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Home > Countries & Regions > Oceania
Updated June 2011
Regional Overview
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Epidemiology and Trends
Health and Development Profiles
Guidelines and Best Practices
Policy Reports and Papers
Provider Education and Training
International Organizations
Journal Articles
HIV/AIDS Web Sites
Comprehensive Indicator Report
Country Profiles
Australia
Fiji
Kiribati
New Zealand
Marshall Islands
Micronesia (Federated States of)
Nauru
Palau
Papua New Guinea
Solomon Islands
Samoa
Tonga
Tuvalu
Vanuatu
HIV/AIDS in Oceania
Population, 201338,000,000
People living with HIV/AIDS, 201251,000
Women (aged 15+) with HIV/AIDS, 201218,000
Children with HIV/AIDS, 20123,100
Adult HIV prevalence (%), 20120.2
AIDS deaths, 20121,200
nd = No data
Source: Population Reference Bureau & UNAIDS
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These pages will be updated regularly. To suggest a document for inclusion on this page, please send an email to hivinsite@ucsf.edu.

Regional Overview

Abstracted from the 2010 Report on the Global AIDS Epidemic, UNAIDS, November 2010..

Epidemiology and Trends

The HIV epidemic in Oceania is small, but the number of people living with HIV in this region nearly doubled between 2001 and 2009 - from 28,000 [23,000-35,000] to 57,000 [50,000-64,000]. However, the number of people newly infected with HIV has begun to decline from 4,700 [3,800-5,600] in 2001 to 4,500 [3,400-6,000] in 2009. The HIV epidemic in Papua New Guinea is the largest and the only generalized one in this region. Recent analysis of available data across the country shows that the epidemic is starting to level off . The national adult HIV prevalence in 2009 was estimated at 0.9% [0.8%-1.0%], with about 34,000 [30,000-39,000] people living with HIV. The estimates were calculated using data from antenatal clinics in all parts of Papua New Guinea that offer HIV testing to pregnant women as part of routine care. Programs that aim to prevent mother-to-child transmission of HIV substantially increased the number of sites providing testing services to women during recent years, from 17 in 2005 to 178 in 2009, also resulting in more information available for the estimation process.

The HIV epidemics in Oceania are mainly driven by sexual transmission. Unprotected heterosexual intercourse is the main mode of transmission in Papua New Guinea, whereas unprotected sex between men predominates in the epidemics of the smaller Pacific countries and in those of Australia and New Zealand.

Health and Development Profiles
AIDS Epidemic Update Regional Summary - Oceania
UNAIDS, April 16, 2008. [PDF, 435K] Also in Spanish, French, and Russian.
Fact Sheet: AIDS Epidemic in Oceania
UNAIDS, December 2006. [PDF, 41K] Also in Spanish, French, and Russian.
Guidelines and Best Practices
Guidelines for HIV/AIDS, STI, and Behavioural Risk Factors Surveillance: Pacific Island Countries and Areas
WHO, Regional Office for the Western Pacific, 2000. [PDF, 346K]
Policy Reports and Papers
Report: Meeting of Ministers of Health for the Pacific Island Countries
World Health Organization Regional Office for the Western Pacific, May 2005. [PDF, 154K]
A Situation Analysis of Illicit Drug Issues and Responses in the Asia-Pacific Region
Madonna Devaney, Gary Reid, Simon Baldwin. Centre for Harm Reduction, Macfarlane Burnet Institute for Medical Research and Public Health and Turning Point Alcohol and Drug Centre, May 2005.
Provider Education and Training
STI/HIV Counselling in Pacific Island Countries: A Training Manual
WHO, Regional Office for the Western Pacific, 2003. [PDF, 599K]
International Organizations
World Health Organization: Western Pacific Region
Numerous publications on HIV/AIDS and STIs include antenatal clinic STI surveys; antiretroviral newsletter; Country Health Profiles; and surveillance guidelines.
Journal Articles
Scale up of national antiretroviral therapy programs: progress and challenges in the Asia pacific region
Srikantiah, P, Ghidinelli M, Bachani D, Chasombat S, Daoni E, Mustikawati DE, Nhan do T, Pathak LR, San KO, Vun MC, Zhang F, Lo YR, Narain JP. AIDS. 2010, Sep 24(suppl 3):S62-71. Includes commentary from the UCSF Institute for Global Health.
HIV/AIDS Web Sites
Australasian Society for HIV Medicine
This site contains treatment guidelines, conference updates, and a variety of publications on HIV and Hepatitis C in the region.