ministry of Health
Chinese-language site for the Ministry of Health, P.R.China.
Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention
Chinese-language site.
National Center for AIDS/STD Control and Prevention
A division of the Chinese CDC.
China AIDS Initiative
Promotes advocacy, training, treatment and research programs to raise HIV awareness and standards of care for people living with HIV in China
Research Institutions
List of HIV/AIDS Research Centers in China
Compiled by the Hong Kong AIDS Information Network.
International Organizations
UNAIDS China Office
United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) China
Promotes awareness of HIV/AIDS as a national development threat. Provides multidisciplinary prevention and treatment services detailed at this site.
Population Communications International (PCI)
PCI produces culturally-sensitive radio and television soap operas, which promote sexual health, HIV/AIDS prevention, and gender equality.
HIV/AIDS Web Sites
China AIDS Info
Gathers, translates, and disseminates the latest AIDS epidemic information through a growing network of Chinese journalists, translators, NGO-workers, and people living with HIV/AIDS.
China HIV/AIDS Information Network (CHAIN)
CHAIN strives to make HIV/AIDS resources freely available to all AIDS organizations in China. Resources include an on-site electronic database, materials delivery, telephone consultation service, and an on-line information gateway.