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Home > Countries & Regions > World
Updated June 2011
Health and Development Profiles
Guidelines and Best Practices
Policy Reports and Papers
Surveys and Assessments
Journal Articles
Online Books and Chapters
National Organizations
International Organizations
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UNAIDS Cosponsors
HIV/AIDS Web Sites
Conferences and Events
Comprehensive Indicator Report
Regional Pages
East Asia
Eastern Europe & Central Asia
Latin America
Middle East & North Africa
North America
South & Southeast Asia
Sub-Saharan Africa
Western Europe
Focus on Care and Treatment
Quick Links
List of all countries
Indicator Database
HIV/AIDS in the World
Population, 20137,137,000,000
People living with HIV/AIDS, 201235,300,000
Women (aged 15+) with HIV/AIDS, 201216,100,000
Children with HIV/AIDS, 20123,300,000
Adult HIV prevalence (%), 20120.8
AIDS deaths, 20121,600,000
nd = No data
Source: Population Reference Bureau & UNAIDS
View full indicator report

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Health and Development Profiles
UNAIDS/WHO 2008 Report on the Global AIDS Epidemic
The 2008 report provides the most recent estimates of the AIDS epidemic's scope. August 2008.
Epidemiological Fact Sheets by Country
UNAIDS and WHO, August 2008. Includes most recent country-level data as of end 2007. The Global Health Atlas can be used to view country reports.
Population and HIV/AIDS Wallchart
United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. March 2008.
Guidelines and Best Practices
Prevention and Treatment of HIV and Other Sexually Transmitted Infections among Men Who Have Sex with Men and Transgender People
WHO, June 20, 2011. [PDF, 745K]
Antiretroviral Therapy for HIV Infection in Adults and Adolescents: Recommendations for a Public Health Approach
World Health Organization, July 2010. [PDF, 1.76MB]
Antiretroviral Therapy for HIV Infection in Infants and Children
World Health Organization, July 2010.
Antiretroviral Drugs for Treating Pregnant Women and Preventing HIV Infection in Infants in Resource-Limited Settings: Towards Universal Access, Recommendations for a Public Health Approach
World Health Organization, July 2010. [PDF, 1.2MB]
Rapid Advice: ARV Treatment for Pregnant Women and Prevention of Infection in Infants
WHO; November 30, 2009. [PDF, 373K]
Rapid Advice: HIV and Infant Feeding--Revised Principles and Recommendations
World Health Organization; November 30, 2009. [PDF, 219K]
Consolidated Guidelines on the Use of Antiretroviral Drugs for Treating and Preventing HIV Infection
World Health Organization, June 30, 2013.
Essential Prevention and Care Interventions for Adults and Adolescents Living with HIV in Resource-Limited Settings
WHO, July 2008. [PDF, 1.6MB].
Post-Exposure Prophylaxis to Prevent HIV Infection
WHO, March 2008. [PDF, 2.2MB].
Guidance on Provider-Initiated HIV Testing and Counselling in Health Facilities.
WHO, May 2007. [PDF, 2.2MB] Also available in French [PDF, 1.3MB] and Russian [PDF, 1.5MB].
Practical Guidelines for Intensifying HIV Prevention: Towards Universal Access
WHO, March 2007. [PDF,3.87MB]
Clinical HIV/AIDS Care Guidelines for Resource-Poor Settings
Médecins Sans Frontières, April 2006. [PDF, 3.7MB]
Guidelines on Co-trimoxazole Prophylaxis for HIV-Related Infections Among Children, Adolescents and Adults in Resource-Limited Settings: Recommendations for a Public Health Approach
WHO, August 7, 2006. [PDF, 1.1MB]
WHO Case Definitions of HIV for Surveillance and Revised Clinical Staging and Immunological Classification of HIV-Related Disease in Adults and Children
WHO, August 7, 2006. [PDF, 1.1MB]
Policy Reports and Papers
AIDS Outlook 2009
UNAIDS, November 28, 2008.
