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Global Health Literature Digest
These journal articles are selected from a biweekly digest produced by UCSF Global Health Sciences (GHS). This literature digest collection highlights recently published studies of practical relevance for resource-limited settings. These studies of behavioral, policy, and prevention interventions have one or more of the following aims: to reduce sexual or drug-related risk behaviors, to decrease primary or secondary transmission, to improve health service delivery and quality of life, and to improve HIV treatment and treatment adherence. The studies featured have been summarized and put into context by research staff at UCSF Global Health Sciences. Summaries and reviewer commentary are the work of GHS authors and have been published here with the permission of GHS.
December 22, 2006

Integration of Antiretroviral Treatment within Antenatal Care in Gauteng Province, South Africa
A Review of Female-Condom Effectiveness: Patterns of Use and Impact on Protected Sex Acts and STI Incidence
December 6, 2006

Adherence to Antiretroviral Therapy in a Home-Based AIDS Care Programme in Rural Uganda
Short-Term Effect of a Cultural Adaptation of Voluntary Counseling and Testing Among Female Sex Workers in China: A Quasi-Experimental Trial
A Controlled Study of an HIV/AIDS/STI/TB Intervention with Traditional Healers in KwaZulu-Natal
Measuring the Outcomes of a Comprehensive HIV Care Course: Pilot Test at the Infectious Diseases Institute, Kampala, Uganda
November 16, 2006

Peer-Driven HIV Interventions for Drug Injectors in Russia: First Year Impact Results of a Field Experiment
Impact of a Social Influence Intervention on Condom Use and Sexually Transmitted Infections Among Establishment-Based Female Sex Workers in the Philippines: A Multilevel Analysis
Country-Wide Distribution of the Nitrile Female Condom (FC2) in Brazil and South Africa: A Cost-Effectiveness Analysis
The Cost-Effectiveness of Treating Male Trichomoniasis to Avert HIV Transmission in Men Seeking Sexually Transmitted Disease Care in Malawi
November 3, 2006

A Prospective Study Assessing the Effects of Introducing the Female Condom in a Sex Worker Population in Mombasa, Kenya
The Costs of Treating Curable Sexually Transmitted Infections in Low- and Middle-Income Countries: A Systematic Review
Short-Term Risk of AIDS or Death in People Infected with HIV-1 Before Antiretroviral Therapy in South Africa: A Longitudinal Study
Improving Well-Being Through Psycho-Education Among Voluntary Counseling and Testing Seekers in Nigeria: A Controlled Outcome Study
September 27, 2006

Adherence to Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy Assessed by Pharmacy Claims Predicts Survival in HIV-Infected South African Adults
Undiagnosed HIV Infection and Couple HIV Discordance Among Household Members of HIV-Infected People Receiving Antiretroviral Therapy in Uganda
Survival Rate and Risk Factors of Mortality Among HIV/Tuberculosis-Co-Infected Patients with and Without Antiretroviral Therapy
Behavioral HIV Risk Reduction Among People Who Inject Drugs: Meta-Analytic Evidence of Efficacy
September 16, 2006

Adherence to Antiretroviral Therapy in Sub-Saharan Africa and North America: A Meta-Analysis
Rapid Scale-Up of Antiretroviral Therapy at Primary Care Sites in Zambia
Rural-to-Urban Migrants and the HIV Epidemic in China
Breastfeeding Plus Infant Zidovudine Prophylaxis for 6 Months vs Formula Feeding Plus Infant Zidovudine for 1 Month to Reduce Mother-to-Child HIV Transmission in Botswana: A Randomized Trial: The Mashi Study

These studies have been summarized by UCSF Global Health Sciences with support from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Global AIDS Program (CDC-GAP). The Digest is then distributed by the U.S. State Department Office of the Global AIDS Coordinator (OGAC) to its personnel based worldwide.