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Nutritional Issues in HIV: Related Resources
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Related Knowledge Base Chapters
HIV-Associated Wasting
Kathleen Mulligan, PhD, Morris Schambelan, MD, November 2003.
Implications of HIV/AIDS on Food Security: Related Resources
Journal Articles
Nutritional interventions for reducing morbidity and mortality in people with HIV
Grobler L, Siegfried N, Visser ME, et al. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2013 Feb 28;2:CD004536. Review.
Nutritional supplementation: the additional costs of managing children infected with HIV in resource-constrained settings
Cobb G, Bland RM. Trop Med Int Health. 2013 Jan;18(1):45-52.
Nutrition and the HIV-associated lipodystrophy syndrome
Loonam CR, Mullen A. Nutr Res Rev. 2012 Dec;25(2):267-87. Review.
Interventions to address chronic disease and HIV: strategies to promote exercise and nutrition among HIV-infected individuals
Botros D, Somarriba G, Neri D, et al. Curr HIV/AIDS Rep. 2012 Dec;9(4):351-63.
Prevalence and characteristics associated with malnutrition at hospitalization among patients with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome in Brazil
Andrade CS, Jesus RP, Andrade TB, et al. PLoS One. 2012;7(11):e48717.
HIV and malnutrition: effects on immune system
Duggal S, Chugh TD, Duggal AK. Clin Dev Immunol. 2012;2012:784740. Review.
Nutrition and pharmacology: general principles and implications for HIV
Raiten DJ. Am J Clin Nutr. 2011 Dec;94(6):1697S-1702S.
Micronutrients in HIV/AIDS: is there evidence to change the WHO 2003 recommendations?
Forrester JE, Sztam KA. Am J Clin Nutr. 2011 Dec;94(6):1683S-1689S. Review.
Nutritional screening tools for HIV-infected patients: implications for elderly patients
Ruiz M, Kamerman LA. J Int Assoc Physicians AIDS Care (Chic). 2010 Nov-Dec;9(6):362-7. Review.
Supplementary feeding with either ready-to-use fortified spread or corn-soy blend in wasted adults starting antiretroviral therapy in Malawi: randomised, investigator blinded, controlled trial
Ndekha MJ, van Oosterhout JJG, Zijlstra EE, et al. BMJ 2009;338:b1867. Includes commentary from the UCSF Institute for Global Health.
Macronutrient supplementation for malnourished HIV-infected adults: a review of the evidence in resource-adequate and resource-constrained settings
Koethe JR, Chi BH, Megazzini KM, et al. Clin Infect Dis. 2009 Sep 1;49(5):787-98.
Guidelines and Best Practices
HIV/AIDS Evidence-Based Nutrition Practice Guideline
Recommendations from the American Dietetic Association; December 2010. Summary from the National Guideline Clearinghouse.
Guidelines for an Integrated Approach to Nutritional Care of HIV-Infected Children (6 Months-14 Years)
World Health Organization; 2009.
Nutrition Counselling, Care and Support for HIV-Infected Women: Guidelines on HIV-Related Care, Treatment and Support for HIV-Infected Women and their Children in Resource-Constrained Settings
WHO, 2004. [PDF, 3MB]
Nutrient Requirements for People Living with HIV/AIDS: Report of a Technical Consultation
WHO, May 2003. [PDF, 492K]
Standards For Client Eligibility, Food, Meals, and Nutrition Services
New York Department of Health AIDS Institute, Nutrition Initiative; September 2002. [PDF, 86K]
Living Well with HIV/AIDS
Food and Agriculture Organization, WHO, 2002. A manual with a global perspective on nutritional care and support for people living with HIV/AIDS. Also in Spanish and French.
HIV/AIDS: A Guide for Nutrition, Care and Support
Food and Nutrition Technical Assistance Project, Academy for Educational Development, September 2001. [PDF, 238K] See also update, Recommendation for the Nutrient Requirements for People Living with HIV/AIDS, February 2007. [PDF, 43.71K]
South African National Guidelines on Nutrition for People Living with TB, HIV/AIDS and Other Chronic Debilitating Conditions
South Africa Department of Health, 2001.
Policy Reports, Papers, and Briefs
Nutrition Care and Support of People Living with HIV in Countries in Francophone Africa: Progress, Experience, and Lessons Learned
Djibril Cissé and Serigne M. Diène. Food and Nutrition Technical Assistance II Project, March 2009. [PDF, 204K]
Consultation on Nutrition and HIV/AIDS in Africa
WHO, April 10-13, 2005.
HIV/AIDS and Food and Nutrition Security: From Evidence to Action
Stuart Gillespie, Suneetha Kadiyala. International Food Policy Research Institute, 2005. [PDF, 804K]
Nutrition and HIV/AIDS: Evidence, Gaps, and Priority Actions
Food and Nutrition Technical Assistance Project, Support for Analysis and Research in Africa Project, April 2004. [PDF, 179K]
Food and Nutrition Implications of Antiretroviral Therapy in Resource Limited Settings
Tony Castleman, Eleonore Seumo-Fosso, Bruce Cogill. Food and Nutrition Technical Assistance Project, Academy for Educational Development, August 2003. [PDF, 182K]
Incorporating HIV/AIDS Considerations into Food Security and Livelihood Projects
The Food and Agriculture Organization, UN, 2003.
Online Books and Chapters
Nutrition Chapter: Guide for HIV/AIDS Clinical Care
AIDS Education and Training Centers National Resource Center, 2012.
Nutritional Disorders
The Merck Manual for Health Care Providers, February 2010.
Nutrition and HIV/AIDS
Baylor International Pediatric AIDS Initiative; updated January 2010.

