| Related Knowledge Base Chapters|
| Journal Articles|
|HIV Transmission in a State Prison System, 1988–2005|
Jafa K, McElroy P, Fitzpatrick L, et al. PLoS ONE. 2009; 4(5): e5416.
|Interventions to Reduce HIV Transmission Related to Injecting Drug Use in Prison|
Jürgens R, Ball A, Verster A. Lancet Infectious Disease, 2009; 9(1):57 - 66.
|HIV in Prison in Low-Income and Middle-Income Countries|
Kate Dolan, Ben Kite, Emma Black, Carmen Aceijas, Gerry V Stimson, for the Reference Group on HIV/AIDS Prevention and Care among Injecting
Drug Users in Developing and Transitional Countries. Lancet Infect Dis. 2007; 7: 32–41
|HIV Transmission Among Male Inmates in a State Prison System - Georgia, 1992-2005|
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2006 April 21; MMWR. 55(15);421-426
|HIV Risks in Incarcerated Injection-Drug Users|
Wood E, Montaner J, Kerr T. Lancet. 2005 Nov 26;366(9500):1834-5.
|Expressed Needs and Behavioral Risk Factors of HIV-Positive Inmates|
Lanier MM, Paoline III EA. Int J Offender Ther Comp Criminol. October 1, 2005; 49(5): 561-573.
|Use of Protective Barriers And Unprotected Sex Among Adult Male Prison Inmates Prior to Incarceration|
Braithwaite R., Stephens T. Int J STD AIDS. 2005 Mar;16(3):224-6
| Guidelines and Best Practices|
| HIV Testing Implementation Guidance for Correctional Settings|
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, January 2009.
|Advancing HIV Prevention: New Strategies for a Changing Epidemic-Interim Technical Guidance for Selected Intervention|
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Dept of Health and Human Services, February 9, 2006.
|Prevention and Control of Infections with Hepatitis Viruses in Correctional Settings|
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, MMWR. 2003;52(No. RR-1):1-33. [PDF version, 465K] See also Appendix: Hepatitis A and B Vaccines.
|NCCHC Clinical Guideline for Health Care in Correctional Settings HIV Infection|
National Commission on Correctional Health Care, October 2006. [PDF, 100K]
|HIV/AIDS Prevention, Care, Treatment and Support in Prisons: A Framework for an Effective National Response|
World Health Organization, UNAIDS, 2006. [PDF, 526K]
|WHO Guidelines on HIV Infection and AIDS in Prisons|
World Health Organization, 1993/1999. [PDF, 278K]
| Policy Reports, Papers, and Briefs|
|Opioid Substitution Therapy in Prisons: Reviewing the Evidence|
Canadian HIV/AIDS Legal Network, February 1, 2008. [PDF, 190K]
|Needle and Syringe Programs and Bleach in Prisons: Reviewing the Evidence|
Canadian HIV/AIDS Legal Network, February 1, 2008. [PDF, 113K]
|Access to Condoms in U.S. Prisons|
HIV/AIDS Policy & Law Review by Megan McLemore, Human Rights Watch. June 27, 2008. [PDF, 233K]
|Effectiveness of Interventions to Address HIV in Prisons|
World Health Organization, 2007. [PDF, 1.3MB] Also available in Russian
|Prison Needle Exchange: Lessons from a Comprehensive Review of International Evidence and Experience|
Rick Lines, Ralf Jürgens, Glenn Betteridge, Heino Stöver, Dumitru Laticevschi, Joachim Nelles. Canadian HIV/AIDS Legal Network. Second Addition, April 30, 2006. [PDF, 764K] Also available in French, Czech, & Russian.
|Harm Reduction Programs in the Civilian and Prison Sectors of the Russian Federation: Assessment of Best Practices.|
Open Health Institute, World Bank, 2006. [PDF, 611K]
|The Effects of Male Incarceration Dynamics on AIDS Infection Rates among African-American Women and Men|
Rucker C. Johnson, Steven Raphael. Goldman School of Public Policy, University of California, Berkeley, July 2005. [PDF, 723K]
|Status Paper on Prisons, Drugs, and Harm Reduction |
WHO Europe, May 2005. [PDF, 270K]
|HIV in Prisons, 2006|
Laura M. Maruschak, U.S. Dept of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, Bureau of Justice Statistics, April 22, 2008.
|Prisons and AIDS: UNAIDS Point of View |
UNAIDS, April 1997. [PDF, 222K] See also Technical Update. [PDF, 266K]
| Online Books and Chapters|
| Provider Education and Training|
|Inside Out: HIV Harm Reduction Education in Closed Settings|
World Health Organization Regional Office for the Western Pacific, 2007. [PDF, 3.3MB]
|HIV Infections in the Correctional Setting|
Lara B Strick, JA Clark. HIV Web Study, May 2, 2006.
|AETC National Resource Center: Corrections Health Training and Education Resources |
Training materials for caregivers of incarcerated and formerly incarcerated individuals. AIDS Education and Training Centers National Resource Center, 2006.
|HIV Infection Among Women in Prison: Considerations for Care |
Provides information on the treatment of incarcerated women with HIV, including information on correctional risk factors such as mental health and biological factors. De Groot A.S., Cu Uvin S. Brown Medical School: IDCR, May 2005. [PDF, 172K]
| Clinician Support Tools|
| Program Management Materials|
| Patient and Community Education|
| Prisons and HIV/AIDS|
| General Criminal Justice and Prison Health Care Links|