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Ethical Dimensions of HIV/AIDS: Related Resources
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decorative spacerThe Ethical Recruitment of Internationally Educated Health Professionals: Lessons from Abroad and Options for Canada
Canadian Policy Research Networks, January 2007.
Related Knowledge Base Chapters
decorative spacerHuman Rights and HIV/AIDS
Sofia Gruskin, Daniel Tarantola, April 2002.
Journal Articles
decorative spacerEnrolling Women into HIV Preventive Vaccine Trials: An Ethical Imperative but a Logistical Challenge
Mills E, Nixon S, Singh S, Dolma S, Nayyar A, Kapoor S. PLoS Biol. 2006 Feb 21;3(3):e94.
decorative spacerDesperately seeking targets: the ethics of routine HIV testing in low-income countries
Rennie S, Behets F. Bull World Health Organ. 2006 Jan;84(1):52-7.
decorative spacerFree Antiretrovirals Must Not Be Restricted Only to Treatment-Naive Patients
Colebunders R, Kamya M, Semitala F, Castelnuovo B, Katabira E, McAdam K. PLoS Med. 2005 Sep 13;2(10):e276.
decorative spacerApproaches to rationing antiretroviral treatment: ethical and equity implications
Bennett S, Chanfreau C. Bull World Health Organ. 2005 Jul;83(7):541-7.
decorative spacerHIV sexual risk behavior over 36 months of follow-up in the world's first HIV vaccine efficacy trial
Bartholow BN, Buchbinder S, Celum C, Goli V, Koblin B, Para M, Marmor M, Novak RM, Mayer K, Creticos C, Orozco-Cronin P, Popovic V, Mastro TD, VISION/VAX004 Study Team. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 2005 May 1;39(1):90-101.
decorative spacerbullet.gifCommentary by Contributing Editor Arthur Ammann, MD.
decorative spacerIn vitro and in vivo: the story of nonoxynol 9
Hillier SL, Moench T, Shattock R, Black R, Reichelderfer P, Veronese F. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 2005 May 1;39(1):1-8.
decorative spacerbullet.gifCommentary by Contributing Editor Arthur Ammann, MD.
Guidelines and Best Practices
decorative spacerCode of Federal Regulations, Title 45: Public Welfare, Part 46: Protection of Human Subjects
Department of Health and Human Services, NIH Office for Protection from Research Risks, June 23, 2005.
decorative spacerEthical Considerations in HIV Preventive Vaccine Research
UNAIDS, April 2004. [PDF, 900K] Also in French, Spanish, and Russian.
decorative spacerGuidance on Ethics and Equitable Access to HIV Treatment and Care
WHO, 2004. [PDF, 482K] Also in French.
decorative spacerInternational Ethical Guidelines for Biomedical Research Involving Human Subjects
Council for International Organizations of Medical Sciences (CIOMS), November 2002.
decorative spacerThe Belmont Report: Ethical Principles and Guidelines for the Protection of Human Subjects of Research
The (U.S.) National Commission for the Protection of Human Subjects of Biomedical and Behavioral Research, April 18, 1979.
decorative spacerDeclaration of Helsinki: Ethical Principles for Medical Research Involving Human Subjects
World Medical Association, June 1964 (periodically amended).
decorative spacerNuremberg Code: Directives for Human Experimentation
U.S. Government Printing Office, Trials of War Criminals before the Nuremberg Military Tribunals under Control Council Law No. 10, Vol. 2., 1949.
Policy Reports, Papers, and Briefs
decorative spacerThe Ethical Recruitment of Internationally Educated Health Professionals: Lessons from Abroad and Options for Canada
Canadian Policy Research Networks, January 2007.
decorative spacerBuilding Collaboration to Advance HIV Prevention: Global Consultation on Tenofovir Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis Research
Report of a consultation convened by the International Aids Society on behalf of the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, NIH, and CDC, September 2005. [PDF, 197K]
decorative spacerRethinking the Ethical Roadmap for Clinical Testing of Microbicides: Report on an International Consultation
Global Campaign for Microbicides, March 2005.
