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HIV Transmission and Prevention in Prisons: Related Resources
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Related Knowledge Base Chapters
Human Rights and HIV/AIDS
Sofia Gruskin, Daniel Tarantola, April 2002.
Journal Articles
HIV Transmission in a State Prison System, 1988–2005
Jafa K, McElroy P, Fitzpatrick L, et al. PLoS ONE. 2009; 4(5): e5416.
Interventions to Reduce HIV Transmission Related to Injecting Drug Use in Prison
Jürgens R, Ball A, Verster A. Lancet Infectious Disease, 2009; 9(1):57 - 66.
HIV in Prison in Low-Income and Middle-Income Countries
Kate Dolan, Ben Kite, Emma Black, Carmen Aceijas, Gerry V Stimson, for the Reference Group on HIV/AIDS Prevention and Care among Injecting Drug Users in Developing and Transitional Countries. Lancet Infect Dis. 2007; 7: 32–41
HIV Transmission Among Male Inmates in a State Prison System - Georgia, 1992-2005
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2006 April 21; MMWR. 55(15);421-426
HIV Risks in Incarcerated Injection-Drug Users
Wood E, Montaner J, Kerr T. Lancet. 2005 Nov 26;366(9500):1834-5.
Expressed Needs and Behavioral Risk Factors of HIV-Positive Inmates
Lanier MM, Paoline III EA. Int J Offender Ther Comp Criminol. October 1, 2005; 49(5): 561-573.
Use of Protective Barriers And Unprotected Sex Among Adult Male Prison Inmates Prior to Incarceration
Braithwaite R., Stephens T. Int J STD AIDS. 2005 Mar;16(3):224-6
Guidelines and Best Practices
HIV Testing Implementation Guidance for Correctional Settings
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, January 2009.
Advancing HIV Prevention: New Strategies for a Changing Epidemic-Interim Technical Guidance for Selected Intervention
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Dept of Health and Human Services, February 9, 2006.
Prevention and Control of Infections with Hepatitis Viruses in Correctional Settings
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, MMWR. 2003;52(No. RR-1):1-33. [PDF version, 465K] See also Appendix: Hepatitis A and B Vaccines.
NCCHC Clinical Guideline for Health Care in Correctional Settings HIV Infection
National Commission on Correctional Health Care, October 2006. [PDF, 100K]
HIV/AIDS Prevention, Care, Treatment and Support in Prisons: A Framework for an Effective National Response
World Health Organization, UNAIDS, 2006. [PDF, 526K]
WHO Guidelines on HIV Infection and AIDS in Prisons
World Health Organization, 1993/1999. [PDF, 278K]
Policy Reports, Papers, and Briefs
Opioid Substitution Therapy in Prisons: Reviewing the Evidence
Canadian HIV/AIDS Legal Network, February 1, 2008. [PDF, 190K]
Needle and Syringe Programs and Bleach in Prisons: Reviewing the Evidence
Canadian HIV/AIDS Legal Network, February 1, 2008. [PDF, 113K]
Access to Condoms in U.S. Prisons
HIV/AIDS Policy & Law Review by Megan McLemore, Human Rights Watch. June 27, 2008. [PDF, 233K]
Effectiveness of Interventions to Address HIV in Prisons
World Health Organization, 2007. [PDF, 1.3MB] Also available in Russian
Prison Needle Exchange: Lessons from a Comprehensive Review of International Evidence and Experience
Rick Lines, Ralf Jürgens, Glenn Betteridge, Heino Stöver, Dumitru Laticevschi, Joachim Nelles. Canadian HIV/AIDS Legal Network. Second Addition, April 30, 2006. [PDF, 764K] Also available in French, Czech, & Russian.
Harm Reduction Programs in the Civilian and Prison Sectors of the Russian Federation: Assessment of Best Practices.
Open Health Institute, World Bank, 2006. [PDF, 611K]
The Effects of Male Incarceration Dynamics on AIDS Infection Rates among African-American Women and Men
Rucker C. Johnson, Steven Raphael. Goldman School of Public Policy, University of California, Berkeley, July 2005. [PDF, 723K]
Status Paper on Prisons, Drugs, and Harm Reduction
WHO Europe, May 2005. [PDF, 270K]
HIV in Prisons, 2006
Laura M. Maruschak, U.S. Dept of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, Bureau of Justice Statistics, April 22, 2008.
