| Journal Articles|
|Scaling up stigma? The effects of antiretroviral roll-out on stigma and HIV testing. Early evidence from rural Tanzania.|
Roura M, Urassa M, Busza J, et al. 2008 Nov 26. Sex Transm Infect.
|The stigma of being HIV-positive in Africa|
Rankin WW, Brennan S, Schell E, Laviwa J, Rankin SH. PLoS Med. 2005 Jul 19;2(8):e247.
|The discriminatory attitudes of health workers against people living with HIV|
Letamo G. PLoS Med. 2005 Jul 19;2(8): e261.
|Development of a brief scale to measure AIDS-related stigma in South Africa|
Kalichman SC, Simbayi LC, Jooste S, Toefy Y, Cain D, Cherry C, Kagee A. AIDS Behav. 2005 Jun;9(2):135-43.
|"I have an evil child at my house": stigma and HIV/AIDS management in a South African community|
Campbell C, Foulis CA, Maimane S, Sibiya Z. Am J Public Health. 2005 May;95(5):808-15.
| Guidelines and Best Practices|
| Policy Reports, Papers, and Briefs|
|"Life Doesn't Wait": Romania's Failure to Protect and Support
Children and Youth Living with HIV|
Human Rights Watch, August 2006.
|Breaking the Cycle: Stigma, Discrimination, Internal Stigma, and HIV|
Ken Morrison, USAID, January 2006. [PDF, 219K]
|Can We Measure HIV/AIDS-Related Stigma and Discrimination? Current Knowledge about Quantifying Stigma in Developing Countries|
Laura Nyblade, Kerry MacQuarrie, USAID, January 2006. [PDF, 2.0MB]
|A Closer Look: The Internalization of Stigma Related to HIV|
Pierre Brouard, Caroline Wills, USAID, January 2006. [PDF, 209K]
|Measuring HIV Stigma: Results of a Field Test in Tanzania|
USAID, June 2005. [PDF, 2.4MB]
|Disentangling HIV and AIDS Stigma in Ethiopia, Tanzania and Zambia|
The International Center for Research on Women (ICRW), 2003. [PDF, 1MB]
| Research Summaries|
|Stigma and HIV/AIDS: A Review of the Literature|
Deborah L. Brimlow, Ph.D., Jennifer S. Cook, and Richard Seaton, editors. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Health Resources and Services Administration, HIV/AIDS Bureau, May 2003.
| Newsletter Articles|
| Provider Education and Training|
| Clinician Support Tools|
|Siyam'kela: HIV/AIDS Stigma Resource Pack|
POLICY Project, Centre for the Study of AIDS, University of Pretoria, USAID, South Africa Department of Health, April 2006. [PDF, 4.4MB]
|Siyam'kela: Measuring HIV/AIDS Related Stigma|
POLICY Project, Centre for the Study of AIDS, University of Pretoria, USAID, South Africa Department of Health, 2003. [PDF, 287K]
| Patient and Community Education|