Towards Universal Access: Scaling up Priority HIV/AIDS Interventions in the Health Sector, Progress Report
WHO, UNICEF and UNAIDS, June 2008. [PDF, 4.4 MB] Also available in French.
Harm Reduction Developments 2008: Countries with Injection-Driven HIV Epidemics
International Harm Reduction Development Program (IHRD), Open Society Institute (OSI), March 2008. [PDF, 1.4MB]
Combating the Twin Epidemics of HIV/AIDS and Drug Addiction: Opportunities for Progress and Gaps in Scale
Center for Strategic & International Studies (CSIS), January 2008. [PDF, 1.7MB]
The Power of Partnerships: Fourth Annual Report to Congress on PEPFAR (2007)
United States Global AIDS Coordinator, 2008.
Towards Universal Access: Scaling up Priority HIV/AIDS Interventions in the Health Sector, Progress Report [PDF, 5.7 MB]
Prequalification Programme
Provides verification of manufacturers' claims of quality and standards for select drugs. Includes a list of HIV/AIDS prequalified products. November, 2007. [PDF, 191KB]
Untangling The Web of Price Reductions: A Pricing Guide for the Purchase of ARVs in Developing Countries (11th Edition)
Médecins Sans Frontières, July 2008. [PDF, 795K] Also available in French, Portuguese and Spanish. An update from January 2009 is available.
Bringing HIV Prevention to Scale: An Urgent Global Priority
Also available are executive summaries in English, French, Spanish, and Russian. The Global HIV Prevention Working Group. June, 2007. [PDF, 764KB]
The Power of Partnerships: Third Annual Report to Congress on PEPFAR (2007)
United States Global AIDS Coordinator, 2007.
UNAIDS at Country Level - Supporting Countries as They Move Towards Universal Access
Joint United Nations Program on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS), January 2007. [PDF, 1.4MB]
Antiretroviral Medication Policy for Refugees
The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), January 2007. [PDF, 196K]
Progress in Scaling up Access to HIV Treatment in Low and Middle-Income Countries, June 2006
WHO HIV/AIDS Treatment Data, August 16, 2006. [PDF, 483K]
The Global HIV/AIDS Pandemic, 2006
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, MMRW 2006; 55(31):841-844.
Towards Universal Access by 2010 : How WHO is Working with Countries to Scale-up HIV Prevention, Treatment, Care and Support
World Health Organization, October 26, 2006. [PDF, 584K]
New Approaches to HIV Prevention: Accelerating Research and Ensuring Future Access
Global HIV Prevention Working Group, August 2006. [PDF, 880K]
Report on the Global AIDS Epidemic
UNAIDS, May 30, 2006.
The Global Challenge of HIV and AIDS
Peter R. Lamptey, Jami L. Johnson, Marya Khan. Population Reference Bureau, March 2006. [PDF, 1.1MB]
State-Sponsored Homophobia: A World Survey of Laws Prohibiting Same-Sex Activity between Consenting Adults
Ottosson D. ILGA, April 2007. Comprehensive survey of countries around the world with laws prohibiting same-sex sexual activity between consenting adults. Report also available in French, Portuguese, and Spanish [PDF, 251 KB.]
Progress on Global Access to HIV Antiretroviral Therapy: A Report on 3 by 5 and Beyond
WHO, UNAIDS, March 2006. [PDF, 2.7MB]
HIV InSite Overview of the President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR)
Core documents, program management tools, and related resources. February 2006.
AIDS Epidemic Update 2005
UNAIDS, November 21, 2005. Includes regional data as of end 2005. Available in English, Spanish, French, German, and Russian.
The Global HIV/AIDS Epidemic
Jennifer Kates, Alyssa Wilson. Kaiser Family Foundation, September 2005.
Human Development Report 2005: International Cooperation at a Crossroads--Aid, Trade and Security in an Unequal World
United Nations Development Programme, September 2005. Includes global human development indicators.
Core Competencies: Results from the International Consensus Meeting on HIV Service Delivery Training and Certification
WHO, August 2005.
