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HIV Transmission and Prevention in Prisons: Related Resources
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Related Knowledge Base Chapters
decorative spacerHuman Rights and HIV/AIDS
Sofia Gruskin, Daniel Tarantola, April 2002.
Journal Articles
decorative spacerHIV Transmission in a State Prison System, 1988–2005
Jafa K, McElroy P, Fitzpatrick L, et al. PLoS ONE. 2009; 4(5): e5416.
decorative spacerInterventions to Reduce HIV Transmission Related to Injecting Drug Use in Prison
Jürgens R, Ball A, Verster A. Lancet Infectious Disease, 2009; 9(1):57 - 66.
decorative spacerHIV in Prison in Low-Income and Middle-Income Countries
Kate Dolan, Ben Kite, Emma Black, Carmen Aceijas, Gerry V Stimson, for the Reference Group on HIV/AIDS Prevention and Care among Injecting Drug Users in Developing and Transitional Countries. Lancet Infect Dis. 2007; 7: 32–41
decorative spacerHIV Transmission Among Male Inmates in a State Prison System - Georgia, 1992-2005
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2006 April 21; MMWR. 55(15);421-426
decorative spacerHIV Risks in Incarcerated Injection-Drug Users
Wood E, Montaner J, Kerr T. Lancet. 2005 Nov 26;366(9500):1834-5.
decorative spacerExpressed Needs and Behavioral Risk Factors of HIV-Positive Inmates
Lanier MM, Paoline III EA. Int J Offender Ther Comp Criminol. October 1, 2005; 49(5): 561-573.
decorative spacerUse of Protective Barriers And Unprotected Sex Among Adult Male Prison Inmates Prior to Incarceration
Braithwaite R., Stephens T. Int J STD AIDS. 2005 Mar;16(3):224-6
Guidelines and Best Practices
decorative spacer HIV Testing Implementation Guidance for Correctional Settings
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, January 2009.
decorative spacerAdvancing HIV Prevention: New Strategies for a Changing Epidemic-Interim Technical Guidance for Selected Intervention
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Dept of Health and Human Services, February 9, 2006.
decorative spacerPrevention and Control of Infections with Hepatitis Viruses in Correctional Settings
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, MMWR. 2003;52(No. RR-1):1-33. [PDF version, 465K] See also Appendix: Hepatitis A and B Vaccines.
decorative spacerNCCHC Clinical Guideline for Health Care in Correctional Settings HIV Infection
National Commission on Correctional Health Care, October 2006. [PDF, 100K]
decorative spacerHIV/AIDS Prevention, Care, Treatment and Support in Prisons: A Framework for an Effective National Response
World Health Organization, UNAIDS, 2006. [PDF, 526K]
decorative spacerWHO Guidelines on HIV Infection and AIDS in Prisons
World Health Organization, 1993/1999. [PDF, 278K]
Policy Reports, Papers, and Briefs
decorative spacerOpioid Substitution Therapy in Prisons: Reviewing the Evidence
Canadian HIV/AIDS Legal Network, February 1, 2008. [PDF, 190K]
decorative spacerNeedle and Syringe Programs and Bleach in Prisons: Reviewing the Evidence
Canadian HIV/AIDS Legal Network, February 1, 2008. [PDF, 113K]
decorative spacerAccess to Condoms in U.S. Prisons
HIV/AIDS Policy & Law Review by Megan McLemore, Human Rights Watch. June 27, 2008. [PDF, 233K]
decorative spacerEffectiveness of Interventions to Address HIV in Prisons
World Health Organization, 2007. [PDF, 1.3MB] Also available in Russian
decorative spacerPrison Needle Exchange: Lessons from a Comprehensive Review of International Evidence and Experience
Rick Lines, Ralf Jürgens, Glenn Betteridge, Heino Stöver, Dumitru Laticevschi, Joachim Nelles. Canadian HIV/AIDS Legal Network. Second Addition, April 30, 2006. [PDF, 764K] Also available in French, Czech, & Russian.
decorative spacerHarm Reduction Programs in the Civilian and Prison Sectors of the Russian Federation: Assessment of Best Practices.
Open Health Institute, World Bank, 2006. [PDF, 611K]
decorative spacerThe Effects of Male Incarceration Dynamics on AIDS Infection Rates among African-American Women and Men
Rucker C. Johnson, Steven Raphael. Goldman School of Public Policy, University of California, Berkeley, July 2005. [PDF, 723K]
decorative spacerStatus Paper on Prisons, Drugs, and Harm Reduction
WHO Europe, May 2005. [PDF, 270K]
decorative spacerHIV in Prisons, 2006
Laura M. Maruschak, U.S. Dept of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, Bureau of Justice Statistics, April 22, 2008.
decorative spacerPrisons and AIDS: UNAIDS Point of View
UNAIDS, April 1997. [PDF, 222K] See also Technical Update. [PDF, 266K]
Online Books and Chapters
decorative spacerCorrectional Settings Section: Clinical Manual for Management of the HIV-Infected Adult
AIDS Education and Training Centers National Resource Center, 2014.