Prisons and AIDS: UNAIDS Point of View
UNAIDS, April 1997. [PDF, 222K] See also Technical Update. [PDF, 266K]
Online Books and Chapters
Correctional Settings Section: Clinical Manual for Management of the HIV-Infected Adult
AIDS Education and Training Centers National Resource Center, 2014.
Provider Education and Training
Inside Out: HIV Harm Reduction Education in Closed Settings
World Health Organization Regional Office for the Western Pacific, 2007. [PDF, 3.3MB]
HIV Infections in the Correctional Setting
Lara B Strick, JA Clark. HIV Web Study, May 2, 2006.
HIV Infection Among Women in Prison: Considerations for Care
Provides information on the treatment of incarcerated women with HIV, including information on correctional risk factors such as mental health and biological factors. De Groot A.S., Cu Uvin S. Brown Medical School: IDCR, May 2005. [PDF, 172K]
Clinician Support Tools
Case Finding and Secondary Prevention with the Incarcerated and Recently Released: Clinical Risk Assessment and Screening Guide
Linda Frank and Monica Fisher. Pennsylvania/Mid Atlantic AETC, September 2006. [PDF, 255K]
Program Management Materials
HIV/AIDS in Places of Detention: A Toolkit for Policymakers, Programme Managers, Prison Officers and Health Care Providers in Prison Settings
World Health Organization, UNAIDS, 2008. [PDF, 2MB]
Patient and Community Education
Sexual Violence in Detention Spreads Infectious Diseases
Fact sheet, Stop Prison Rape, October 2007. [PDF, 79.78 KB]
What is the Role of Prisons and Jails in HIV Prevention?
UCSF Center for AIDS Prevention Studies (CAPS), March 2009.
Prisons and HIV/AIDS
Canadian HIV/AIDS Legal Network: HIV/AIDS in Prison
Documents from 1995 to the present on issues related to HIV in prisons. Also in French.
Centerforce: Collaborative Programs in HIV, STD and Hepatitis Prevention
Joint program of Centerforce, a agency providing support and services to inmates of San Quentin prison and other facilities in northern and central California, and the UCSF Center for AIDS Prevention Studies.
Emory University: Corrections Demonstration Project
Funded by the CDC and HRSA, the CDP consists of seven state health departments seeking to expand HIV-related services to incarcerated individuals and those recently released.
Infectious Diseases in Corrections Report
A forum sponsored by Brown University for correctional problem-solving that targets correctional administrators and HIV/AIDS- and hepatitis-care providers, including physicians, nurses, outreach workers, and case managers. Formerly the HIV and Hepatitis Education Prison Project.
National HCV Prison Coalition
Joint program of organizations and individuals interested in providing support and education to hepatitis C and HIV/HCV coinfected prisoners.
Newsletter Articles on Prisoners and HIV/AIDS
General, treatment, and legal information on HIV in prisons from The Body.
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services: Services to People with HIV in Correctional Settings
Collaborative corrections initiative by the CDC and HRSA for HIV prevention, intervention, and continuity of care within correctional settings and the community.
General Criminal Justice and Prison Health Care Links
American Correctional Health Services Association
(ACHSA) Organization providing support, skill development, and educational programs for health care personnel, organizations, and decision-makers involved in correctional healthcare.
Health in Prisons Programme
HIPP is a project by the WHO in Europe for the support of member states to recognize and improve the gap between public health and prison health, on national and international levels.
National Commission on Correctional Health Care
Mission is to improve the quality of health care provided in jails, prisons, and juvenile confinement facilities in the U.S.
National Prison Hospice Association
Promotes hospice care for terminally ill inmates.
Society of Correctional Physicians
An organization of physicians specializing in correctional medicine whose goals include the establishment, review, and promotion of ethical ideals and service standards in correctional medicine, and to encourage research in correctional health care issues.
Stop Prisoner Rape
A nonprofit human rights organization that seeks to end sexual violence against men, women, and youth in all forms of detention. Some information also available in Spanish.
U.S. Department of Justice, Corrections Statistics
Various collections of censal data pertaining to the U.S. corrections system. Includes some data on sexual assault in prisons.