| Related Knowledge Base Chapters|
| Journal Articles|
|Nutritional interventions for reducing morbidity and mortality in people with HIV|
Grobler L, Siegfried N, Visser ME, et al. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2013 Feb 28;2:CD004536. Review.
|Nutritional supplementation: the additional costs of managing children infected with HIV in resource-constrained settings|
Cobb G, Bland RM. Trop Med Int Health. 2013 Jan;18(1):45-52.
|Nutrition and the HIV-associated lipodystrophy syndrome|
Loonam CR, Mullen A. Nutr Res Rev. 2012 Dec;25(2):267-87. Review.
|Interventions to address chronic disease and HIV: strategies to promote exercise and nutrition among HIV-infected individuals|
Botros D, Somarriba G, Neri D, et al. Curr HIV/AIDS Rep. 2012 Dec;9(4):351-63.
|Prevalence and characteristics associated with malnutrition at hospitalization among patients with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome in Brazil|
Andrade CS, Jesus RP, Andrade TB, et al. PLoS One. 2012;7(11):e48717.
|HIV and malnutrition: effects on immune system|
Duggal S, Chugh TD, Duggal AK. Clin Dev Immunol. 2012;2012:784740. Review.
|Nutrition and pharmacology: general principles and implications for HIV|
Raiten DJ. Am J Clin Nutr. 2011 Dec;94(6):1697S-1702S.
|Micronutrients in HIV/AIDS: is there evidence to change the WHO 2003 recommendations?|
Forrester JE, Sztam KA. Am J Clin Nutr. 2011 Dec;94(6):1683S-1689S. Review.
|Nutritional screening tools for HIV-infected patients: implications for elderly patients|
Ruiz M, Kamerman LA. J Int Assoc Physicians AIDS Care (Chic). 2010 Nov-Dec;9(6):362-7. Review.
|Supplementary feeding with either ready-to-use fortified spread or corn-soy blend in wasted adults starting antiretroviral therapy in Malawi: randomised, investigator blinded, controlled trial|
Ndekha MJ, van Oosterhout JJG, Zijlstra EE, et al. BMJ 2009;338:b1867. Includes commentary from the UCSF Institute for Global Health.
|Macronutrient supplementation for malnourished HIV-infected adults: a review of the evidence in resource-adequate and resource-constrained settings|
Koethe JR, Chi BH, Megazzini KM, et al. Clin Infect Dis. 2009 Sep 1;49(5):787-98.
| Guidelines and Best Practices|
|HIV/AIDS Evidence-Based Nutrition Practice Guideline|
Recommendations from the American Dietetic Association; December 2010. Summary from the National Guideline Clearinghouse.
|Guidelines for an Integrated Approach to Nutritional Care of HIV-Infected Children (6 Months-14 Years) |
World Health Organization; 2009.
|Nutrition Counselling, Care and Support for HIV-Infected Women: Guidelines on HIV-Related Care, Treatment and Support for HIV-Infected Women and their Children in Resource-Constrained Settings|
WHO, 2004. [PDF, 3MB]
|Nutrient Requirements for People Living with HIV/AIDS: Report of a Technical Consultation|
WHO, May 2003. [PDF, 492K]
|Standards For Client Eligibility, Food, Meals, and Nutrition Services|
New York Department of Health AIDS Institute, Nutrition Initiative; September 2002. [PDF, 86K]
|Living Well with HIV/AIDS|
Food and Agriculture Organization, WHO, 2002. A manual with a global perspective on nutritional care and support for people living with HIV/AIDS. Also in Spanish and French.
|HIV/AIDS: A Guide for Nutrition, Care and Support|
Food and Nutrition Technical Assistance Project, Academy for Educational Development, September 2001. [PDF, 238K] See also update, Recommendation for the Nutrient Requirements for
People Living with HIV/AIDS, February 2007. [PDF, 43.71K]
|South African National Guidelines on Nutrition for People Living with TB, HIV/AIDS and Other Chronic Debilitating Conditions|
South Africa Department of Health, 2001.
| Policy Reports, Papers, and Briefs|
|Nutrition Care and Support of People Living with HIV in Countries in Francophone Africa: Progress, Experience, and Lessons Learned|
Djibril Cissé and Serigne M. Diène. Food and Nutrition Technical Assistance II Project, March 2009. [PDF, 204K]
|Consultation on Nutrition and HIV/AIDS in Africa|
WHO, April 10-13, 2005.
|HIV/AIDS and Food and Nutrition Security: From Evidence to Action|
Stuart Gillespie, Suneetha Kadiyala. International Food Policy Research Institute, 2005. [PDF, 804K]
|Nutrition and HIV/AIDS: Evidence, Gaps, and Priority Actions|
Food and Nutrition Technical Assistance Project, Support for Analysis and Research in Africa Project, April 2004. [PDF, 179K]
|Food and Nutrition Implications of Antiretroviral Therapy in Resource Limited Settings|
Tony Castleman, Eleonore Seumo-Fosso, Bruce Cogill. Food and Nutrition Technical Assistance Project, Academy
for Educational Development, August 2003. [PDF, 182K]
|Incorporating HIV/AIDS Considerations into Food Security and Livelihood Projects|
The Food and Agriculture Organization, UN, 2003.
| Online Books and Chapters|
| Provider Education and Training|
| Clinician Support Tools|
| Program Management Materials|
| Patient and Community Education|
|A Practical Guide to Nutrition for People Living with HIV|
Canadian AIDS Treatment Information Exchange (CATIE); 2007, republished in 2012.
A comprehensive book covering healthy eating, vitamins and supplements, managing symptoms and side effects through nutrition, and more.
|Food Safety for People Living with HIV/AIDS: A Need-to-Know Guide for Those Who Have Been Diagnosed with HIV/AIDS|
U.S. Department of Agreiculture, U.S. Food and Drug Administration; 2005, revised 2011.
Booklet designed to provide practical guidance on how to reduce the risk of foodborne illness for HIV-infected individuals.
|Daily Living: Healthy Living Strategies for People with HIV--Diet and Nutrition|
HIV InSite, December 2005.
|Fact Sheet on Healthy Eating for PLWHA|
Regional Centre for Quality of Health Care, Food and Nutrition Technical Assistance Project, April 2005. [PDF, 110K] See also related resources:
|Antiretroviral Treatment Factsheet: Food for People on Treatment|
International HIV/AIDS Alliance, March 2007. [MS Word, 119K]
|HIV and Nutrition|
Medscape Reference; updated October 2012.
Online reference for clinicians, includes sections on pathophysiology, workup, treatment, and follow-up.
|Development Gateway Food Security|
The Development Gateway is an independent not-for-profit organization conceived by World Bank President James Wolfensohn and initially developed in the World Bank to enhance in-country development.
|Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations|
(FAO) Provides assistance and analyzes and disseminates information related to international food and agriculture issues, including a section on HIV/AIDS, food security, and nutrition at the household level.
|Food and Nutrition Technical Assistance Project|
(FANTA) Supports integrated food security and nutrition programming to improve the health and wellbeing of women and children. Funded by USAID and PEPFAR.
|International Food Policy
Research Institute: HIV/AIDS and Food Security|
Established to help developing countries devise appropriate policies to reduce hunger and malnutrition. Includes numerous resources on the topic of HIV and food security. Publications in English, French, Spanish, and Portuguese.
|World Bank Nutrition Page|
Reports, policy analyses, nutrition toolkits, and more.