Lopinavir/Ritonavir (Kaletra, Aluvia)
January 25, 2001; Updated
|Susa Coffey, MD|
| 5. ||Benson
Safety and antiviral activity at 48 weeks of lopinavir/ritonavir plus nevirapine and 2 nucleoside reverse-transcriptase inhibitors in human immunodeficiency virus type 1-infected protease inhibitor-experienced patients. J Infect Dis. 2002 Mar;185(5):599-607
[PubMed ID: 11865416]
The safety and antiviral activity of lopinavir (Lpv), a protease inhibitor (PI) coformulated with ritonavir (Rtv) to enhance its pharmacokinetic properties, were evaluated in 70 patients with plasma human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) RNA levels of 1000-100,000 copies/mL on a first PI-containing regimen. Patients were randomized to substitute only the PI with Lpv/Rtv, 400/100 mg or 400/200 mg twice daily. On day 15, nevirapine (200 mg 2x/day) was added, and nucleoside reverse-transcriptase inhibitors were changed. Despite a >4-fold reduction in phenotypic susceptibility to the preentry PI in 63% of patients, mean plasma HIV-1 RNA levels declined by 1.14 log(10) copies/mL after 2 weeks of Lpv/Rtv. At week 48, 86% of subjects receiving treatment had plasma HIV-1 RNA levels of <400 copies/mL; 76% had levels <50 HIV-1 RNA copies/mL (intent-to-treat: 70% and 60%, respectively). Mean CD4 cell counts increased by 125 cells/muL. Three patients discontinued therapy for drug-related adverse events.