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Primary Care of Infants and Children with HIV: Related Resources
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Updates
Antiretroviral Drug Dosing for Infants and Children: Calculation by Weight or Body Surface Area?
Arthur Ammann, Global Strategies for HIV Prevention, UCSF Center for HIV Information, January 2009.
Related Knowledge Base Chapters
Orphans and Affected Families: Related Resources
Preventing Mother-to-Child Transmission: Related Resources
Primary Care of Adolescents with HIV: Related Resources
Journal Articles
Survival of HIV-infected children: A cohort study from the Asia-Pacific region
Lumbiganon P, Kariminia A, Aurpibul L, Hansudewechakul R, Puthanakit T, Kurniati N, Kumarasamy N, Chokephaibulkit K, Nik Yusoff NK, Vonthanak S, Moy FS, Mohd Razali KA, Nallusamy R, Sohn AH. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2011 56:4,365-71. Includes commentary from the UCSF Institute for Global Health.
Long-term survival of HIV-infected children receiving antiretroviral therapy in Thailand: A 5-year observational cohort study
Collins IJ, Jourdain G, Hansudewechakul R, Kanjanavanit S, Hongsiriwon S, Ngampiyasakul C, et al. Clin Infect Dis. 2010; 51(12):1449-57. Includes commentary from the UCSF Institute for Global Health.
Extended antenatal antiretroviral use correlates with improved infant outcomes throughout the first year of life
Marazzi MC, Liotta G, Nielsen-Saines K, et al. AIDS. 2010, Nov 27;(24):2819-26. Includes commentary from the UCSF Institute for Global Health.
Drug resistance in human immunodeficiency virus type-1 infected Zambian children using adult fixed dose combination stavudine, lamivudine, and nevirapine
Gupta RK, Ford D, Mulenga V, Walker AS, Kabamba D, Kalumbi M, Grant PR, Ferrier A, Pillay D, Gibb DM, Chintu C. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2010; 29:e57-62. Includes commentary from the UCSF Institute for Global Health.
Short-term risk of HIV disease progression and death in Ugandan children not eligible for antiretroviral therapy
Charlebois ED, Ruel TD, Gasasira AF, et al. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2010 Jun 29. Includes commentary from the UCSF Institute for Global Health.
Effect on mortality and virological response of delaying antiretroviral therapy initiation in children receiving tuberculosis treatment
Yotebieng M, Van Rie A, Moultrie H, et al. AIDS. 2010 Jun 1;24(9):1341-9. Includes commentary from the UCSF Institute for Global Health.
Antiretroviral therapy in antenatal care to increase treatment initiation in HIV-infected pregnant women: a stepped-wedge evaluation
Killam WP, Tambatamba BC, Chintu N. AIDS. 2009 Oct 3. Includes commentary from the UCSF Institute for Global Health.
Frequency of gastroenteritis and gastroenteritis-associated mortality with early weaning in HIV-1-uninfected children born to HIV-infected women in Malawi
Kafulafula G, Hoover DR, Taha TE. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2009 Oct 20. Includes commentary from the UCSF Institute for Global Health.
Paediatric HIV management at primary care level: an evaluation of the integrated management of childhood illness (IMCI) guidelines for HIV
Horwood C, Vermaak K, Rollins N. BMC Pediatr. 2009 Sep 22;9(1):59. Includes commentary from the UCSF Institute for Global Health.
Universal HIV testing of infants at immunization clinics: an acceptable and feasible approach for early infant diagnosis in high HIV prevalence settings
Rollins N, Mzolo S, Moodley T. AIDS. 2009 Sept 10;23(14):1851-7. Includes commentary from the UCSF Institute for Global Health.
Evaluation of a dried blood spot HIV-1 RNA program for early infant diagnosis and viral load monitoring at rural and remote healthcare facilities
Lofgren SM, Morrissey AB, Chevallier CC. 2009 Nov 27;23(18):2459-66. Includes commentary from the UCSF Institute for Global Health.
Impact of HAART and CNS-penetrating antiretroviral regimens on HIV encephalopathy among perinatally infected children and adolescents
Patel K, Ming X, Williams PL. AIDS. 2009 Sep 10;23(14):1893-901. Includes commentary from the UCSF Institute for Global Health.
Predictors of virologic failure and genotypic resistance mutation patterns in Thai children receiving non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor-based antiretroviral therapy
Jittamala P, Puthanakit T, Chaiinseeard S. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2009 Sep;28(9):826-30. Includes commentary from the UCSF Institute for Global Health.
