| Related Knowledge Base Chapters|
| Journal Articles|
|Nutritional interventions for reducing morbidity and mortality in people with HIV|
Grobler L, Siegfried N, Visser ME, et al. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2013 Feb 28;2:CD004536. Review.
|Nutritional supplementation: the additional costs of managing children infected with HIV in resource-constrained settings|
Cobb G, Bland RM. Trop Med Int Health. 2013 Jan;18(1):45-52.
|Nutrition and the HIV-associated lipodystrophy syndrome|
Loonam CR, Mullen A. Nutr Res Rev. 2012 Dec;25(2):267-87. Review.
|Interventions to address chronic disease and HIV: strategies to promote exercise and nutrition among HIV-infected individuals|
Botros D, Somarriba G, Neri D, et al. Curr HIV/AIDS Rep. 2012 Dec;9(4):351-63.
|Prevalence and characteristics associated with malnutrition at hospitalization among patients with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome in Brazil|
Andrade CS, Jesus RP, Andrade TB, et al. PLoS One. 2012;7(11):e48717.
|HIV and malnutrition: effects on immune system|
Duggal S, Chugh TD, Duggal AK. Clin Dev Immunol. 2012;2012:784740. Review.
|Nutrition and pharmacology: general principles and implications for HIV|
Raiten DJ. Am J Clin Nutr. 2011 Dec;94(6):1697S-1702S.
|Micronutrients in HIV/AIDS: is there evidence to change the WHO 2003 recommendations?|
Forrester JE, Sztam KA. Am J Clin Nutr. 2011 Dec;94(6):1683S-1689S. Review.
|Nutritional screening tools for HIV-infected patients: implications for elderly patients|
Ruiz M, Kamerman LA. J Int Assoc Physicians AIDS Care (Chic). 2010 Nov-Dec;9(6):362-7. Review.
|Supplementary feeding with either ready-to-use fortified spread or corn-soy blend in wasted adults starting antiretroviral therapy in Malawi: randomised, investigator blinded, controlled trial|
Ndekha MJ, van Oosterhout JJG, Zijlstra EE, et al. BMJ 2009;338:b1867. Includes commentary from the UCSF Institute for Global Health.
|Macronutrient supplementation for malnourished HIV-infected adults: a review of the evidence in resource-adequate and resource-constrained settings|
Koethe JR, Chi BH, Megazzini KM, et al. Clin Infect Dis. 2009 Sep 1;49(5):787-98.
| Guidelines and Best Practices|
|HIV/AIDS Evidence-Based Nutrition Practice Guideline|
Recommendations from the American Dietetic Association; December 2010. Summary from the National Guideline Clearinghouse.
|Guidelines for an Integrated Approach to Nutritional Care of HIV-Infected Children (6 Months-14 Years) |
World Health Organization; 2009.
|Nutrition Counselling, Care and Support for HIV-Infected Women: Guidelines on HIV-Related Care, Treatment and Support for HIV-Infected Women and their Children in Resource-Constrained Settings|
WHO, 2004. [PDF, 3MB]
|Nutrient Requirements for People Living with HIV/AIDS: Report of a Technical Consultation|
WHO, May 2003. [PDF, 492K]
|Standards For Client Eligibility, Food, Meals, and Nutrition Services|
New York Department of Health AIDS Institute, Nutrition Initiative; September 2002. [PDF, 86K]
|Living Well with HIV/AIDS|
Food and Agriculture Organization, WHO, 2002. A manual with a global perspective on nutritional care and support for people living with HIV/AIDS. Also in Spanish and French.
|HIV/AIDS: A Guide for Nutrition, Care and Support|
Food and Nutrition Technical Assistance Project, Academy for Educational Development, September 2001. [PDF, 238K] See also update, Recommendation for the Nutrient Requirements for
People Living with HIV/AIDS, February 2007. [PDF, 43.71K]
|South African National Guidelines on Nutrition for People Living with TB, HIV/AIDS and Other Chronic Debilitating Conditions|
South Africa Department of Health, 2001.
| Policy Reports, Papers, and Briefs|
|Nutrition Care and Support of People Living with HIV in Countries in Francophone Africa: Progress, Experience, and Lessons Learned|
Djibril Cissé and Serigne M. Diène. Food and Nutrition Technical Assistance II Project, March 2009. [PDF, 204K]
|Consultation on Nutrition and HIV/AIDS in Africa|
WHO, April 10-13, 2005.
|HIV/AIDS and Food and Nutrition Security: From Evidence to Action|
Stuart Gillespie, Suneetha Kadiyala. International Food Policy Research Institute, 2005. [PDF, 804K]
|Nutrition and HIV/AIDS: Evidence, Gaps, and Priority Actions|
Food and Nutrition Technical Assistance Project, Support for Analysis and Research in Africa Project, April 2004. [PDF, 179K]
|Food and Nutrition Implications of Antiretroviral Therapy in Resource Limited Settings|
Tony Castleman, Eleonore Seumo-Fosso, Bruce Cogill. Food and Nutrition Technical Assistance Project, Academy
for Educational Development, August 2003. [PDF, 182K]
|Incorporating HIV/AIDS Considerations into Food Security and Livelihood Projects|
The Food and Agriculture Organization, UN, 2003.
| Online Books and Chapters|
| Provider Education and Training|
| Clinician Support Tools|
| Program Management Materials|
| Patient and Community Education|
|A Practical Guide to Nutrition for People Living with HIV|
Canadian AIDS Treatment Information Exchange (CATIE); 2007, republished in 2012.
A comprehensive book covering healthy eating, vitamins and supplements, managing symptoms and side effects through nutrition, and more.
|Food Safety for People Living with HIV/AIDS: A Need-to-Know Guide for Those Who Have Been Diagnosed with HIV/AIDS|
U.S. Department of Agreiculture, U.S. Food and Drug Administration; 2005, revised 2011.
Booklet designed to provide practical guidance on how to reduce the risk of foodborne illness for HIV-infected individuals.
|Daily Living: Healthy Living Strategies for People with HIV--Diet and Nutrition|
HIV InSite, December 2005.
|Fact Sheet on Healthy Eating for PLWHA|
Regional Centre for Quality of Health Care, Food and Nutrition Technical Assistance Project, April 2005. [PDF, 110K] See also related resources:
|Antiretroviral Treatment Factsheet: Food for People on Treatment|
International HIV/AIDS Alliance, March 2007. [MS Word, 119K]
|HIV and Nutrition|
Medscape Reference; updated October 2012.
Online reference for clinicians, includes sections on pathophysiology, workup, treatment, and follow-up.
|Development Gateway Food Security|
The Development Gateway is an independent not-for-profit organization conceived by World Bank President James Wolfensohn and initially developed in the World Bank to enhance in-country development.
|Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations|
(FAO) Provides assistance and analyzes and disseminates information related to international food and agriculture issues, including a section on HIV/AIDS and food security.
|Food and Nutrition Technical Assistance Project|
(FANTA) Supports integrated food security and nutrition programming to improve the health and wellbeing of women and children. Funded by USAID and PEPFAR.
|International Food Policy
Research Institute: HIV/AIDS and Food Security|
Established to help developing countries devise appropriate policies to reduce hunger and malnutrition. Publications in English, French, Spanish, and Portuguese.
|World Bank Nutrition Page|
Reports, policy analyses, nutrition toolkits, and more.