| Related Knowledge Base Chapters|
| Journal Articles|
|HIV Transmission in a State Prison System, 1988–2005|
Jafa K, McElroy P, Fitzpatrick L, et al. PLoS ONE. 2009; 4(5): e5416.
|Interventions to Reduce HIV Transmission Related to Injecting Drug Use in Prison|
Jürgens R, Ball A, Verster A. Lancet Infectious Disease, 2009; 9(1):57 - 66.
|HIV in Prison in Low-Income and Middle-Income Countries|
Kate Dolan, Ben Kite, Emma Black, Carmen Aceijas, Gerry V Stimson, for the Reference Group on HIV/AIDS Prevention and Care among Injecting
Drug Users in Developing and Transitional Countries. Lancet Infect Dis. 2007; 7: 32–41
|HIV Transmission Among Male Inmates in a State Prison System - Georgia, 1992-2005|
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2006 April 21; MMWR. 55(15);421-426
|HIV Risks in Incarcerated Injection-Drug Users|
Wood E, Montaner J, Kerr T. Lancet. 2005 Nov 26;366(9500):1834-5.
|Expressed Needs and Behavioral Risk Factors of HIV-Positive Inmates|
Lanier MM, Paoline III EA. Int J Offender Ther Comp Criminol. October 1, 2005; 49(5): 561-573.
|Use of Protective Barriers And Unprotected Sex Among Adult Male Prison Inmates Prior to Incarceration|
Braithwaite R., Stephens T. Int J STD AIDS. 2005 Mar;16(3):224-6
| Guidelines and Best Practices|
| HIV Testing Implementation Guidance for Correctional Settings|
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, January 2009.
|Advancing HIV Prevention: New Strategies for a Changing Epidemic-Interim Technical Guidance for Selected Intervention|
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Dept of Health and Human Services, February 9, 2006.
|Prevention and Control of Infections with Hepatitis Viruses in Correctional Settings|
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, MMWR. 2003;52(No. RR-1):1-33. [PDF version, 465K] See also Appendix: Hepatitis A and B Vaccines.
|NCCHC Clinical Guideline for Health Care in Correctional Settings HIV Infection|
National Commission on Correctional Health Care, October 2006. [PDF, 100K]
|HIV/AIDS Prevention, Care, Treatment and Support in Prisons: A Framework for an Effective National Response|
World Health Organization, UNAIDS, 2006. [PDF, 526K]
|WHO Guidelines on HIV Infection and AIDS in Prisons|
World Health Organization, 1993/1999. [PDF, 278K]
| Policy Reports, Papers, and Briefs|
|Opioid Substitution Therapy in Prisons: Reviewing the Evidence|
Canadian HIV/AIDS Legal Network, February 1, 2008. [PDF, 190K]
|Needle and Syringe Programs and Bleach in Prisons: Reviewing the Evidence|
Canadian HIV/AIDS Legal Network, February 1, 2008. [PDF, 113K]
|Access to Condoms in U.S. Prisons|
HIV/AIDS Policy & Law Review by Megan McLemore, Human Rights Watch. June 27, 2008. [PDF, 233K]
|Effectiveness of Interventions to Address HIV in Prisons|
World Health Organization, 2007. [PDF, 1.3MB] Also available in Russian
|Prison Needle Exchange: Lessons from a Comprehensive Review of International Evidence and Experience|
Rick Lines, Ralf Jürgens, Glenn Betteridge, Heino Stöver, Dumitru Laticevschi, Joachim Nelles. Canadian HIV/AIDS Legal Network. Second Addition, April 30, 2006. [PDF, 764K] Also available in French, Czech, & Russian.
|Harm Reduction Programs in the Civilian and Prison Sectors of the Russian Federation: Assessment of Best Practices.|
Open Health Institute, World Bank, 2006. [PDF, 611K]
|The Effects of Male Incarceration Dynamics on AIDS Infection Rates among African-American Women and Men|
Rucker C. Johnson, Steven Raphael. Goldman School of Public Policy, University of California, Berkeley, July 2005. [PDF, 723K]
|Status Paper on Prisons, Drugs, and Harm Reduction |
WHO Europe, May 2005. [PDF, 270K]
|HIV in Prisons, 2006|
Laura M. Maruschak, U.S. Dept of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, Bureau of Justice Statistics, April 22, 2008.
|Prisons and AIDS: UNAIDS Point of View |
UNAIDS, April 1997. [PDF, 222K] See also Technical Update. [PDF, 266K]
| Online Books and Chapters|
| Provider Education and Training|
| Clinician Support Tools|
| Program Management Materials|
| Patient and Community Education|
| Prisons and HIV/AIDS|
|Canadian HIV/AIDS Legal Network:
HIV/AIDS in Prison|
Documents from 1995 to the present on issues related to HIV in
prisons. Also in French.
Programs in HIV, STD and Hepatitis Prevention|
Joint program of Centerforce, a agency
providing support and services to inmates of San Quentin prison and other facilities in
northern and central California, and the UCSF Center for AIDS Prevention Studies.
|Emory University: Corrections Demonstration
Funded by the CDC and HRSA, the CDP consists of seven state health departments
seeking to expand HIV-related services to incarcerated individuals and those recently
|Infectious Diseases in Corrections Report|
sponsored by Brown University for correctional problem-solving that targets correctional
administrators and HIV/AIDS- and hepatitis-care providers, including physicians, nurses,
outreach workers, and case managers. Formerly the HIV and Hepatitis Education Prison
| National HCV Prison Coalition|
Joint program of
organizations and individuals interested in providing support and education to hepatitis C and
HIV/HCV coinfected prisoners.
|Newsletter Articles on Prisoners and
General, treatment, and legal information on HIV in prisons from The Body.
|U.S. Department of Health and Human
Services: Services to People with HIV in Correctional Settings|
corrections initiative by the CDC and HRSA for HIV prevention, intervention, and continuity of
care within correctional settings and the community.
| General Criminal Justice and Prison Health Care Links|
|American Correctional Health Services
(ACHSA) Organization providing support, skill development, and educational
programs for health care personnel, organizations, and decision-makers involved in
|Health in Prisons Programme|
HIPP is a project by the WHO in Europe for the support of member states to recognize and
improve the gap between public health and prison health, on national and international levels.
|National Commission on Correctional Health Care|
to improve the quality of health care provided in jails, prisons, and juvenile confinement
facilities in the U.S.
|National Prison Hospice Association|
Promotes hospice care
for terminally ill inmates.
|Society of Correctional Physicians|
An organization of
physicians specializing in correctional medicine whose goals include the establishment,
review, and promotion of ethical ideals and service standards in correctional medicine, and to
encourage research in correctional health care issues.
|Stop Prisoner Rape|
A nonprofit human rights organization that
seeks to end sexual violence against men, women, and youth in all forms of detention. Some
information also available in Spanish.
|U.S. Department of Justice, Corrections Statistics|
Various collections of censal data pertaining to the U.S. corrections system. Includes some data on sexual assault in prisons.