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Sexual Violence: Related Resources
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Related Knowledge Base Chapters
Prophylaxis Following Non-Occupational Exposure to HIV
Journal Articles
Intimate partner violence, relationship power inequity, and incidence of HIV infection in young women in South Africa: a cohort study
Jewkes RK, Dunkle K, Nduna M, et al. Lancet. 2010 Jul 3;376(9734):41-8. Includes commentary from the UCSF Institute for Global Health.
Integrated gender-based violence and HIV risk reduction intervention for South African men: Results of a quasi-experimental field trial
Kalichman S, Simbayi L, Cloete A, et al. Prev Sci 2009. Apr 8. Epub. Includes commentary from the UCSF Institute for Global Health.
Substance use, sexual risk, and violence: HIV prevention intervention with sex workers in Pretoria
Wechsberg WM, Luseno WK, Lam WK, Parry CD, Morojele NK. AIDS Behav. 2006 Mar;10(2):131-7. Includes commentary from the UCSF Institute for Global Health.
Understanding the impact of a microfinance-based intervention on women's empowerment and the reduction of intimate partner violence in South Africa
Kim JC, Watts CH, Hargreaves JR, Ndhlovu LX, Phetla G, Morison LA, et al. Am J Pub Health. 2007 Aug 29; Epub. Includes commentary from the UCSF Institute for Global Health.
Characteristics, treatment, and antiretroviral prophylaxis adherence of South African rape survivors
Carries S, Muller F, Muller FJ, Morroni C, Wilson D. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2007 Sep 1;46(1):68-71. Includes commentary from the UCSF Institute for Global Health.
Effect of a structural intervention for the prevention of intimate-partner violence and HIV in rural South Africa: a cluster randomised trial
Pronyk PM, Hargreaves JR, Kim JC, Morison LA, Phetla G, Watts C, Busza J, Porter JD. Lancet. 2006 Dec 2;368(9551):1973-83. Includes commentary from the UCSF Institute for Global Health.
Intimate partner violence against women in eastern Uganda: implications for HIV prevention
Karamagi CA, Tumwine JK, Tylleskar T, Heggenhougen K. BMC Public Health. 2006 Nov 20;6:284.
Violence and HIV-related risk among young men who have sex with men
Koblin BA, Torian L, Xu G, Guilin V, Makki H, Mackellar D, Valleroy L. AIDS Care. 2006 Nov;18(8):961-7.
The association of partner abuse with risky sexual behaviors among women and men with HIV/AIDS
Bogart LM, Collins RL, Cunningham W, Beckman R, Golinelli D, Eisenman D, Bird CE. AIDS Behavior. 2005 Sep;9(3)325-33.
Sexual power and HIV risk, South Africa
Pettifor AE, Measham DM, Rees HV, Padian NS. Emerg Infect Dis. 2004 Nov.
National cross sectional study of views on sexual violence and risk of HIV infection and AIDS among South African school pupils
Andersson N, Ho-Foster A, Matthis J, Marokoane N, Mashiane V, Mhatre S, Mitchell S, Mokoena T, Monasta L, Ngxowa N, Salcedo MP, Sonnekus H. BMJ. 2004 Oct 23;329(7472):952.
Guidelines and Best Practices
Antiretroviral Postexposure Prophylaxis after Sexual, Injection-Drug Use, or Other Nonoccupational Exposure to HIV in the United States
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, MMWR 2005;54(No. RR-02):1-20. See also related slide set from the AETC National Resource Center.
Clinical Management of Rape Survivors: Developing Protocols for Use With Refugees and Internally Displaced Persons
WHO, United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, 2005.
Offering HIV Prophylaxis Following Sexual Assault: Recommendations for the State of California
Joan E. Myles, Joshua Bamberger. Housing and Urban Health of the San Francisco Department of Public Health and The California HIV PEP After Sexual Assault Task Force in Conjunction with the California State Office of AIDS, June 2004. [PDF, 218K]
Sexual and Gender-Based Violence Against Refugees, Returnees and Internally Displaced Persons: Guidelines for Prevention and Response
United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, May 2003.
