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Adherence to HIV Antiretroviral Therapy: Related Resources
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arrow imageRelated Knowledge Base Chapters
arrow imageJournal Articles
arrow imageGuidelines and Best Practices
arrow imageConference Reports and Proceedings
arrow imagePresentations, Interviews, and Roundtable Discussions
arrow imageResearch Summaries
arrow imageOnline Books and Chapters
arrow imageProvider Education and Training
arrow imageClinician Support Tools
arrow imageSlide Sets
arrow imagePatient and Community Education
arrow imageLinks
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Related Knowledge Base Chapters
decorative spacerAntiretroviral Drug Profiles
Laurence Peiperl, Susa Coffey.
decorative spacerSymptom Management Guidelines
Lisa Capaldini, July 2004.
decorative spacerGenotypic Testing for HIV Drug Resistance
Robert W. Shafer, April 2004.
decorative spacerSide Effects of Antiretroviral Drugs: Related Resources
Journal Articles
decorative spacerAging, antiretrovirals, and adherence: a meta analysis of adherence among older HIV-infected individuals
Ghidei L, Simone MJ, Salow MJ, et al. Drugs Aging. 2013 Aug 20. [Epub ahead of print]
decorative spacerCurrent strategies for improving access and adherence to antiretroviral therapies in resource-limited settings
Scanlon ML, Vreeman RC. HIV AIDS (Auckl). 2013;5:1-17.
decorative spacerAntiretroviral therapy adherence support: recommendations and future directions
Amico KR, Orrell C. J Int Assoc Provid AIDS Care. 2013 Mar-Apr;12(2):128-37. Review.
decorative spacerAdherence-enhancing interventions for highly active antiretroviral therapy in HIV-infected patients: a systematic review
Mathes T, Pieper D, Antoine SL, et al. HIV Med. 2013 Jun 17. [Epub ahead of print]
decorative spacerAdherence to antiretroviral therapy during and after pregnancy in low-income, middle-income, and high-income countries: a systematic review and meta-analysis
Nachega JB, Uthman OA, Anderson J, et al. AIDS. 2012 Oct 23;26(16):2039-52.
decorative spacerMobile phone text messaging for promoting adherence to antiretroviral therapy in patients with HIV infection
Horvath T, Azman H, Kennedy GE, Rutherford GW. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2012 Mar 14;3:CD009756.
decorative spacerTechnology-based self-care methods of improving antiretroviral adherence: a systematic review
Saberi P, Johnson MO. PLoS One. 2011;6(11):e27533.
decorative spacerEntry and retention in medical care among HIV-diagnosed persons: a meta-analysis
Marks G, Gardner LI, Craw J, et al. AIDS. 2010 Nov 13; 24(17):2665-78. Includes commentary from the UCSF Institute for Global Health.
decorative spacerTrends in retention on antiretroviral therapy in national programs in low-income and middle-income countries
Tassie JM, Baijal P, Vitoria MA, et al. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2010 Aug 1;54(4):437-41. Includes commentary from the UCSF Institute for Global Health.
decorative spacerFactors associated with non-adherence to long-term highly active antiretroviral therapy: a 10 year follow-up analysis with correction for the bias induced by missing data
Protopopescu C, Raffi F, Roux P, et al; ANRS CO8 APROCO-COPILOTE Study Group. J Antimicrob Chemother. 2009 Sep;64(3):599-606.
decorative spacerAntiretroviral medication adherence and the development of class-specific antiretroviral resistance
Gardner EM, Burman WJ, Steiner JF, et al. AIDS. 2009 Jun 1;23(9):1035-46.
decorative spacerSeven steps to better adherence: a practical approach to promoting adherence to antiretroviral therapy
Machtinger EL, Bangsberg DR. AIDS Read. 2007 Jan;17(1):43-51. Review.
decorative spacerSustained benefit from a long-term antiretroviral adherence intervention: results of a large randomized clinical trial
Mannheimer SB, Morse E, Matts JP, et al; Terry Beirn Community Programs for Clinical Research on AIDS. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2006 Dec 1;43 Suppl 1:S41-7. Includes commentary from the UCSF Institute for Global Health.
decorative spacerEfficacy of interventions in improving highly active antiretroviral therapy adherence and HIV-1 RNA viral load: a meta-analytic review of randomized controlled trials
Simoni JM, Pearson CR, Pantalone DW, et al. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2006 Dec 1;43 Suppl 1:S23-35. Includes commentary from the UCSF Institute for Global Health.
decorative spacerAdherence to HAART: a systematic review of developed and developing nation patient-reported barriers and facilitators
Mills EJ, Nachega JB, Bangsberg DR, et al. PLoS Med. 2006 Nov;3(11):e438. Includes commentary from the UCSF Institute for Global Health.
Guidelines and Best Practices
decorative spacerLimitations to Treatment Safety and Efficacy: Adherence to Antiretroviral Therapy
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services; Panel on Antiretroviral Guidelines for Adults and Adolescents.
Excerpt from the current version of the Guidelines for the Use of Antiretroviral Agents in HIV-1-Infected Adults and Adolescents.
decorative spacerAdherence to Antiretroviral Therapy in HIV-Infected Children and Adolescents
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Panel on Antiretroviral Therapy and Medical Management of HIV-Infected Children.
