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Human Rights and HIV/AIDS: Related Resources
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Related Knowledge Base Chapters
Ethical Dimensions of HIV/AIDS
Leslie E. Wolf, Bernard Lo, August 2001.
Journal Articles
Changing global essential medicines norms to improve access to AIDS treatment: lessons from Brazil
Nunn A, Da Fonseca E, and Gruskin S. Global Public Health. 2009;4(2):117. [PDF, 198K]
Structural violence and clinical medicine
Farmer PE, Nizeye B, Stulac S, Keshavjee S. PLoS Med. 2006 Oct 24;3(10). See also related Kaisernetwork interview with Paul Farmer.
Water and sanitation in the context of HIV/AIDS: The right of access in resource-poor countries
Wegelin-Schuringa M, Kamminga E. Health Hum Rights. 2006;9(1):152-72.
Routine HIV testing in Botswana: A population-based study on attitudes, practices, and human rights concerns
Weiser SD, Heisler M, Leiter K, Korte FP, Tlou S, Demonner S, Phaladze N, Bangsberg DR, Iacopino V. PLoS Med. 2006 Jul 18;3(7):e261.
Free antiretrovirals must not be restricted only to treatment-naive patients
Colebunders R, Kamya M, Semitala F, Castelnuovo B, Katabira E, McAdam K. PLoS Med. 2005 Sep 13;2(10):e276.
Women, inequality, and the burden of HIV
Ojikutu BO, Stone VE. N Engl J Med. 2005 Feb 17;352(7):649-52.
Guidelines and Best Practices
International Guidelines on HIV/AIDS and Human Rights -- 2006 Consolidated Version
UNAIDS, Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, October 2006. [PDF, 826K]
Policy Reports, Papers, and Briefs
At What Cost? HIV and Human Rights Consequences of the Global "War on Drugs"
Open Society Institute, Public Health Program. March 2009.
Reducing HIV Stigma and Discrimination: A Resource for National Stakeholders in the HIV Response
Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS, December 2007. [PDF, 1MB]
HIV - Related Stigma, Discrimination and Human Rights Violations: Case Studies of Successful Programmes
Peter Aggleton, Kate Wood, Anne Malcolm, Richard Parker, Thomas Coram Research Unit, Institute of Education, University of London, Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS, 2007. [PDF, 1MB]
HIV/AIDS, Human Rights, and Legal Services in Uganda
Stella Mukasa, Anne Gathumbi, Open Society Institute. May 2008.
Human Rights and HIV/AIDS: Now More Than Ever, 10 Reasons Why Human Rights Should Occupy the Center of the Global AIDS Struggle
Open Society Institute. Ralf Jürgens & Jonathan Cohen, September 2007.
WHO Technical Consultation -- In Collaboration with the European AIDS Treatment Group and AIDS Action Europe on the Criminalization of HIV and other Sexually Transmitted Infections
World Health Organization, October 16, 2006. [PDF, 513K]
No Bright Future: Government Failures, Human Rights Abuses and Squandered Progress in the Fight against AIDS in Zimbabwe
Human Rights Watch, July 2006.
Building Resilience -- A Rights-Based Approach to Children and HIV/AIDS in Africa
Save the Children Sweden, May 2006. [PDF, 832K]
Criminalisation of HIV Transmission in Europe
Global Network of People Living with HIV Europe, Terrence Higgins Trust, April 2005. [PDF, 403K]
Guidance on Ethics and Equitable Access to HIV Treatment and Care
World Health Organization, November 30, 2004. [PDF, 514KB]
Implications of U.S. Policy Restrictions for Programs Aimed at Commercial Sex Workers and Victims of Trafficking Worldwide
Center for Health and Gender Equity, November 2004. [PDF, 194K]
Hated to Death: Homophobia, Violence, and Jamaica's HIV/AIDS Epidemic
Human Rights Watch, November 2004.
Women, HIV/AIDS, and Human Rights
Amnesty International, November 2004.
AIDS and Human Rights: The Need for Protection
UNAIDS Report on the Global AIDS Epidemic, July 2004.
HIV & Civil Rights: A Report from the Frontlines of the HIV/AIDS Epidemic
Tamara Lange. ACLU AIDS Project, November 2003. [PDF, 142K] See also State Criminal Statutes on HIV Transmission - 2004
Criminal Law, Public Health and HIV Transmission: A Policy Options Paper
Richard Elliott. UNAIDS, June 2002. [PDF, 864K]
Newsletter Articles
HIV Stigma, Treatment and Prevention
Theo Smart. In: HIV & AIDS Treatment in Practice, October 13, 2005.