Guidelines for Medico-Legal Care for Victims of Sexual Violence
WHO, 2003. [PDF, 887K]
Sexually Transmitted Diseases Treatment Guidelines - 2002
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, MMWR 2002;51(No. RR-06):1-80. See section on sexual assault and STDs.
Putting Women First: Ethical and Safety Recommendations for Research on Domestic Violence Against Women
Department of Gender and Women's Health, WHO, 2001. In English, Spanish, and French.
Reproductive Health in Refugee Situations: An Inter-Agency Field Manual
United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, 1999. See particularly Chapter 4: Sexual and Gender-based Violence.
Policy Reports, Papers, and Briefs
Together We Must End Violence against Women and Girls and HIV & AIDS
A review of promising practices. UNIFEM, 2009. [PDF, 1.5MB].
Policy and Practical Implications in Delivery of Medico-Legal Services to Survivors of Sexual Violence in Kenya
Liverpool VCT, Care & Treatment, Population Council, SIDA. 2009. [PDF, 1.4MB].
Working with Men and Boys: Emerging Strategies from across Africa to Address Gender-Based Violence and HIV/AIDS
Orly Stern, Dean Peacock & Helen Alexander, Sonke Gender Justice Network, MenEngage Network, 2009. [PDF, 3.2MB]
Shattered Lives: Immediate Medical Care Vital for Sexual Violence Victims
Doctors Without Borders, March 5, 2009. [PDF, 1MB].
Women, Violence, & AIDS: Exploring Interfaces
Alessandra Nilo, 2008. [PDF, 3.3MB]
Sexual Violence Against Women and Girls in War and Its Aftermath: Realities, Responses, and Required Resources
Jeanne Ward and Mendy Marsh, UNFPA, June 2006. [PDF, 240K].
Strengthening Resistance: Confronting Violence against Womena and Girls
Cynthia Rothschild, Mary Anne Reilly and Sara A. Nordstrom, Center for Women's Global Leadership at Rutgers' University, 2006. [PDF, 857K]
The Second International Policy Conference on the African Child: Violence Against Girls in Africa
The African Child Policy Forum, 2006. [PDF, 487K]
The Right to Survive: Sexual Violence, Women and HIV/AIDS
Françoise Nduwimana. International Centre for Human Rights and Democratic Development, December 2004.
Intimate Partner Violence and HIV/AIDS
WHO Information Bulletin Series, 2004. [PDF, 203K]
Profiting from Abuse: An Investigation into the Sexual Exploitation of Our Children
UNICEF, November 2001. [PDF, 918K]
Domestic Violence: An Ongoing Threat to Women in Latin America and the Caribbean
Liz Creel. Population Reference Bureau, October 2001.
HIV and Partner Violence: Implications for HIV Voluntary Counseling and Testing Programs in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
Horizons Project, Population Council, February 2001. [PDF, 155K]
Research Summaries
Sexual and Gender-Based Violence in Africa: A Literature Review
Victoria Rumbold, Population Council, February 2008. [PDF, 1.2MB]
Newsletter Articles
Conspiracy of Silence? Stamping Out Abuse in African Schools
Special issue of Insights, August 2001. The Gender Violence in African Schools Initiative is managed by the Institutes of Development Studies and Education, University of Sussex.
Provider Education and Training
Counselling Training Manual: Trauma, Guilt and Self-Esteem
International Planned Parenthood Federation, South Asia Regional Office, February 2009. [PDF, 1.3MB]
IASC Gender Equality and Gender-Based Violence Programming in Humanitarian Action - Training Toolkit
Inter-Agency Standing Committee, December 2008.
Clinical Care for Sexual Assault Survivors: A Multimedia Training Tool
UCLA Center for International Medicine, 2008.
Minimum Initial Service Package for Reproductive Health in Crisis Situations, a Distance Learning Module
Reproductive Health Response in Conflict (RHRC) Consortium, 2006.
Inter-linkages between Culture, Gender Based Violence, HIV and AIDS and Women's Rights Training Manual
SFAIDS, Oxfam, June 2008. [PDF, 2.3MB]
Program Management Materials
Programming to Address Violence Against Women
Volume 2, 8 case studies on initiatives to address violence against women, UNFPA, 2009.