Module from the BIPAI online HIV curriculum.

Living Well with HIV/AIDS: A Manual on Nutritional Care and Support for People Living with HIV/AIDS
Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations; Rome, 2002.
Provider Education and Training
Nutritional Care and Support for People Living with HIV/AIDS: A Training Course
World Health Organizaton; Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations; 2009.

Includes a director's guide, facilitator's guide, participants' manual, and overhead transparencies.

Nutrition and HIV/AIDS: A Training Manual for Nurses and Midwives
East, Central and Southern African Health Community (ECSA); Food and Nutrition Technical Assistance Project; August 2008. [2.5MB]

Manual designed to support nursing instructors in training students to provide effective nutrition care and support to people living with HIV/AIDS.

Nutrition and HIV/AIDS: A Training Manual
Regional Centre for Quality of Health Care in Uganda, Food and Nutrition Technical Assistance Project, The LINKAGES Project; August 2003.
Clinician Support Tools
Assessment of Nutritional Status for Adults, Using Weight and Height
Regional Centre for Quality of Health Care, Food and Nutrition Technical Assistance Project, April 2005. [PDF, 91K]
Food and Nutrition Counselling for PLWHA on Antiretroviral Therapy: A Job Aid for Counselors and Antiretroviral Therapy Service Providers
Regional Centre for Quality of Health Care, Food and Nutrition Technical Assistance Project, April 2005. [PDF, 201K]
Program Management Materials
Handbook: Developing and Applying National Guidelines on Nutrition and HIV/AIDS
Regional Centre for Quality of Health Care, Food and Nutrition Technical Assistance Project, March 2003. [PDF, 204K]
Patient and Community Education
A Practical Guide to Nutrition for People Living with HIV
Canadian AIDS Treatment Information Exchange (CATIE); 2007, republished in 2012.

A comprehensive book covering healthy eating, vitamins and supplements, managing symptoms and side effects through nutrition, and more.

Food Safety for People Living with HIV/AIDS: A Need-to-Know Guide for Those Who Have Been Diagnosed with HIV/AIDS
U.S. Department of Agreiculture, U.S. Food and Drug Administration; 2005, revised 2011.

Booklet designed to provide practical guidance on how to reduce the risk of foodborne illness for HIV-infected individuals.

Daily Living: Healthy Living Strategies for People with HIV--Diet and Nutrition
HIV InSite, December 2005.
Fact Sheet on Healthy Eating for PLWHA
Regional Centre for Quality of Health Care, Food and Nutrition Technical Assistance Project, April 2005. [PDF, 110K] See also related resources:
bullet.gifNutrition for PLWHA: A Meal Planning Tool [PDF, 81K]
bullet.gifNutritional Care for People Living with HIV/AIDS: Answers to Frequently Asked Questions [PDF, 2.3MB]
bullet.gifNutrition for PLWHA: Counselling Cards [PDF, 2.3MB]
Antiretroviral Treatment Factsheet: Food for People on Treatment
International HIV/AIDS Alliance, March 2007. [MS Word, 119K]
Links
HIV and Nutrition
Medscape Reference; updated October 2012.

Online reference for clinicians, includes sections on pathophysiology, workup, treatment, and follow-up.

Development Gateway Food Security
The Development Gateway is an independent not-for-profit organization conceived by World Bank President James Wolfensohn and initially developed in the World Bank to enhance in-country development.
Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
(FAO) Provides assistance and analyzes and disseminates information related to international food and agriculture issues, including a section on HIV/AIDS and food security.
Food and Nutrition Technical Assistance Project
(FANTA) Supports integrated food security and nutrition programming to improve the health and wellbeing of women and children. Funded by USAID and PEPFAR.
International Food Policy Research Institute: HIV/AIDS and Food Security
Established to help developing countries devise appropriate policies to reduce hunger and malnutrition. Publications in English, French, Spanish, and Portuguese.
World Bank Nutrition Page
Reports, policy analyses, nutrition toolkits, and more.