Early HIV-1 diagnosis using in-house real-time PCR amplification on dried blood spots for infants in remote and resource-limited settings
Ngo-Giang-Huong N, Khamduang W, Leurent B, et al. JAIDS. 2008 Dec;49(5):465-71. Includes commentary from the UCSF Institute for Global Health.
Morbidity in HIV-1-infected children treated or not treated with highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART), Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire, 2000-04
Walenda C, Alain K, Franois R, Louise W, Marie-France A, Philippe M. J Trop Pediatr. 2008 Dec 9. Epub. Includes commentary from the UCSF Institute for Global Health.
Implementation of a comprehensive program including psycho-social and treatment literacy activities to improve adherence to HIV care and treatment for a pediatric population in Kenya
Van Winghem J, Telfer B, Reid T, et al. BMC Pediatr. 2008 Nov 21;8:52. Includes commentary from the UCSF Institute for Global Health.
HIV infection, malnutrition, and invasive bacterial infection among children with severe malaria
Berkley JA, Bejon P, Mwangi T, et al. Clin Infect Dis. 2009 Aug 1;49(3):336-43.
Survival from 9 months of age among HIV-infected and uninfected Zambian children prior to the availability of antiretroviral therapy
Sutcliffe CG, Scott S, Mugala N, et al. Clin Infect Dis. 2008;47:837-44. Includes commentary from the UCSF Institute for Global Health.
Electronic measurement of adherence to pediatric antiretroviral therapy in South Africa
Muller A, Bode S, Myer L, Roux P, von Steinbuchel N. AIDS. 2008;27:257-62. Includes commentary from the UCSF Institute for Global Health.
Mortality in HIV-infected Ugandan adults receiving antiretroviral treatment and survival of their HIV-uninfected children: a prospective cohort study
Mermin J, Were W, Ekwaru JP, Moore D, Downing R, Behumbiize P, et al. Lancet. 2008 Mar 1;371(9614):752-9. Includes commentary from the UCSF Institute for Global Health.
Maternal disease stage and child undernutrition in relation to mortality among children born to HIV-infected women in Tanzania
Chatterjee A, Bosch RJ, Hunter DJ, Fataki MR, Msamanga GI, Fawzi WW. JAIDS 2007 Dec 15;46(5):599-606. Includes commentary from the UCSF Institute for Global Health.
Effectiveness of highly active antiretroviral therapy in HIV-positive children: evaluation at 12 months in a routine program in Cambodia
Janssens B, Raleigh B, Soeung S, Akao K, Te V, Gupta J, et al. Pediatrics 2007 Nov;120(5):e1134-40. Includes commentary from the UCSF Institute for Global Health.
Scaling-up cotrimoxazole prophylaxis in HIV-exposed and HIV-infected children in high HIV-prevalence countries
Zachariah R, Harries AD, Luo C, Bachman G, Graham SM. Lancet Infect Dis. 2007 Oct;7(10):686-93.
Child mortality according to maternal and infant HIV status in Zimbabwe
Marinda E, Humphrey JH, Iliff PJ, Mutasa K, Nathoo KJ, Piwoz EG, et al. Pediatr Infect Dis J 2007 Jun;26(6):519-26. Includes commentary from the UCSF Institute for Global Health.
Reduction in Preterm Delivery and Neonatal Mortality after the Introduction of Antenatal Cotrimoxazole Prophylaxis among HIV-Infected Women with Low CD4 Cell Counts
Walter J, Mwiya M, Scott N, Kasonde P, Sinkala M, Kankasa C, Kauchali S, Aldrovandi GM, Thea DM, Kuhn L. J Infect Dis. 2006 Dec 01; 194 (11) :1510-8.
Contribution of bacterial sepsis to morbidity in infants born to HIV-infected Haïtian mothers
Noel F, Wright PF, Bois G, Deschamps MM, de Matteis P, Cassangnol R, Thimothee M, Celestin K, Vaz L, Bradshaw JA, Brignoli E, Zhu Y, Johnson WD, Fitzgerald D, Pape JW. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 2006 Nov 1;43(3):313-9.