Sex Work, Violence, and HIV: A Guide for Programmes with Sex Workers
International HIV/AIDS Alliance, Frontiers Prevention Project. May 2008. [PDF, 329K]
Toolkit To End Violence Against Women
U.S. National Advisory Council on Violence Against Women, 2002.
A Practical Approach to Gender-Based Violence: A Programme Guide for Health Care Providers and Managers
United Nations Population Fund, 2001. Also available in French and Spanish.
Patient and Community Education
Engaging Men and Boys in Refugee Settings to Address Sexual and Gender-Based Violence
Caroline Aasheim, Dale Buscher, Dean Peacock and Lynn Ngugi, Sonke Gender Justice Network, the Women's Commission for Refugee Women and Children, and UNHCR, September 2008. [PDF, 734]
Engaging Boys and Men in Gender-Based Violence Prevention and Reproductive Health in Conflict and Emergency-Response Settings: A Workshop Module
Acquire Project, Engender Health, 2008. [PDF, 734]
Information Search Tools
American Academy of Pediatrics
Includes searchable database of abstracts and publications on sexual and physical abuse of children and adolescents.
American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists
Violence against women topic includes contact information for state intimate partner violence and sexual assault coalitions, bibliographies, and some information in Spanish.
Canadian HIV/AIDS Legal Network
Searchable database of articles on HIV and Canadian law, including many on the rights of sexual assault survivors who believe they may have been infected with HIV.
Center for Communication Programs
at Johns Hopkins University links to a variety of online resources related to violence against women. In October 2001, JHU's Population Information Program launched End Violence Against Women: Information and Resources.
Child Welfare Information Gateway
Service of the Children's Bureau, Administration for Children and Families, Department of Health and Human Services. Comprehensive national resource for professionals seeking information on the prevention, identification, and treatment of child abuse and neglect and related child welfare issues. Includes databases of documents and organizations, as well as extensive links.
Gender-Based Violence Bibliography
Searchable database containing training tools, manuals, and other literature designed for staff who work with refugees and internally displaced populations in post-conflict settings, from the Reproductive Health for Refugees Consortium.
University of Toronto, Laskin Law Library: Women's Human Rights Resources: Violence against Women
Extensive articles, documents, and links.
VAWnet Library
Online resource for advocates working to end domestic violence, sexual assault, and other violence in the lives of women and their children. Supported by a grant from the National Center on Injury Prevention and Control, U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
Women Watch
United Nations Internet gateway on the advancement and empowerment of women. Includes statistical databases; links to UN agencies and intergovernmental bodies; international instruments regarding women's rights; and section on Beijing +5 in French, Spanish, Russian, Arabic, and Chinese.
World Health Organization, Department of Injuries and Violence Prevention
Includes some material in French and Spanish.
Selected Advocacy and Support Services
Asian & Pacific Islander Institute on Domestic Violence
National coalition of domestic violence experts, shelter workers, health educators, and policy activists working to eliminate domestic violence in Asian communities by building supportive networks, increasing awareness and prevention of domestic violence, identifying and expanding resources, and informing and promoting research and policy.
Asian Task Force Against Domestic Violence
Massachusetts-based organization, with resources available in Chinese, Khmer, Vietnamese, Japanese, Korean, and Hindi.
Battered Women's Support Services
Vancouver-based organization that provides education, advocacy, and support services to assist battered women. Some publications available in Vietnamese, Punjabi, Spanish, Chinese, French, and Farsi. Site also includes Aboriginal Women's Action Network.
California Coalition on Sexual Offending
A formally structured resource for professionals from law enforcement, criminal justice, mental health, probation, parole, and community services.
Community United Against Violence
San Francisco-based nonprofit agency addressing hate violence directed at lesbians, gay men, bisexuals, and transgendered persons.
Massachusetts-based organization that challenges men to take responsibility for stopping male violence. Includes numerous links.
Based in the San Francisco Bay Area; helps South Asian women facing domestic violence, emotional abuse, or family conflict. Provides peer support and referrals to legal assistance, emergency shelters, and counselors.