Excerpt from the current version of the Guidelines for the Use of Antiretroviral Agents in Pediatric HIV Infection.
decorative spacerGuidelines for improving entry into and retention in care and antiretroviral adherence for persons with HIV: evidence-based recommendations from an International Association of Physicians in AIDS Care panel
Thompson MA, Mugavero MJ, Amico KR, et al. Ann Intern Med. 2012 Jun 5;156(11):817-33.
decorative spacerAdherence to HIV Treatment Regimens: Recommendations for Best Practices
American Public Health Association (APHA); June 2004.
Conference Reports and Proceedings
decorative spacer8th International Conference on HIV Treatment and Prevention Adherence
Sponsored by the International Association of Providers of AIDS Care (IAPAC), the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH), and the Postgraduate Institute for Medicine (PIM); June 2-4, 2013; Miami, FL.

Website features comprehensive summaries of conference presentations in PDF format.

Presentations, Interviews, and Roundtable Discussions
decorative spacerRetention in HIV Care and Treatment Adherence
Edward Gardner, MD, Denver Public Health. Presentation delivered at the American Conference for the Treatment of HIV; March 22, 2013; Denver, CO. [PDF, 737K]
decorative spacerInternational Perspectives of Adherence and Resistance to HIV Therapy
David Bangsberg. Seattle, Center for AIDS and STD (CFAS) and Center for AIDS Research (CFAR). February 2008. PowerPoint slide presentation with audio.
Research Summaries
decorative spacerPersonalized Plans to Address Barriers to HIV Drug Adherence Boost Chances of Successful Therapy
Science Daily; January 29, 2013. Summary of research findings from a study by Gross R, Bellamy SL, Chapman J, et al.
Includes link to a downloadable version of the Treatment Manual for Managed Problem Solving (MAPS), an HIV medication adherence intervention for social workers, psychologists, nurses, physicians, and other health care professionals.
Online Books and Chapters
decorative spacerTreatment Manual for Managed Problem Solving (MAPS)
Gross R, Bellamy SL, Chapman J, et al; 2012. An HIV medication adherence intervention for social workers, psychologists, nurses, physicians, and other health care professionals, in PDF format. [Registration required.]
decorative spacerAdherence Chapter: Guide for HIV/AIDS Clinical Care
AIDS Education and Training Centers National Resource Center, 2014.
decorative spacerMedication Adherence Chapter
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Compendium of Evidence-Based HIV Behavioral Interventions.
Provider Education and Training
decorative spacerAdherence to Antiretroviral Therapy in Adults: A Guide for Trainers
Horizons/Population Council, International Centre for Reproductive Health, Coast Province General Hospital, Mombasa-Kenya, 2004. [PDF, 1MB]
Clinician Support Tools
decorative spacerTable 12. Strategies to Improve Adherence to Antiretroviral Treatment
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services; Panel on Antiretroviral Guidelines for Adults and Adolescents. Guidelines for the Use of Antiretroviral Agents in HIV-1-Infected Adults and Adolescents; February 12, 2013. [JPG, 504K]
decorative spacerHIV Visual Med Scheduler
An online program from MedActionPlan.com which allows healthcare providers to customize and document treatment regimens for the purpose of improving patient adherence.
Slide Sets
decorative spacerGuidelines for Improving Entry into and Retention in Care and Antiretroviral Adherence for Persons with HIV
Slides to accompany the recommendations of the International Association of Physicians in AIDS Care panel. Also available in Spanish. March 2012. [PPT, 1.1MB]
decorative spacerAntiretroviral Resistance Testing in the Management of HIV-Infected Patients
Northwest AETC, August 2006. [PowerPoint, 4.2MB]
Patient and Community Education
decorative spacerTreatment Adherence
AIDSinfo. HIV and Its Treatment. Reviewed August 2012. [PDF, 75KB]
decorative spacerAdhering to My HIV Treatment Regimen
AIDSinfo. HIV and Its Treatment. Fact Sheet #10, page 15, reviewed August 2012. [PDF, 984.49 KB]
decorative spacerAdherence
Aidsmap. An online patient information booklet addressing the support systems, tips, and importance on adhering to your HIV antiretroviral therapy. Last updated May 2005.
Links
decorative spacerAardex
Formerly Aprex, Inc., Aardex offers innovative tools to increase medication adherence and compliance. Site includes a compliance bibliography.
decorative spacerCombo Cards
Pocket-sized information cards with customized information on a person's antiviral regimen, designed to supplement physician-to-patient medication instruction and counseling. A publication of Smart and Strong (POZ Magazine.)
decorative spacere-pill.com
Offers a range of interesting medication adherence and compliance tools for patients.
decorative spaceriHealth Patient Compliance Portal
Provides links to companies offering a variety of adherence tools.
decorative spacerPill Swallowing Program
Online training module from the Baylor International Pediatric AIDS Initiative designed to provide guidelines on teaching children to swallow pills. Videotape also available.
decorative spacerWest Portal
Questionnaire software (CASIC Builder) developed for patient audio-computer assisted self-interviews that collects information about a patient's medication regimen for research, surveys, and clinical uses, including adherence studies.