A prospective controlled study of neurodevelopment in HIV-uninfected children exposed to combination antiretroviral drugs in pregnancy
Alimenti A, Forbes JC, Oberlander TF, Money DM, Grunau RE, Papsdorf MP, Maan E, Cole LJ, Burdge DR. Pediatrics 2006 Oct;118(4):e1139-45.
CD4 Cell Response to Antiretroviral Therapy in Children with Vertically Acquired HIV Infection: Is It Associated with Age at Initiation?
European Collaborative Study. J Infect Dis. 2006 Apr 1;193(7):954-62.
Effects of perinatal HIV infection and associated risk factors on cognitive development among young children
Smith R, Malee K, Leighty R, Brouwers P, Mellins C, Hittelman J, Chase C, Blasini I; Women and Infants Transmission Study Group. Pediatrics. 2006 Mar;117(3):851-62.
A 12-month treatment with tenofovir does not impair bone mineral accrual in HIV-infected children
Giacomet V, Mora S, Martelli L, Merlo M, Sciannamblo M, Vigano A. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 2005 Dec 1;40(4):448-50.
Guidelines and Best Practices
Guidelines for the Use of Antiretroviral Agents in Pediatric HIV Infection
Panel on Antiretroviral Therapy and Medical Management of HIV-Infected Children, Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA), and National Institutes of Health (NIH). Also available, related slide sets from the AETC National Resource Center.
Guidelines for Prevention and Treatment of Opportunistic Infections among HIV-Exposed and HIV-Infected Children
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the National Institutes of Health (NIH), and the Infectious Diseases Society of America (IDSA).
Early detection of HIV Infection in Infants and Children
World Health Organization, May 2007. [PDF, 330K]
Directives Nationales Pour les Soins et le Traitement des Nourrissons, des Enfants et des Adolescents Exposés au VIH ou Porteurs du Virus
République d'Haïti, Ministère De La Santé Publique Et De La Population, Unité de Contrôle et de Coordination du Programme National de Lutte Contre le VIH/SIDA (UCC). December 2006. [PDF, 6.5MB]
Guidelines for the Use of Antiretroviral Agents in Pediatric HIV Infection
National Pediatric and Family HIV Resource Center (NPHRC), Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA), and National Institutes of Health (NIH), updated February 28, 2008.
Antiretroviral Drugs for Treating Pregnant Women and Preventing HIV Infection in Infants in Resource-Limited Settings: Towards Universal Access, Recommendations for a Public Health Approach
World Health Organization, August 7, 2006. [PDF, 2.4MB]
bullet.gifRapid Advice: ARV Treatment for Pregnant Women and Prevention of Infection in Infants
WHO, November 30, 2009. [PDF, 373K]
bullet.gifRapid Advice: HIV and Infant Feeding--Revised Principles and Recommendations
World Health Organization, November 30, 2009. [PDF, 219K]
Antiretroviral Therapy of HIV Infection in Infants and Children in Resource-Limited Settings: Towards Universal Access, Recommendations for a Public Health Approach
WHO, August 7, 2006. [PDF, 1.6MB]
Guidelines on Co-trimoxazole Prophylaxis for HIV-Related Infections Among Children, Adolescents and Adults in Resource-Limited Settings: sRecommendations for a Public Health Approach
WHO, August 7, 2006. [PDF, 1.1MB]
WHO Case Definitions of HIV for Surveillance and Revised Clinical Staging and Immunological Classification of HIV-Related Disease in Adults and Children
WHO, August 7, 2006. [PDF, 1.1MB]
Pediatric HIV/AIDS Care and Treatment Pocket Guide
Ruby Fayorsey, Elaine J. Abrams, International Center for AIDS Care and Treatment Programs, Columbia University Mailman School of Public Health, 2006. [PDF, 1.2MB]
Management of HIV Infection and Antiretroviral Therapy in Infants and Children -- A Clinical Manual
World Health Organization Regional Office for South-East Asia, 2006. [PDF, 1.8MB]
Care for Children Infected and Those Affected by HIV/AIDS: A Handbook for Community Health Workers
Save the Children UK, 2003. [PDF, 2MB]
Recommendations for Immunization of Infants and Children
Arthur Ammann, Global Strategies for HIV Prevention, April 2002. Compiled from CDC, American Academy of Pediatrics, and WHO recommendations.