New Jersey-based, South Asia-focused organization that seeks to increase awareness of women's rights and encourage social change to end all forms of violence against them.
Based in Berkeley, CA; provides advocacy, support, information, and referrals to women who trace their origins to Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, and diasporic communities such as Fiji and the Caribbean.
The Rape Crisis Center
NGO based in Cape Town, South Africa, undertaking counseling, training, public education, research, and advocacy.
Safe Horizon
New York City-based agency serving victims of domestic violence, incest, rape, sexual assault, stalking, and other crimes. With national and local links.
Voluntary association based in the UK to address child sexual abuse. Includes hotline and networks of other services.
South African web site founded by Charlene Smith; includes information on legal services, medical care, and postexposure prophylaxis.
Women'sNet: Preventing Violence Against Women
Consortium of South African organizations that provides women who are in crisis with practical information on how to get help and that offers a networking forum for activists, researchers and policymakers working to prevent violence against women.
Women's Aid Federation of England
National charity for women and children experiencing physical, sexual, or emotional abuse in their homes. Includes local refuge telephone numbers and research findings.
Women's Court: The Permanent Arab Court To Resist Violence Against Women
Based in Beirut; aims to transfer violence against women from a personal issue to a public concern; raise and evaluate awareness on the phenomenon of violence, its causes and different manifestations; exert pressure on Arab governments and NGOs to take measures to protect and support women victims of violence; and offer direct help and support to women subjected to any form of violence.
Other Links
Coalition against Trafficking in Women
NGO based at the University of Rhode Island, with partners in various countries. Promotes the right of all women to be free from sexual exploitation, including prostitution, sex tourism, and bride trafficking. Some resources on site available in French, Italian, Spanish, or Portuguese.
ECPAT International
Thai NGO that works toward the elimination of child prostitution, child pornography, and the trafficking of children for sexual purposes.
Equality Now
International human rights organization dedicated to action for the civil, political, economic, and social rights of girls and women. Campaigns to end female genital mutilation and rape. In English, French, Spanish, and Arabic.
Family Violence Prevention Fund
Initiatives include health, judicial education, child welfare, workplace issues, and battered immigrant women's rights.
Feminist Internet Gateway on Violence against Women
Feminist Majority Foundation's extensive links page including resources relating to research, emotional abuse, rape, shelters, services, stalking, and self-defence.
Gender and HIV/AIDS
A comprehensive web portal on the gender dimensions of the HIV/AIDS epidemic, including violence against women. A collaboration between UNIFEM and UNAIDS.
Human Rights Watch
Women's rights section includes publications on sexual violence, trafficking of women and girls, and rape as a weapon of war. There is a separate section on domestic violence. Section on prisoners includes publications on prison rape.
End Violence Against Women: Information and Resources
In October 2001, Johns Hopkins University's Population Information Program launched this service that includes a listserv with regular updates and moderated discussions.
National Coalition Against Domestic Violence
Builds coalitions, supports community programs, and undertakes public education, and policy and legislative initiatives. Serves as information and referral center for the general public, media, battered women, and member organizations.
The Sexual Violence Research Initiative
A WHO initiative which aims to build an experienced and committed network of researchers, policymakers, service-providers, activists, and donors to ensure that the many aspects of sexual violence are addressed from the perspective of different disciplines and cultures.
Stop Prisoner Rape
Seeks to end sexual violence committed against men, women, and youth in all forms of detention. Includes several publications.
U.S. Department of Justice, Violence against Women Office
Includes best practices for law enforcement, criminal justice practitioners, and victim advocates; state-level grant information; lists of state hotlines, coalitions, and advocacy groups; and federal laws and regulations.
University of Sussex: Gender Violence in African Schools Initiative
A project of the university's institutes of Development Studies and Education. Website includes synopses of research findings and numerous links.
Women Against Violence Europe (WAVE)
European network of NGOs working to combat violence against women and children. Includes publications and database (see "advanced search") searchable by organization or topic, best practice models, newletter (in English and French), and links.
World Health Organization, Female Genital Mutilation
Includes publications in English, French and Arabic.