|People living with HIV/AIDS, 2009||57,000|
|Women (aged 15+) with HIV/AIDS, 2009||25,000|
|Children with HIV/AIDS, 2009||3,100|
|Adult HIV prevalence (%), 2009||0.3|
|AIDS deaths, 2009||1,400|
nd = No data
Population Reference Bureau &
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| Regional Overview|
Abstracted from the 2010 Report on the Global AIDS Epidemic, UNAIDS, November 2010..
| Epidemiology and Trends|
The HIV epidemic in Oceania is small, but the number of people living with HIV in this region nearly doubled between 2001 and 2009 - from 28,000 [23,000-35,000] to 57,000 [50,000-64,000]. However, the number of people newly infected with HIV has begun to decline from 4,700 [3,800-5,600] in 2001 to 4,500 [3,400-6,000] in 2009.
The HIV epidemic in Papua New Guinea is the largest and the only generalized one in this region. Recent analysis of available data across the country shows that the epidemic is starting to level off . The national adult HIV prevalence in 2009 was estimated at 0.9% [0.8%-1.0%], with about 34,000 [30,000-39,000]
people living with HIV. The estimates were calculated using data from antenatal clinics in all parts of Papua New Guinea that offer HIV testing to pregnant women as part of routine care. Programs that aim to prevent mother-to-child transmission of HIV substantially increased the number of sites providing
testing services to women during recent years, from 17 in 2005 to 178 in 2009, also resulting in more information available for the estimation process.
The HIV epidemics in Oceania are mainly driven by sexual transmission.
Unprotected heterosexual intercourse is the main mode of transmission in
Papua New Guinea, whereas unprotected sex between men predominates in the
epidemics of the smaller Pacific countries and in those of Australia and New
| Health and Development Profiles|
| Guidelines and Best Practices|
| Policy Reports and Papers|
| Provider Education and Training|
| International Organizations|
| Journal Articles|
|Scale up of national antiretroviral therapy programs: progress and challenges in the Asia pacific region|
Srikantiah, P, Ghidinelli M, Bachani D, Chasombat S, Daoni E, Mustikawati DE, Nhan do T, Pathak LR, San KO, Vun MC, Zhang F, Lo YR, Narain JP. AIDS. 2010, Sep 24(suppl 3):S62-71. Includes commentary from the UCSF Institute for Global Health.
| HIV/AIDS Web Sites|