Policy Reports, Papers, and Briefs
Children and AIDS: Second Stocktaking Report - Actions and Progress
United Nations Children's Fund, April 2008. [PDF, 2.2MB]
Children and AIDS: A Stocktaking Report - Actions and Progress during the First Year of Unite for Children, Unite Against AIDS
United Nations Children's Fund, January 2007. [PDF, 2.2MB]
Safeguarding Investment in PMTCT Programs by Incorporating Essential Newborn Care
Indira Narayanan, Alakanada Bagchi, Mandy Rose, Carrie Hessler-Radelet, Christina Kramer. Basic Support for Institutionalizing Child Survival (BASICS II) Project, March 2004. [PDF, 697K]
Conference Reports and Proceedings
Selected PMTCT, Microbicide, and Pediatric Presentations,16th Conference on Retroviruses and Opportunistic Infections (CROI 2009)
Lynne Mofenson, National Institutes of Health (NIH), UCSF Center for HIV Information (CHI), February 2009. [PPT, 5.5MB]
Selected PMTCT and Pediatric Studies,15th Conference on Retroviruses and Opportunistic Infections (CROI 2008)
Lynne Mofenson, National Institutes of Health (NIH), UCSF Center for HIV Information (CHI), February 2008. [PPT, 8.6 MB]
Coverage of the 15th Conference on Retroviruses and Opportunistic Infections (CROI)
UCSF Center for HIV Information, February 2008. See also coverage of the 14th, 13th and 12th CROI.
Presentations, Interviews, and Roundtable Discussions
Challenges in Pediatric and Adolescent HIV Care
Streaming and media and slides from Lynne Mofenson's lecture at the 15th CROI conference. February 2008.
Southern African HIV Clinicians Society Paediatric Internet-Based Discussion Group Summaries
Southern African HIV Clinicians Society, January 2007.
Pediatric Diagnosis and Monitoring Working Group Presentations
Forum for Collaborative HIV Research, February 9, 2006.
Pediatric Formulations for Antiretroviral Therapies
Forum for Collaborative HIV Research. April 28, 2005.
UNICEF/WHO Technical Consultation on Paediatric ARV Formulations
Geneva, Switzerland, November 3-4, 2004. See in particular the final workshop report: Improving Access to Appropriate Paediatric ARV Formulations. [PDF, 383K]
Research Summaries
HIV, Tuberculosis, and Multidrug Resistance: Implications for HIV-Infected Children
Arthur Ammann, Heather Dron, UCSF Center for HIV Information, April 2008.
Early Diagnosis of HIV Infection in HIV-Exposed Infants: Can Complexity and Cost Be Overcome in Resource-Poor Settings?
Arthur Ammann, Sahai Burrowes, UCSF Center for HIV Information, March 2007.
Malaria and HIV: The Impact on Pregnant Women and Infants
Arthur Ammann, Sahai Burrowes, UCSF Center for HIV Information, January 2007.
Use of Total Lymphocyte Count vs CD4 Cell Count as a Marker of Immunity in HIV-Infected Adults and Children
Arthur Ammann, Sahai Burrowes, UCSF Center for HIV Information, June 2006.
Anti-HIV Therapy: Differences Between Adults and Children
Aidsmap, January 24, 2005.
Online Books and Chapters
Pediatric Human Immunodeficiency Virus Infection
Arthur J. Ammann, March 2004. From the text book, Immunologic Disorders in Infants and Children edited by ER Stiehm, HD Ochs, JA Winkelstein. Saunders, 5th edition, 2004. Published by Elsevier. Comprehensive review of pediatric HIV infection and prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV. Includes diagnosis, prevention, and care. Used with permission. [PDF, 4.31MB]
Pediatrics
The Merck Manual for Health Care Professionals.
Provider Education and Training
Care of the HIV-Exposed Infant
Mailman School of Public Health at Columbia University, February 2007. [PDF, 3.0MB] See also, the related slide sets: Care of HIV-Infected Infants and Children [PowerPoint, 7.6MB], Pediatric Adherence [PDF, 512K], Pediatric Disclosure: Talking to Children about HIV [PDF, 390K], and Infant Diagnosis: Case Studies [PDF, 1.7MB].
Follow-Up Care and Treatment for the HIV-Exposed or HIV-Infected Child
Arthur Ammann, Sahai Burrowes. In: Prevention of Mother-to-Child Transmission of HIV in Resource-Limited Settings: A Training Course. UCSF Center for HIV Information, February 2006.