Surveys and Assessments
DHS Levels and Spread of HIV Seroprevalence and Associated Factors: Evidence from National Household Surveys
Mishra V, Medley A, Hong R, Gu Y, and Robey B. Macro International. February 2009. [PDF, 3.5MB]
HIV/AIDS Indicator Database
A database of national sample surveys on HIV/AIDS indicators defined by the UNAIDS National AIDS Programmes: Guide to Monitoring and Evaluation. Most are Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) such as the Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys (MICS), the Reproductive Health Surveys (RHS), the Sexual Behavior Surveys (SBS), and Behavioral Surveillance Surveys (BSS). MEASURE DHS project of Macro International, Inc. 2008.
HIV/AIDS Surveillance Data Base
U.S. Bureau of the Census, International Programs Center, Health Studies Branch, July 2003. Includes HIV-1 and HIV-2 country-level seroprevalence estimates by residence and risk factor.
Journal Articles
Overestimates of survival after HAART: implications for global scale-up efforts
Bisson GP, Gaolathe T, Gross R, Rollins C, Bellamy S, Mogorosi M, et al. PLoS ONE. 2008 Mar 5;3(3):e1725. Includes commentary from the UCSF Institute for Global Health.
Online Books and Chapters
Disease Control Priorities in Developing Countries - Second Edition
Disease Control Priorities Project, The World Bank Group, 2006.
National Organizations
Directory of Associations of People Living with HIV/AIDS
USAID, Global Network of People Living with HIV/AIDS, International Community of Women Living with HIV/AIDS, July 2004. [PDF, 2.5MB]
International Organizations
Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS)
World Bank, Early Child Development
Includes numerous links to organizations and publications related to children and caregivers affected by HIV/AIDS.
UNAIDS Cosponsors
International Labour Organization (ILO)
Programme on HIV/AIDS.
United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF)
HIV/AIDS overview.
United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)
HIV/AIDS overview.
United Nations Office for Drug Control and Crime Prevention (UNODC)
Prevention of HIV/AIDS related to drug use and in prison settings.
United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA)
Preventing HIV Infection, Promoting Reproductive Health program.
United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO)
UNESCO's action against HIV/AIDS.
World Bank
Global HIV/AIDS overview and documents.
World Health Organization (WHO)
HIV/AIDS Given New Focus and Priority.
The Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis & Malaria (GFATM)
Site details HIV/AIDS programs, conferences, and initiatives.
World Food Programme
Runs campaign to target food aid to poor families whose major breadwinner is living with HIV/AIDS.
HIV/AIDS Web Sites
AIDS Organizations Worldwide
Searchable database of international AIDS organizations from Aidsmap. Available in English, French, German, Italian, Spanish, and Portuguese.
Global operations research on HIV/AIDS/STI prevention and care. Funded by USAID, Population Council primary contractor.
Implementing AIDS Prevention and Care Project (IMPACT)
Funded by USAID, Family Health International primary contractor.
Education International: HIV/AIDS Prevention
Provides information on activities undertaken by Education International, a global confederation of teacher trade unions, and other agencies including WHO, EDC, CDC, UNICEF, UNESCO and UNAIDS. Focus on Africa, especially southern Africa; also in French and Spanish.
WHO ARV Toolkit
Provides user-friendly technical guidance on planning and implementing antiretroviral treatment programs in resource-limited settings for an audience of program managers, implementers, and their partners in the public and private sectors.
Includes the VCT Toolkit, a resource for people involved in setting up or scaling up HIV testing and counseling services.
Conferences and Events
The 2nd Global HIV/AIDS Surveillance Meeting
Bancock, Thailand, March 2-5, 2009.
XVII International AIDS Conference
Mexico City, August 3-8, 2008.
15th International Symposium on HIV and Emerging Infectious Diseases
Toulon, France, May 28-30, 2008.
World AIDS Day
December 1, 2008.
World AIDS Orphans' Day
An annual event sponsored by the Association François-Xavier Bagnoud. May 7, 2008.