Fosamprenavir (Lexiva, Telzir)

Published October 30, 2003; Updated January 28, 2015
Susa Coffey, MD
Selected Reference
1. Rodriguez-French  A, Boghossian  J, Gray  GE, Nadler  JP, Quinones  AR, Sepulveda  GE, Millard  JM, Wannamaker  PG.
The NEAT study: a 48-week open-label study to compare the antiviral efficacy and safety of GW433908 versus nelfinavir in antiretroviral therapy-naive HIV-1-infected patients. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2004 Jan;35(1):22-32
[PubMed ID: 14707788]
OBJECTIVE: To compare the efficacy, durability, and tolerability of GW433908 (908), 1400 mg twice-daily (BID), with nelfinavir (NFV), 1250 mg BID. METHODS: This was an international, multicenter, randomized, open-label study (NEAT) in antiretroviral therapy (ART)-naive HIV-infected adults with plasma HIV-1 RNA (vRNA) at screening > or =5000 copies/mL (c/mL). Patients were randomly assigned to 908 or NFV (2:1) for a minimum of 48 weeks, with a background of abacavir (ABC) and lamivudine (3TC). RESULTS: A total of 166 patients received randomized treatment with 908 BID and 83 received NFV BID. The population was diverse with regard to race and gender (76% Hispanics and blacks, 31% female) and had advanced HIV disease at screening (45% had vRNA >100,000 c/mL, 48% had CD4 cell counts <200 cells/mm3, 20% had a history of Centers for Disease Control class C events). After 48 weeks of study by an intention-to-treat rebound or discontinuation = failure analysis, a greater proportion of patients in the 908 BID group (66%) than the NFV BID group (51%) achieved vRNA <400 c/mL. Furthermore, more patients with screening vRNA >100,000 c/mL (67 vs. 35%) or CD4 <50 cells/mm3 (48 vs. 24%) achieved undetectable viral loads taking 908 BID compared with NFV BID, respectively. Favorable immunologic responses were observed for both groups. Diarrhea, which was more common in the NFV BID group (18 vs. 5%), was the only drug-related grade 2-4 adverse event with a significant difference (P = 0.002) in incidence between groups. CONCLUSION: Administration of 908 BID resulted in a potent and sustained antiretroviral response, notably in ART-naive patients with advanced HIV disease. GW433908 was generally well tolerated and provides a convenient dosing option without food or fluid restrictions.