Collection, Storage and Transportation of Dried Blood Spots for Infant Diagnosis
International Center for AIDS Care and Treatment Programs (ICAP). 2006. [PowerPoint, 8.4MB]
Introductory Curriculum on Pediatric HIV/AIDS Care and Treatment [Draft]: Participant's Manual
Mailman School of Public Health at Columbia University. November 2005. [PDF, 4MB]
Clinician Support Tools
Antiretroviral Drug Dosing for Infants and Children: Calculation by Weight or Body Surface Area?
Arthur Ammann, Global Strategies for HIV Prevention, UCSF Center for HIV Information, January 2009.
WHO Generic Tool for Assessing Paediatric ARV Dosing
World Health Organization, 2007.
Child Health Card from Zimbabwe
Zimbabwe Ministry of Health and Child Welfare, 2008. [PDF, 2MB]
Summary and Recommendations: Prophylaxis for Pneumocystis jiroveci Pneumonia (PCP) in Adults, Infants, and Children
Arthur Ammann. Global Strategies for HIV Prevention, September 2006.
Pediatric Antiretroviral and Cotrimoxazole Dosing: Pediatric Dosing in Resource-Constrained Settings
CDC Global AIDS Program, Baylor International Pediatric AIDS Initiative, MTCT-Plus Initiative. November 2006. [PDF, 733K].
The Columbia Clinical Manual
Miriam Rabkin, Wafaa El-Sadr, Elaine Abrams. The MTCT-Plus Initiative, International Center for AIDS Programs, Columbia University Mailman School of Public Health, 2005. [PDF, 5.0MB]
The ICAP Pediatric Clinical Manual
Elaine Abrams, Wafaa El-Sadr, Miriam Rabkin. The MTCT-Plus Initiative, International Center for AIDS Programs, Columbia University Mailman School of Public Health, September 2004. [PDF, 1.8MB] Also available in Spanish, French, and Portuguese.
Slide Sets
Guidelines for Prevention and Treatment of Opportunistic Infections among HIV-Exposed and HIV-Infected Children: Comprehensive Slide Set
Prepared by the AETC National Resource Center to accompany recommendations from the CDC, NIH, HIV Medicine Association of the Infectious Diseases Society of America, Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society, and American Academy of Pediatrics; June 2008. [PowerPoint, 1.5MB]
Links
Organizations and Resources
Women, Children, and HIV: Resources for Prevention and Treatment
State-of-the-art clinical information and training resources on prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV, care of women and children with HIV, and related topics. A collaborative project of the Fran├žois-Xavier Bagnoud Center (FXBC) at the University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey (UMDNJ) and the UCSF Center for HIV Information (CHI).
AIDS Alliance for Children, Youth, and Families
A national, non-profit organization founded to help respond to the unique concerns of children, youth, women, and families who are living with, at risk for, or affected by HIV/AIDS. They conduct policy research, education, and advocacy on a broad range of HIV/AIDS prevention, care, and research issues.
Baylor International Pediatric AIDS Initiative
Their programs provide comprehensive medical and social services to HIV-infected and exposed infants and children in Houston, Romania, Mexico, Panama, and southern Africa.
Camp Heartland
Camp for kids affected with HIV/AIDS. Located in Willow River, Minnesota, the camp provides the opportunity to experience the pure joy of being a kid while instilling a sense of liberation, support, strength, hope, and confidence.
Camp Kindle
Mission is to enhance the mental, physical and spiritual well being of young people infected with or affected by HIV/AIDS, in the belief that self-esteem is the foundation for building this trinity of wellness.
Camp Laurel
Provides free camping and mentoring programs for hundreds of children living with HIV and AIDS. Located in Southern California, the camp provides an opportunity to enjoy the outdoors while forming support groups with peers.
Children Affected by AIDS Foundation
Grantmaking organization that funds projects designed to make a difference in the lives of children infected with or affected by HIV/AIDS, primarily in the United States. Includes orphan initiatives.
Children with AIDS Project of America
An advocacy group started by parents who adopted an HIV-positive baby. Includes adoption and HIV/AIDS resources.
Elizabeth Glaser Pediatric AIDS Foundation
Their goals are to prevent transmission of HIV from mother to child, to improve the lives of children with HIV/AIDS and other serious and life-threatening diseases, and to ensure that children are at the forefront of every scientific breakthrough. The Foundation is involved in many international initiatives.