decorative spacerEthical Considerations Arising from Vaccine Trials Conducted in Paediatric Populations with High Disease Burden in Developing Countries
WHO, November 2004. [PDF, 415K]
decorative spacerEthical Issues to Be Considered in Second Generation Surveillance
WHO, UNAIDS, April 28, 2004. [PDF, 193K]
decorative spacerEnsuring Equitable Access to Antiretroviral Treatment for Women
WHO, UNAIDS, 2004. [PDF, 162K]
decorative spacerThe Ethics of Research Related to Healthcare in Developing Countries
Nuffield Council on Bioethics, April 24, 2002. Available in English, French, and Spanish.
decorative spacerEthical Issues in Data Collection for HIV Programming and Evaluation
Family Health International, n.d.
Conference Reports and Proceedings
decorative spacerInformed Consent in HIV Prevention Trials: Report of an International Workshop
C. Elizabeth McGrory, Barbara A. Friedland, Cynthia Woodsong, Kathleen M. MacQueen. Population Council, Family Health International, 2006. [PDF, 711K]
Presentations, Interviews, and Roundtable Discussions
decorative spacerDilemmas and Challenges When the North Conducts Research in the South
Alexander Morgan Capron, WHO Department of Ethics, Trade, Human Rights and Health Law. Yale Interdisciplinary Bioethics Project, New Haven, CT, October 13, 2004. [PDF, 429K]
decorative spacerEthical Challenges in Clinical Testing of Microbicides: On-Going Discussion and Debate
Lori Heise. Microbicides 2004, March 2004. [PowerPoint, 917K]
decorative spacerPrinciples and Practices: The Implementation of Ethical Guidelines for Research on HIV
WHO, June 2-3, 2003.
Online Books and Chapters
decorative spacerCrime and Punishment: Is There a Role for Criminal Law in HIV Prevention Policy?
Leslie E. Wolf, Richard Vezina. Center for AIDS Prevention Studies, Program in Medical Ethics, University of California San Francisco, April 2004. [PDF, 370K]
Provider Education and Training
decorative spacerResearch Ethics Training Curriculum
Roberto Rivera, David Borasky, Robert Rice, Florence Carayon. Family Health International, n.d. Online training available in English, French, and Spanish.
decorative spacerAmerican College of Physicians Center For Ethics & Professionalism
Documents and resources related to end-of-life care, managed care ethics, and professionalism.
decorative spacerAmerican Medical Association
decorative spacerbullet.gifCouncil on Ethical and Judicial Affairs
decorative spacerbullet.gifInstitute for Ethics
decorative spacerbullet.gifVirtual Mentor
Discussion forum.
decorative spacerAmerican Society for Bioethics and Humanities
Consolidation of the Society for Health and Human Values, Society for Bioethics Consultation, and American Association of Bioethics.
decorative spacerAmerican Society of Law, Medicine and Ethics
Publishes The Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics and The American Journal of Law & Medicine. Web site offers news, audio programs, and conference information.
decorative spacerAssociation for Practical and Professional Ethics
Based at Indiana University. Produces several publications, including case studies.
Online edition of The American Journal of Bioethics. Daily news; special features; conference information; and "Bioethics for Beginners" section with extensive, well-organized links. Produced by the University of Pennsylvania Center for Bioethics and MIT Press.
decorative spacerCanadian HIV/AIDS Legal Network
Includes material on testing and confidentiality, prisons, injection drug use, discrimination, and immigration. In English and French.
decorative spacerEuropean Network for Biomedical Ethics
Based at University of Tübingen, Germany; publishes Biomedical Ethics.
decorative spacerFrançois-Xavier Bagnoud Center for Health and Human Rights
Works to develop domestic and international policy focusing on the relationship between health and human rights in a global perspective.
decorative spacerFrench National Consultative Ethics Committee for Health and Life Sciences
In French and English.
decorative spacerGeorgetown University National Reference Center for Bioethics Literature
Books, journals, newspaper articles, legal materials, regulations, codes, and government publications. Links to databases and teaching materials.
decorative spacerGeorgetown University Kennedy Institute of Ethics
The world’s oldest and most comprehensive academic bioethics center. Research covering protection of research subjects, reproductive and feminist bioethics, end of life care, health care justice, intellectual disability, cloning, gene therapy, eugenics, and other major issues in bioethics.