Provider Education and Training
decorative spacerInside Out: HIV Harm Reduction Education in Closed Settings
World Health Organization Regional Office for the Western Pacific, 2007. [PDF, 3.3MB]
decorative spacerHIV Infections in the Correctional Setting
Lara B Strick, JA Clark. HIV Web Study, May 2, 2006.
decorative spacerHIV Infection Among Women in Prison: Considerations for Care
Provides information on the treatment of incarcerated women with HIV, including information on correctional risk factors such as mental health and biological factors. De Groot A.S., Cu Uvin S. Brown Medical School: IDCR, May 2005. [PDF, 172K]
Clinician Support Tools
decorative spacerCase Finding and Secondary Prevention with the Incarcerated and Recently Released: Clinical Risk Assessment and Screening Guide
Linda Frank and Monica Fisher. Pennsylvania/Mid Atlantic AETC, September 2006. [PDF, 255K]
Program Management Materials
decorative spacerHIV/AIDS in Places of Detention: A Toolkit for Policymakers, Programme Managers, Prison Officers and Health Care Providers in Prison Settings
World Health Organization, UNAIDS, 2008. [PDF, 2MB]
Patient and Community Education
decorative spacerSexual Violence in Detention Spreads Infectious Diseases
Fact sheet, Stop Prison Rape, October 2007. [PDF, 79.78 KB]
decorative spacerWhat is the Role of Prisons and Jails in HIV Prevention?
UCSF Center for AIDS Prevention Studies (CAPS), March 2009.
Prisons and HIV/AIDS
decorative spacerCanadian HIV/AIDS Legal Network: HIV/AIDS in Prison
Documents from 1995 to the present on issues related to HIV in prisons. Also in French.
decorative spacerCenterforce: Collaborative Programs in HIV, STD and Hepatitis Prevention
Joint program of Centerforce, a agency providing support and services to inmates of San Quentin prison and other facilities in northern and central California, and the UCSF Center for AIDS Prevention Studies.
decorative spacerEmory University: Corrections Demonstration Project
Funded by the CDC and HRSA, the CDP consists of seven state health departments seeking to expand HIV-related services to incarcerated individuals and those recently released.
decorative spacerInfectious Diseases in Corrections Report
A forum sponsored by Brown University for correctional problem-solving that targets correctional administrators and HIV/AIDS- and hepatitis-care providers, including physicians, nurses, outreach workers, and case managers. Formerly the HIV and Hepatitis Education Prison Project.
decorative spacer National HCV Prison Coalition
Joint program of organizations and individuals interested in providing support and education to hepatitis C and HIV/HCV coinfected prisoners.
decorative spacerNewsletter Articles on Prisoners and HIV/AIDS
General, treatment, and legal information on HIV in prisons from The Body.
decorative spacerU.S. Department of Health and Human Services: Services to People with HIV in Correctional Settings
Collaborative corrections initiative by the CDC and HRSA for HIV prevention, intervention, and continuity of care within correctional settings and the community.
General Criminal Justice and Prison Health Care Links
decorative spacerAmerican Correctional Health Services Association
(ACHSA) Organization providing support, skill development, and educational programs for health care personnel, organizations, and decision-makers involved in correctional healthcare.
decorative spacerHealth in Prisons Programme
HIPP is a project by the WHO in Europe for the support of member states to recognize and improve the gap between public health and prison health, on national and international levels.
decorative spacerNational Commission on Correctional Health Care
Mission is to improve the quality of health care provided in jails, prisons, and juvenile confinement facilities in the U.S.
decorative spacerNational Prison Hospice Association
Promotes hospice care for terminally ill inmates.
decorative spacerSociety of Correctional Physicians
An organization of physicians specializing in correctional medicine whose goals include the establishment, review, and promotion of ethical ideals and service standards in correctional medicine, and to encourage research in correctional health care issues.
decorative spacerStop Prisoner Rape
A nonprofit human rights organization that seeks to end sexual violence against men, women, and youth in all forms of detention. Some information also available in Spanish.
decorative spacerU.S. Department of Justice, Corrections Statistics
Various collections of censal data pertaining to the U.S. corrections system. Includes some data on sexual assault in prisons.