Program Management Materials
Advancing the Sexual and Reproductive Health and Human Rights of People Living With HIV
The Global Network of People Living with HIV/AIDS, ICW ,Young Positives, EngenderHealth, IPPF, UNAIDS, May 2009. [PDF, 1.2MB]
Handbook on HIV and Human Rights for National Human Rights Institutions
Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS and Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights. [PDF, 481K]
HIV/AIDS & Human Rights in a Nutshell
A guide for action and framework to carry HIV/AIDS and human rights actions forward. Program on International Health and Human Rights, François-Xavier Bagnoud Center for Health and Human Rights, Harvard School of Public Health and the International Council of AIDS Service Organizations (ICASO), 2004. [PDF, 2.1MB]
HIV/AIDS and Human Rights: Young People in Action
United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization, UNAIDS, February 9, 2001. [PDF, 1.6MB] A toolkit of ideas for youth organizations.
Handbook for Legislators on HIV/AIDS, Law and Human Rights: Action to Combat HIV/AIDS in View of its Devastating Human, Economic and Social Impact
UNAIDS, November 1999. [PDF, 526K]
Patient and Community Education
Online Course on Sexual Health, HIV/STI, and Human Rights
Chris Beyrer, Johns Hopkins Bloomburg School of Public Health, 2009.
HIV & Your Civil Rights (Brochure)
American Civil Liberties Union , May 2006. [PDF, 201K]
HIV/AIDS: Stand Up for Human Rights
UNAIDS, Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, World Health Organization, 2003. [PDF, 5MB]
Action Canada for Population and Development
Undertakes analyses of human rights and sexual & reproductive health.
The Advocacy Project
Assists advocates who are working for social justice, peace, and human rights. Campaigns include stopping the trafficking in women.
American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU)
Includes HIV/AIDS section.
Amnesty International
Campaigns focus on, among others, children, women, refugees, lesbians, gays, bisexuals, and transgender persons. Also manages a network of health professionals. Web site in English, Spanish, French, and Arabic.
Association François-Xavier Bagnoud
Major focus on health & human rights advocacy.
Canadian HIV/AIDS Legal Network
Includes material on testing and confidentiality, prisons, injection drug use, discrimination, and immigration. In English and French.
Center for Health and Gender Equity
Advocates for development policies that promote women's rights and autonomy; violence against women is a priority area.
Center for Reproductive Rights
Nonprofit dedicated to promoting women's equality worldwide by guaranteeing reproductive rights as human rights. Formerly the Center for Reproductive Law and Policy.
Global AIDS Alliance
Coalition based in Washington; campaigns include Stop-AIDS-in-Africa, MEDS4ALL, and Drop-the-Debt-for-AIDS.
Treatment Action Campaign
Global network for communication and organization around access to essential medications for HIV and other diseases.
Harvard School of Public Health, François-Xavier Bagnoud Center for Health and Human Rights
Includes link to the journal Health and Human Rights.
Human Rights Campaign
Lobbies on U.S. issues affecting lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender Americans.
Human Rights Education Associates
Supports efforts aimed at introducing human rights concepts and values into educational curricula and teaching practices. Maintains a calendar of events.
Human Rights Watch
Campaigns focus on, among others, AIDS; prisons; drugs; racism; and the rights of women, children, refugees, lesbians, and gays. Numerous publications. See also Human Rights Watch: HIV/AIDS and Human Rights.
A project of UNDP, providing resources and information exchange related to human rights and the MDGs.
International Council of AIDS Service Organizations (ICASO)
Seeks to promote human rights in the development and implementation of policies and programs responding to all aspects of HIV/AIDS. Web site includes contact information for regional secretariats.
Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF)
(Doctors without Borders) Access to Essential Medicines Campaign includes HIV/AIDS drugs.
Refugees International
Advocacy organization serving refugees, displaced persons, and other dispossessed people around the world.
HIV/AIDS, Human Rights & Law
UNAIDS publications on human rights, ethics, and law.
Links to, inter alia, a training manual on gender, HIV, and human rights, published in 2000. UNIFEM also collaborates with the International Labour Organization on a program integrating gender, HIV/AIDS, and the care economy. The program highlights the need to increase sources of social protection; address income insecurity; and improve access to health and basic social services that could alleviate the burden of care, especially for women.
United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF)
Supports a broad range of programmatic activities on violence against women and girls.
United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA)
United Nations Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights
Web site in English, French, and Spanish.
WHO: Database on Health and Human Rights Actors
Web site in Arabic, English, Chinese, French, Russian, and Spanish.
WHO: Health and Human Rights
Web site in Arabic, English, Chinese, French, Russian, and Spanish.
Women, Children, and HIV: Resources for Prevention and Treatment
Aims to strengthen advocacy for women's human rights through the effective utilization of information and communication technologies. Supported by, inter alia, UNIFEM, Open Society Institute, and OneWorld Online.
Women's Human Rights Net (whrNET)
Aims to strengthen advocacy for women's human rights through the effective utilization of information and communication technologies. Supported by, inter alia, UNIFEM, Open Society Institute, and OneWorld Online.