decorative spacerGlobal Forum on Bioethics in Research
An informal partnership established by a number of organizations with a shared interest in the ethics of conducting research involving human beings in developing countries.
decorative spacerHarvard School of Public Health Program on Ethical Issues in International Health Research
Website includes case studies and links related to principles of research ethics, informed consent, responsibility to the study community, mechanisms of approval, and the role of funders. Also see Harvard University Edmond J. Safra Foundation Center for Ethics.
decorative spacerHastings Center
Independent, nonpartisan, interdisciplinary research institute based in New York State. Research covers medicine and biomedical research; values and biotechnology; and health policy and health care systems.
decorative spacerIowa State University Bioethics Program
decorative spacerJohns Hopkins University Bioethics Institute
Research includes medical privacy and international research ethics; many related publications, legislative material, and links provided for each research topic.
decorative spacerKarolinska Institute Library: Bioethics Resources
Based in Sweden, includes links to articles and case studies.
decorative spacerMedical College of Wisconsin Center for the Study of Bioethics
Includes distance learning and abstract service.
decorative spacerMonash University Centre for Human Bioethics
Based in Australia; publishes Monash Bioethics Review.
decorative spacerNational Human Genome Research Institute: Ethical, Legal, and Social Implications of Human Genetics Research
Established to anticipate and address the ethical, legal, and social issues that arise as the result of human genetic research.
decorative spacerNational Institutes of Health: Bioethics Resources on the Web
Sponsored by the U.S. NIH Office of Extramural Research and the NIH Inter-Institute Bioethics Interest Group. Provides information about bioethics initiatives at NIH institutes and centers, other federal agencies, and nongovernmental organizations. Topics include research (domestic and international), biotechnology, pharmaceuticals, culture and ethnicity, end of life, palliative care, health insurance and managed care, and physician-patient relationship.
decorative spacerNuffield Council on Bioethics
Based in U.K. and funded by the Nuffield Foundation, Wellcome Trust, and Medical Research Council. Reports and discussion papers; topics include ethics of healthcare-related research in developing countries.
decorative spacerOffice for Human Research Protections
Part of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.
decorative spacerPresident's Council on Bioethics
U.S. presidential advisory council on bioethical issues in science and technology.
decorative spacerStanford University Center for Biomedical Ethics
decorative spacerUniversity of British Columbia Center for Applied Ethics
Online discussions and courses and extensive links related to biomedical and health care ethics.
decorative spacerUniversity of Buffalo Center for Clinical Ethics and Humanities in Health Care
News, online library, and an ethics core curriculum; featured topics include research, medical humanities, hospice and palliative care, advance directives, confidentiality and medical record privacy, genetics, and law.
decorative spacerUniversity of California San Francisco Center for AIDS Prevention Studies, Policy and Ethics Core
The purpose of the Policy and Ethics Core is to assure that HIV prevention and policy research at Center for AIDS Prevention Studies (CAPS) meets the highest ethical standards, addresses pressing policy questions, and has a high impact on the policy-making process.
decorative spacerUniversity of Chicago MacLean Center for Clinical Medical Ethics
Online newsletter and guide to biomedical ethics resources.
decorative spacerUniversity of Michigan
Ethics links and courses.
decorative spacerUniversity of Pennsylvania Center for Bioethics
Houses editorial offices of American Journal of Bioethics. Links to Penn Medical School's virtual curriculum, which includes CMEs and grand rounds.
decorative spacerUniversity of Pittsburgh Center for Bioethics and Health Law
Extensive, well-annotated links.
decorative spacerUniversity of Toronto Joint Centre for Bioethics
decorative spacerUniversity of Tsukuba Eubios Ethics Institute
Based in Japan; publishes Eubios Journal of Asian and International Bioethics. Materials in Japanese and English.
decorative spacerUniversity of the Witwatersrand
HIV/AIDS: Ethical, Legal & Social Issues--Bioethics for the Developing World.
decorative spacerWHO: Ethical Standards and Procedures for Research with Human Beings
A collection of guidance documents and background material. See also the WHO Department of Health and Human Rights.