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Male Circumcision for HIV Prevention in High-Prevalence Countries
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Journal Articles
Circumcision status and risk of HIV and sexually transmitted infections among men who have sex with men: a meta-analysis
Millett GA, Flores SA, Marks G, Reed JB, Herbst JH. JAMA. 2008 Oct 8;300(14):1674-84.
Economic evaluations of adult male circumcision for prevention of heterosexual acquisition of HIV in men in sub-Saharan Africa: A systematic review
Uthman OA, Popoola TA, Uthman MM, et al. PLoS One. 2010 Mar 10;5(3):e9628. Includes commentary from the UCSF Institute for Global Health.
Male circumcision and risk of male-to-female HIV-1 transmission: a multinational prospective study in African HIV-1-serodiscordant couples
Baeten J, Donnell D, Kapiga S, et al. AIDS. 2010 Mar 13;24(5):737-44. Includes commentary from the UCSF Institute for Global Health.
Foreskin surface area and HIV acquisition in Rakai, Uganda (size matters)
Kigozi G, Wawer M, Ssettuba A. AIDS. 2009 Oct 23;23(16):2209-13. Includes commentary from the UCSF Institute for Global Health.
Sherman ME, Ssempiija V, et al. Foreskin inflammation is associated with HIV and herpes simplex virus type-2 infections in Rakai, Uganda
Johnson KE, Sherman ME, Ssempiija V, et al. AIDS. 2009 Jul 3. Includes commentary from the UCSF Institute for Global Health.
Circumcision in HIV-infected men and its effect on HIV transmission to female partners in Rakai, Uganda: a randomised controlled trial
Wawer MJ, Makumbi F, Kigozi G, et al. Lancet. 2009 July; 374(9685):229-37. Includes commentary from the UCSF Institute for Global Health.
Male circumcision for the prevention of HSV-2 and HPV infections and syphilis
Tobian A, Serwadda D, Quinn T, et al. N Engl J Med. 2009;360:1298-309. Includes commentary from the UCSF Institute for Global Health.
Risk compensation is not associated with male circumcision in Kisumu, Kenya: A multi-faceted assessment of men enrolled in a randomized controlled trial
Mattson CL, Campbell RT, Bailey RC, et al. PLoS ONE. 2008;3(6). Includes commentary from the UCSF Institute for Global Health.
Male circumcision for HIV prevention in sub-Saharan Africa: who, what, when?
White RG, Glynn JR, Orroth KK, et al. AIDS. 2008;22:1841-50. Includes commentary from the UCSF Institute for Global Health.
Male circumcision for HIV prevention: a prospective study of complications in clinical and traditional settings in Bungoma, Kenya
Bailey RC, Egesah O, Rosenberg S. Bull World Health Org. 2008;86:669-77. Includes commentary from the UCSF Institute for Global Health.
Understanding the impact of male circumcision interventions on the spread of HIV in southern Africa
Hallett TB, Singh K, Smith JA, White RG, Abu-Raddad LJ, Garnett GP. PloS One. 2008;3:e2212. Includes commentary from the UCSF Institute for Global Health.
Understanding the impact of male circumcision interventions on the spread of HIV in southern Africa.
Hallett TB, Singh K, Smith JA, White RG, Abu-Raddad LJ, Garnett GP. PLoS ONE. 2008 May 21;3(5):e2212.
Male circumcision for HIV prevention in young men in Kisumu, Kenya: a randomised controlled trial
Bailey RC, Moses S, Parker CB, et al. Lancet. 2007; 369: 643-56.
Male circumcision for HIV prevention in men in Rakai, Uganda: a randomised trial
Gray RH, Kigozi G, Serwadda D, et al. Lancet. 2007; 369: 657-66.
Male circumcision and HIV prevention: ethical, medical and public health tradeoffs in low-income countries
Rennie S, Muula AS, Westreich D. Journal of Medical Ethics. 2007;33:357-361
Male circumcision, religion, and infectious diseases: an ecologic analysis of 118 developing countries
Drain PK, Halperin DT, Hughes JP, Klausner JD, Bailey RC. BMC Infect Dis. 2006 Nov 30;6:172.
The potential impact of male circumcision on HIV in Sub-Saharan Africa
Williams BG, Lloyd-Smith JO, Gouws E, et al. PLoS Med. 2006; 3: e262.
Cost-effectiveness of male circumcision for HIV prevention in a South African setting
Kahn JG, Marseille E, Auvert B. PLoS Med 2006; 3: e517.
Acceptability of male circumcision for prevention of HIV/AIDS in sub-Saharan Africa: a review
Westercamp N, Bailey RC. AIDS Behav. Oct 20, 2006.
Epidemiology of complications of male circumcision in Ibadan, Nigeria
Okeke LI, Asinobi AA, Ikuerowo OS. BMC Urol. 2006; 6: 21.
Randomized, controlled intervention trial of male circumcision for reduction of HIV infection risk: the ANRS 1265 Trial
Auvert B, Taljaard D, Lagarde E, Sobngwi-Tambekou J, Sitta R, Puren A. PLoS Med. 2005; 2: e298.
Male circumcision and risk of HIV infection in sub-Saharan Africa: a systematic review and metaanalysis
Weiss HA, Quigley MA, Hayes RJ. AIDS. 2000; 14: 2361-70.
Guidelines and Best Practices
Safe, Voluntary, Informed Male Circumcision and Comprehensive HIV Prevention Programming
Guidance for decision makers on human rights, ethical and legal considerations. UNAIDS Secretariat with assistance from the AIDS Law Project, South Africa. June 2007. [PDF, 408K]
New Data on Male Circumcision and HIV Prevention: Policy and Programme Implications
Conclusions and Recommendations from the WHO/UNAIDS Technical Consultation on Male Circumcision and HIV Prevention. March 2007. [PDF, 3MB]
Policy Reports, Papers, and Briefs
Male Circumcision and Risk for HIV Transmission and Other Health Conditions: Implications for the United States
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). February 2008.
Male Circumcision: Global Trends and Determinants of Prevalence, Safety and Acceptability
London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, the World Health Organization (WHO) and the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS). 2007. [PDF, 2.6K]
Male Circumcision: Evidence and Implications
David Wilson, Joy de Beyer. Global AIDS Monitoring and Evaluation Team (GAMET), World Bank HIV/AIDS Program. March 31, 2006. [PDF, 168K]
Provider Education and Training
Male Circumcision Information Package
Brief summaries in French and English of 4 key areas related to male circumcision for HIV prevention: collaborative activities, prevalence and determinants, health benefits, and scientific evidence. WHO, UNAIDS, JHPIEGO.
Clinician Support Tools
Manual for Male Circumcision under Local Anaesthesia
WHO, UNAIDS, JHPIEGO. January 2008. [PDF, 9.8MB]