Fosamprenavir (Lexiva, Telzir)

Published October 30, 2003; Updated May 17, 2012
Susa Coffey, MD
http://hivinsite.ucsf.edu/InSite?page=ar-03-08
Selected Reference
11. MacManus  S, Yates  PJ, Elston  RC, White  S, Richards  N, Snowden  W.
GW433908/ritonavir once daily in antiretroviral therapy-naive HIV-infected patients: absence of protease resistance at 48 weeks. AIDS. 2004 Mar;18(4):651-5
[PubMed ID: 15090770]
Abstract:
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the emergence of resistance to GW433908 (908), a protease inhibitor (PI) with demonstrated antiviral efficacy, safety and tolerability, when administered once daily (q.d.) with low dose ritonavir (908/r). DESIGN: A 48-week Phase III open-label study (SOLO, APV30002) in which antiretroviral therapy-naive patients (n = 649) were treated with 908/r, (1400 mg/200 mg, q.d.) or nelfinavir [1250 mg, twice daily (b.i.d.)] with two nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NRTI), abacavir (300 mg, b.i.d.) and lamivudine (150 mg, b.i.d.). METHODS: Viral genotype and phenotype were analysed at baseline and on treatment up to 48 weeks and beyond. RESULTS: Emergence of genotypic resistance was significantly different between the 908/r q.d. and the nelfinavir b.i.d. treatment arms for both PIs (0 versus 50%; P < 0.001) and the NRTI (13% versus 69%; P < 0.001) received. In the nelfinavir arm the key protease mutations D30N and/or L90M were frequently observed. The absence of protease resistance mutations and reduced incidence of NRTI resistance mutations in the 908/r q.d. arm was confirmed by phenotyping, which showed a lack of PI cross-resistance. CONCLUSIONS: The absence of resistance to 908 or cross-resistance to other PIs, and reduced NRTI resistance, following a 908/r q.d. regimen supports the use of this boosted PI early in therapy.