Francois-Xavier Bagnoud Center (FXBC) of the University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey
The mission of FXBC is to expand health and supportive services that improve the quality of life for children and families with chronic illness including HIV infection in the United States and globally.
National Pediatric AIDS Network
Information regarding HIV/AIDS in pediatric and youth communities, including medical information, clinical trials, international issues, complementary therapy, and more.
Pediatrics
Journal published by the The American Academy of Pediatrics; includes significant HIV-related content.
International Maternal Pediatric Adolescent AIDS Clinical Trials Group
(IMPAACT) (formerly the Pediatric AIDS Clinical Trials Group)
Pediatric HIV Treatment Issues
Index of articles and web resources from The Body.
Positive Life
The purpose of the Positive Life web site is to serve as a resource to improve the quality of life for youth with HIV/AIDS and to provide information on AIDS research and clinical trials. The site also includes a bulletin board and an "Ask the Expert" section.
Talking with Kids About HIV/AIDS
Guidance for parents on discussing HIV/AIDS with their children. Also in Spanish.
United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF)
UNICEF is mandated by the United Nations General Assembly to advocate for the protection of children's rights, to help meet their basic needs and to expand their opportunities to reach their full potential.
Links for Children
Women, Children, and HIV: Resources for Prevention and Treatment
State-of-the-art clinical information and training resources on prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV, care of women and children with HIV, and related topics. A collaborative project of the Fran├žois-Xavier Bagnoud Center (FXBC) at the University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey (UMDNJ) and the UCSF Center for HIV Information (CHI).
AIDS Alliance for Children, Youth, and Families
A national, non-profit organization founded to help respond to the unique concerns of children, youth, women, and families who are living with, at risk for, or affected by HIV/AIDS. They conduct policy research, education, and advocacy on a broad range of HIV/AIDS prevention, care, and research issues.
Baylor International Pediatric AIDS Initiative
Their programs provide comprehensive medical and social services to HIV-infected and exposed infants and children in Houston, Romania, Mexico, Panama, and southern Africa.
Camp Heartland
Camp for kids affected with HIV/AIDS. Located in Willow River, Minnesota, the camp provides the opportunity to experience the pure joy of being a kid while instilling a sense of liberation, support, strength, hope, and confidence.
Camp Kindle
Mission is to enhance the mental, physical and spiritual well being of young people infected with or affected by HIV/AIDS, in the belief that self-esteem is the foundation for building this trinity of wellness.
Camp Laurel
Provides free camping and mentoring programs for hundreds of children living with HIV and AIDS. Located in Southern California, the camp provides an opportunity to enjoy the outdoors while forming support groups with peers.
Children Affected by AIDS Foundation
Grantmaking organization that funds projects designed to make a difference in the lives of children infected with or affected by HIV/AIDS, primarily in the United States. Includes orphan initiatives.
Children with AIDS Project of America
An advocacy group started by parents who adopted an HIV-positive baby. Includes adoption and HIV/AIDS resources.
Elizabeth Glaser Pediatric AIDS Foundation
Their goals are to prevent transmission of HIV from mother to child, to improve the lives of children with HIV/AIDS and other serious and life-threatening diseases, and to ensure that children are at the forefront of every scientific breakthrough. The Foundation is involved in many international initiatives.
Francois-Xavier Bagnoud Center (FXBC) of the University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey
The mission of FXBC is to expand health and supportive services that improve the quality of life for children and families with chronic illness including HIV infection in the United States and globally.
National Pediatric AIDS Network
Information regarding HIV/AIDS in pediatric and youth communities, including medical information, clinical trials, international issues, complementary therapy, and more.
Pediatrics
Journal published by the The American Academy of Pediatrics; includes significant HIV-related content.
International Maternal Pediatric Adolescent AIDS Clinical Trials Group
(IMPAACT) (formerly the Pediatric AIDS Clinical Trials Group)
Pediatric HIV Treatment Issues
Index of articles and web resources from The Body.
Positive Life
The purpose of the Positive Life web site is to serve as a resource to improve the quality of life for youth with HIV/AIDS and to provide information on AIDS research and clinical trials. The site also includes a bulletin board and an "Ask the Expert" section.
Talking with Kids About HIV/AIDS
Guidance for parents on discussing HIV/AIDS with their children. Also in Spanish.
United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF)
UNICEF is mandated by the United Nations General Assembly to advocate for the protection of children's rights, to help meet their basic needs and to expand their opportunities to reach their full potential.