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HIV Transmission and Prevention in Prisons: Related Resources
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Related Knowledge Base Chapters
Human Rights and HIV/AIDS
Sofia Gruskin, Daniel Tarantola, April 2002.
Journal Articles
HIV Transmission in a State Prison System, 1988–2005
Jafa K, McElroy P, Fitzpatrick L, et al. PLoS ONE. 2009; 4(5): e5416.
Interventions to Reduce HIV Transmission Related to Injecting Drug Use in Prison
Jürgens R, Ball A, Verster A. Lancet Infectious Disease, 2009; 9(1):57 - 66.
HIV in Prison in Low-Income and Middle-Income Countries
Kate Dolan, Ben Kite, Emma Black, Carmen Aceijas, Gerry V Stimson, for the Reference Group on HIV/AIDS Prevention and Care among Injecting Drug Users in Developing and Transitional Countries. Lancet Infect Dis. 2007; 7: 32–41
HIV Transmission Among Male Inmates in a State Prison System - Georgia, 1992-2005
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2006 April 21; MMWR. 55(15);421-426
HIV Risks in Incarcerated Injection-Drug Users
Wood E, Montaner J, Kerr T. Lancet. 2005 Nov 26;366(9500):1834-5.
Expressed Needs and Behavioral Risk Factors of HIV-Positive Inmates
Lanier MM, Paoline III EA. Int J Offender Ther Comp Criminol. October 1, 2005; 49(5): 561-573.
Use of Protective Barriers And Unprotected Sex Among Adult Male Prison Inmates Prior to Incarceration
Braithwaite R., Stephens T. Int J STD AIDS. 2005 Mar;16(3):224-6
Guidelines and Best Practices
HIV Testing Implementation Guidance for Correctional Settings
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, January 2009.
Advancing HIV Prevention: New Strategies for a Changing Epidemic-Interim Technical Guidance for Selected Intervention
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Dept of Health and Human Services, February 9, 2006.
Prevention and Control of Infections with Hepatitis Viruses in Correctional Settings
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, MMWR. 2003;52(No. RR-1):1-33. [PDF version, 465K] See also Appendix: Hepatitis A and B Vaccines.
NCCHC Clinical Guideline for Health Care in Correctional Settings HIV Infection
National Commission on Correctional Health Care, October 2006. [PDF, 100K]
HIV/AIDS Prevention, Care, Treatment and Support in Prisons: A Framework for an Effective National Response
World Health Organization, UNAIDS, 2006. [PDF, 526K]
WHO Guidelines on HIV Infection and AIDS in Prisons
World Health Organization, 1993/1999. [PDF, 278K]
Policy Reports, Papers, and Briefs
Opioid Substitution Therapy in Prisons: Reviewing the Evidence
Canadian HIV/AIDS Legal Network, February 1, 2008. [PDF, 190K]
Needle and Syringe Programs and Bleach in Prisons: Reviewing the Evidence
Canadian HIV/AIDS Legal Network, February 1, 2008. [PDF, 113K]
Access to Condoms in U.S. Prisons
HIV/AIDS Policy & Law Review by Megan McLemore, Human Rights Watch. June 27, 2008. [PDF, 233K]
Effectiveness of Interventions to Address HIV in Prisons
World Health Organization, 2007. [PDF, 1.3MB] Also available in Russian
Prison Needle Exchange: Lessons from a Comprehensive Review of International Evidence and Experience
Rick Lines, Ralf Jürgens, Glenn Betteridge, Heino Stöver, Dumitru Laticevschi, Joachim Nelles. Canadian HIV/AIDS Legal Network. Second Addition, April 30, 2006. [PDF, 764K] Also available in French, Czech, & Russian.
Harm Reduction Programs in the Civilian and Prison Sectors of the Russian Federation: Assessment of Best Practices.
Open Health Institute, World Bank, 2006. [PDF, 611K]
The Effects of Male Incarceration Dynamics on AIDS Infection Rates among African-American Women and Men
Rucker C. Johnson, Steven Raphael. Goldman School of Public Policy, University of California, Berkeley, July 2005. [PDF, 723K]
Status Paper on Prisons, Drugs, and Harm Reduction
WHO Europe, May 2005. [PDF, 270K]
HIV in Prisons, 2006
Laura M. Maruschak, U.S. Dept of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, Bureau of Justice Statistics, April 22, 2008.
Prisons and AIDS: UNAIDS Point of View
UNAIDS, April 1997. [PDF, 222K] See also Technical Update. [PDF, 266K]
Online Books and Chapters
Correctional Settings Section: Clinical Manual for Management of the HIV-Infected Adult
AIDS Education and Training Centers National Resource Center, 2006.
Provider Education and Training
Inside Out: HIV Harm Reduction Education in Closed Settings
World Health Organization Regional Office for the Western Pacific, 2007. [PDF, 3.3MB]
HIV Infections in the Correctional Setting
Lara B Strick, JA Clark. HIV Web Study, May 2, 2006.
AETC National Resource Center: Corrections Health Training and Education Resources
Training materials for caregivers of incarcerated and formerly incarcerated individuals. AIDS Education and Training Centers National Resource Center, 2006.
HIV Infection Among Women in Prison: Considerations for Care
Provides information on the treatment of incarcerated women with HIV, including information on correctional risk factors such as mental health and biological factors. De Groot A.S., Cu Uvin S. Brown Medical School: IDCR, May 2005. [PDF, 172K]
Clinician Support Tools
Case Finding and Secondary Prevention with the Incarcerated and Recently Released: Clinical Risk Assessment and Screening Guide
Linda Frank and Monica Fisher. Pennsylvania/Mid Atlantic AETC, September 2006. [PDF, 255K]
Program Management Materials
HIV/AIDS in Places of Detention: A Toolkit for Policymakers, Programme Managers, Prison Officers and Health Care Providers in Prison Settings
World Health Organization, UNAIDS, 2008. [PDF, 2MB]
Patient and Community Education
Sexual Violence in Detention Spreads Infectious Diseases
Fact sheet, Stop Prison Rape, October 2007. [PDF, 79.78 KB]
What is the Role of Prisons and Jails in HIV Prevention?
UCSF Center for AIDS Prevention Studies (CAPS), March 2009.
Prisons and HIV/AIDS
General Criminal Justice and Prison Health Care Links